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At first I thought it sounded pretty good. After I understood the origin of each city, I realized that she has a deeper meaning. Geographically and historically. Gansu is located in northwestern China and runs across the Hexi Corridor from east to west. It was the key place and golden section of the ancient Silk Road. It was also the forefront of the Central Plains dynasty’s defense against nomads and the important place of the throat. Those who get the Hexi Corridor, the world is just a stone’s throw away. This means that the land of Gansu and the Hexi Corridor have always been battlegrounds for military strategists, and many cities were named after the ancient battles to settle the border areas. Behind every city in the Hexi Corridor has his heroic past. There are only four places in Gansu: Jiuquan, Wuwei, Dunhuang, and Zhangye. It is a dynasty, a generation of famous generals, a story of a golden horse and iron horse. After the fall of the Qin Dynasty, the Central Plains dynasty remained silent for a long time, nesting on the south bank of the Yellow River, looking up to Mobei. Silence will not exist forever. Finally, during the Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, the army of the Han Dynasty set out to Hexi, pointed at them with spears, swept across the desert, expelled the Huns, drank the horses in the sea, sealed the wolves to live in the Xu, and guarded the Hexi Corridor. And set up Jiuquan, Wuwei, Dunhuang, Zhangye, Hexi four counties, guarding the Hexi Corridor. Since then, the Hexi Corridor has been inseparable from the fate of the Central Plains Dynasty. Four counties in Hexi: Jiuquan: named after “there is a spring under the city, and its water is like wine”. Wuwei: Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was named for the martial arts power of the Han army. Dunhuang: “Dun” means “big”, and “huang” means “sheng”, which means grand and splendid. It is famous because of its wide opening of the Western Regions. Zhangye: It means “Zhang State’s arms are tucked into the Western Regions”, to open the arms of the Dahan and break the armpits of the Xiongnu. The generals Wei Qing, Huo Qubing, Li Guang, and Zhang Qian who created this legendary history have left a glorious and strong stroke in the long river of history. The connotations of these four place names are more of carrying the hope of countless soldiers who died on the battlefield. Since then, every hero with a far-reaching vision has set foot here. When we set our sights on the Sixteen Kingdoms Period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties and the Song Dynasty, we have to talk about the two cities of Pingliang and Dingxi. During the period of the Sixteen Kingdoms of Pingliang, Fu Jian, the former emperor of Qin, wanted to ask for Qianliang and set Pingliang County to mean “Pingding Liangguo”. The name of Pingliang began to appear in the annals of history. During the Dingxi Song Dynasty, Dingxi City was built, which means “An Ding Xibian”. Unfortunately, the Song Dynasty stopped in the Hexi Corridor and settled in a corner of the southwest. Later, in the third year of Emperor Jin Dynasty (1143), Xixian was established. Dingxi became famous. It can be seen that some cities in Gansu have been full of expectations since ancient times. Came to the Ming Dynasty in 1372, autumn. Jiayuguan. It has been four years since the Ming Dynasty was founded. The Mongolian forces in the Northern Yuan Dynasty who fled to the grasslands repeatedly violated the border. Hongwu Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang decided to send troops to Lingbei in an attempt to permanently resolve the threat of Beiyuan. This time, Xu Da, Li Wenzhong, and Feng Sheng each led the elite of the empire, fighting for thousands of miles, and their soldiers pointed directly at the Mongolian steppe desert. One of them, the West Road army, led by Feng Sheng, attacked Gansu and drove deep into the Hexi Corridor. It won seven battles and seven victories, and it was unstoppable, advancing Mobei. On the way home, Feng Sheng stopped at the foot of Jiayu Mountain. He looked up at the Qilian Mountain in the distance and remained silent for a long time. He decided to build a fortification here, consolidate the northwest border, and watch Mobei. Because it is located on Jiayu Mountain, it is named Jiayuguan. Since then, it has been recorded in the annals of history. Jiayu Pass was the starting point of the Ming Great Wall and an important pass to stop the invaders. Known as “Hexi Town” and “Border Lock Key”. Relying on this checkpoint to extend to the Western Regions to set up the Guanxi Seven Guards. Then in the late Qing Dynasty, which is the nearest to us, two celebrities once came to Jiayuguan and left behind them. Footprints. One is Lin Zexu, and the other is Zuo Zongtang. Back then, when the Qing court was suffering from internal and external troubles, when the fate of the empire was uncertain, Zuo Zongtang was from here, carrying the coffin, and leading the Hunan army to fight against Tsarist Russia and regain Xinjiang. , To consolidate the stability of the Northwest Frontier Fortress. Before leaving, Zuo Gong stood on the towering tower of Jiayuguan, and hand-written the words “The World’s No. 1 Xiongguan!” “To demonstrate power. Jiayuguan witnessed that great historical moment. Time and space travel, do not lose the predecessors, dare to teach Tsarist Russia not to enter the customs.” “It can be said that what happened in this land of Gansu is more the blood and sweat of generations. There are stories that left their legends and passed on. Finally, I recommend everyone to watch the documentary “Hexi Corridor” .


