Huang Xihua, deputy to the National People’s Congress, suggested that a nationwide policy to liberalize fertility should be introduced as soon as possible. It is recommended to abolish birth restrictions and fully liberalize births. Implement policies that encourage childbirth, and effectively reduce the burden of raising families in taxation, education, medical care, employment, etc., so that ordinary families are willing to have children, can afford to have children, and can afford to raise children.
Let ordinary families “willing to give birth, afford to give birth, and afford to support” this is what Huang meant. In fact, the recent experts’ calls for liberalizing fertility are not one-sided. They all increase subsidies while liberalizing. Education, medical care, employment and other aspects have effectively reduced the burden of raising families. In fact, the childbirth policy is related to the “people’s livelihood suffering”. Simply letting go of childbearing does not increase the willingness of young people to bear children. The people are not afraid of having children, but they are afraid of raising them. Nowadays, the pressure of life is too great, so you must be responsible for your children and satisfy their education. , Medical and other aspects, but in reality, these aspects are too difficult for ordinary families.
If the relevant supporting policies are not implemented, the liberalization of childbearing can only become the welfare of a small number of “rich and entitled” classes, and the problem of large families will arise, which is contrary to the vision of the national policy, so the liberalization Childbirth is simple, but encouraging childbirth is difficult. The people’s aspiration is the direction of governance. I believe there will be a good supporting measure introduced.
Some people say that in the past, people were poor, so why are so many still alive? In fact, in terms of the cost of having children, it was much cheaper to have children in the past than it is now. In 1998, the domestic urbanization rate just exceeded 30%. In the past, rural people in China accounted for the vast majority, and the cost of raising children in rural areas was very low. After giving birth to farm work, the child was carried directly to the ground. Sometimes the child was carried while working, and sometimes the child was directly placed on the ground. Play by yourself. After the child is six or seven years old, the child will do housework, such as feeding cattle, feeding geese, feeding ducks, cutting pig grass, cooking, etc. Anyway, I used to do it when I was young. Not to mention going to school, since I went to kindergarten, I just walked there by myself. I still remember when I was in kindergarten, sometimes I was playing in the mud on the road and I was late without paying attention. Sometimes, I play truant, play on the road, don’t go to school, and go home after seeing those after school. In short, at that time, raising children in rural areas was very extensive, and when they were raised to six or seven years old, they could help the family with work. It was considered a small labor force and could make a certain profit. At that time, the cost of having children in rural areas was low and the benefits were high. Now it’s different. Now the urbanization rate is over 60%. When children are born in the city, parents cannot bring them to work. Someone has to take them specially, and someone has to pick them up and drop off at school and after school. Moreover, the current urban housing units are mainly two-bedroom and one-bedroom units. Let alone the difficulty of buying a house, this type of housing alone limits the ability to have a second child, and there is no place to live after birth, let alone a third child. The cost of children going to kindergarten is also increasing. How to give birth to this situation? Raising children in rural areas is almost the same as in cities. Due to the relocation and integration of schools in rural areas, the school is far away from home, and children have to be transported to and from school. Now the rural children are different from ours, and they do less housework. But the better thing is that the rural areas are at least very ample in housing, and there are many rooms in rural houses, so you are not afraid of having no place to live when you have children. Therefore, there are still many second births in rural areas, at least more than in cities. But the problem now is that the urban population already accounts for the majority. Although the urbanization rate seems to be 60% on the surface, in fact, the urbanization rate of young people is estimated to have reached at least 80%, that is, it is estimated that 20% of young people are in rural areas. Even if these 20% of young people all have second births, it will not change the trend of accelerated decline in the birth population in recent years. The young people in the city don’t even give birth to a second child. Some don’t even have a first child. Others don’t even get married because of economic pressure. Who do you want to reason with? The main force of childbearing now is the post-90s, and the average annual number of births in the 90s is 20 million. If 80% of post-90s give birth to a second child, the annual number of births should now be around 18 million. However, only 14.65 million people were born in 2019, and an estimated 12.5 million people were born in 2020. If this trend continues, the number of births will drop below 10 million in two years. In short, the current issue of giving birth is not a question of unwillingness to let go, but a question of not being able to afford it. The benefits of full liberalization may only be enjoyed by the rich. Anyway, if you have money, you can give birth to your family and your wealth is enough.