By zhiwo

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8 months ago

There is a historical allusion that Wei Qinghuo went to a sick horse to step on the Xiongnu to conquer the Hexi Corridor. Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty established Zhangye, the four counties of Hexi: Zhang State Arm Ye, to communicate with the Western Regions. Jiuquan: “There is a golden spring under the city, and its water is like wine.” According to legend, Huo Qubing once celebrated his merits by the Jinquan here, and he was called Jiuquan when he entered the spring with the soldiers and drank with the soldiers. Dunhuang: Dunhuang is the meaning of grand and splendid, and it is famous for its widening of the Western Regions. Wuwei: Wugong military prestige. Recommend to see the CCTV documentary “Hexi Corridor”

8 months ago

The names of the nine counties in Longnan are very interesting: Wenxian, Wudu, Chengxian, Kangxian, Huixian, Lixian, Xihe, Dangchang, Liangdang. —— Wen Wucheng Kang Huili and Chang Zhiyou Hei Dog’s comments mentioned the Western Zhou Dynasty, it seems that it was precisely: Wen Wang and Wu Wang established the country in two generations, and then You Cheng and Kang Zhizhi completely replaced the brutal barbarism of the Shang Dynasty and established the “order of etiquette”. Qiankun, happy heaven and earth” [1] of civilization. # As the comment said, maybe it was not deliberately done by the ancients? Many people think this is too reluctant… I originally thought that they are mutually interesting, but today I discovered that at least “Wen, Wu, Cheng, Kang” has a source, which is indeed the name given by the posthumous name of the Zhou Dynasty in the Ming Dynasty.

8 months ago

First of all, as a native of Gansu, I am very grateful to the subject of the favor and praise of our Gansu, thank you. As for the problem itself, I think the most likely reason is that Gansu’s economy and culture are too backward. The place name sounds good or not, this is a completely personal feeling, and this feeling has a very big relationship with a factor, that is, the feeling of strangeness, or the feeling of alienation. A name, when you hear it every day, after the cocoons are worn out in your ears, even if it is elegant and nice, you may not have a good impression on it. A name, as long as it is not too vulgar, when you rarely hear it, you may find it very amazing. In recent years, there have been many disputes over modern and ancient place names on the Internet. Many people think that many place names are not as good as ancient ones. This is actually the reason. It is not because our current government has no culture to change the name, but because the ancient place names have a sense of alienation for most people, so they feel good. The subject thinks Gansu’s place names are nice, and I think this is also the reason. Many other answers say that Gansu’s place names have origins and allusions. Brother, we have five thousand years of history. Which place has no allusion? No history? Is it Gansu alone? What’s more, it’s like “Longnan” in the example of the title. How can there be any allusions? But just because it is in southern Gansu. The problem in Gansu is that the economy and culture are too backward, so the chances of all parts of Gansu appearing in front of the people of the whole country are too low, so that most people feel alienated from the place names of Gansu, so they think it sounds good. As for the other provinces and regions with similar economic development to Gansu, such as Tibet and Qinghai, they happen to be places where ethnic minorities live in concentrated communities. Many place names are transliterated in minority languages, which are not related to Chinese culture, so no one thinks their place names are good.

8 months ago

There are historical reasons for this problem. During Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, with the assistance of Zhang Qian, Wei Qing, Huo Qubing (mainly this person) and others, Liu Che killed King Hunxie and King Xiutu of the Xiongnu (they killed one by killing each other, and the remaining one surrendered). Completely opened up the Hexi Corridor, allowing the circulation of Chinese and Western cultures and commodities. At the same time, a powerful empire, the Roman Empire, also emerged in the West. In order to maintain local stability and facilitate management, Liu Che established four Hexi counties: Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiuquan, and Dunhuang. Wuwei: Demonstrating the martial arts and military might of the Han Dynasty. Zhangye: Zhang Guojian tucked into the Western Regions. Jiuquan: There is a spring under the city, and its water is like wine. Dunhuang: refers to grand and brilliant. As for Jiayuguan, it was added later, and I don’t know the others.

8 months ago

It is indeed because of the backward economy and culture of Gansu that the “modern image” carried by these places is very weak, and it cannot replace the “historical image” of these places in people’s hearts. So that when you mentioned these place names, what appeared in your mind was the Hexi Corridor, Han and Tang Dynasties, Hollow Western Regions, Grottoes Murals, Great Wall… but you can’t think of any pictures related to modern times (except Jiuquan, because of aerospace). . A more extreme counterexample: the place name “Chengdu” has a history of more than two thousand years, and the allusion of “Three Years of Chengdu” has a longer history and a larger background. But Chengdu not only has a glorious past, but also has a glorious today. So when people mention Chengdu, The first thing that comes to mind is not Ji Han and Sima Xiangru, but hot pot tea house Mahjong. A more extreme counter-example: When it snows, Beijing becomes Peiping. I have seen people who think “Linyi is hard to hear, but Linzi is very good” in one sentence.

8 months ago

Lanzhou: Also known as Jincheng, Jincheng County was established in the Han Dynasty. It was thought of Jincheng Tangchi, and because it was under Gaolan Mountain, it was named Lanzhou. Strangers, please give a Lanzhou, the city in this folk song is beautiful no matter how good it is. Folk music bands such as wormwood and wild children are emerging in endlessly. The history of Chinese folk songs is mostly in Lanzhou. Dunhuang: Dun Zhe Da Ye Huang Zhe Sheng Ye, the ancient free trade port, Hong Kong on the land Silk Road, Dunhuang City under Mingsha Mountain, so it is also called Shazhou. The Eastern Louvre and the records of human civilization, more and more eyes are cast on Dunhuang, because this is the human Dunhuang. Jiuquan: Also known as Suzhou. In Han Dynasty, Huo Qubing poured wine into the spring and drank with the soldiers, and was named Jiuquan County. If the sky does not love wine, the wine star is not in the sky; if the earth does not love wine, the earth has no Jiuquan. The poet Li Bai once wrote a poem to praise Jiuquan. Today, China’s aerospace capital, the cradle of the petroleum industry, a demonstration base for new energy and half of China’s seed production industry. Zhangye: Also known as Ganzhou, Zhang’s arms lead to the Western Regions, the crossroads of grasslands and plateaus. There was a poem saying that “I don’t see the snow on the Qilian Mountains, and I mistaken Ganzhou for the south of the Yangtze River”; I once described it as a half-city reed and a half-city temple. Zhangye, it fully shows that the water resources here are abundant, which means that it is filled with the south of the Yangtze River. Today’s Great Northwest is in charge of the appearance, the site of the first World Expo in the Sui Dynasty, and it has all the landforms except the ocean. Wuwei: The Wu German army deterred the Huns and was designated as Wuwei County. The active area of ​​ancient humans, the one who carried forward the Qi family culture. Guzang, Xiutu, Yongzhou, and Liangzhou are all other names here. The third largest city in China during the Wu and Zhou Dynasties, the ancient capital of the Six Dynasties in the northwest, and the center of the northwest for a thousand years. The city of wine, China’s tourism landmark, the largest Ferris wheel in the northwest, Gansu’s county-level unit with the most population outside of Lanzhou is Liangzhou District, and it continues to top the top ten counties in Gansu except Lanzhou.
Pingliang: The east gate of Gansu, the first city of Chang’an to the west, the former Qin Fujian pacified Liangzhou, hence the name. Longnan: This is the real Longshang Jiangnan, the land of nine counties, Longshang Jiangnan has a pleasant climate, the first capital of the Qin people in Li County, the hometown of Fuxi in the west and under Qiuchi Mountain, the ancient Qiang State of Dangchang, and the ancient Die State of Qiuchi. Zhang Fei used to guard Wudu, and Zhuge Liang used to sit in Qishan of Zhenli County. Water resources are abundant. In ancient times, it was also called Jiezhou, Chengzhou, Wenzhou, Dangzhou, etc., corresponding to today’s Wudu, Chengxian, Wenxian, and Dangchang counties. The ancient town of Bikou is the only ancient town in the south of the Yangtze River in Gansu. The Bailong River passes through it. The whole area belongs to the Yangtze River Basin. This is the real Longshang Jiangnan. Jiayuguan: Jiayuguan under Jiayu Mountain, the westernmost end of the Great Wall in Ming Dynasty, Gobi Steel City, is an emerging immigrant city and the largest steel company in the northwest. China Post’s iconic postman map out the land, and Fangte, the largest amusement park in the northwest, is also located here, the second largest city in Gansu by urban construction area.

8 months ago

It’s really beautiful in that era. Gansu is not an area where we have been active since the Shang and Zhou dynasties, and there are not so many ancient place names that require textual research to the Book of Songs and other distant classical books. On the contrary, these place names basically reflect the state of mind when the Han Empire was opened up. And that high-spirited spirit is one of the best in China for five thousand years. Zhangye, Zhang Guoyi tucked in arms, with the Wuwei of the Western Regions, the Wugong Army of Dunhuang, and the grand splendor, even arrogant and arrogant. The strong man’s posture is overwhelming. Some high praise friends in Gansu humbly said that because Gansu’s economy is not good and people pay less attention to it, so it feels beautiful. In fact, the place names of Gansu represent the most beautiful era in China, the kind of self-confidence and pride after persevering, going through hardships, defeating powerful enemies, and opening up the territory. This pride is rare in place names in other parts of China. As an old Shaan, every time I see the long and narrow Hexi Corridor in Gansu on the map, and imagine the journey across half of China from Xi’an to Xinjiang, I feel full of pride.

8 months ago

Wuwei, abbreviated as “liang”, “liang” and “yong”, was called Liangzhou, Yongzhou and Guzang in ancient times. It is really a beautiful small city, which has been quietly standing in the northwest for many years. Compared with the name Wuwei, “Liangzhou” is more familiar. After all, Wang Zhihuan’s Liangzhou Ci is an ancient poem hh in junior high schools. Liangzhou District is a prefecture-level district under Wuwei. There are three counties and one district in Wuwei. Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty sent Huo Qubing, a general of hussars, on an expedition to Hexi, defeating the Xiongnu, and named Wuwei for Zhang Qi’s “Wu Gongjun Wei”. The national tourism symbol-Ma Ting Feiyan came from Wuwei. The people of Wuwei now call themselves “horse treading pneumonia”, but it is true that no one in Wuwei has been infected. ps SARS Wuwei is also no one feels, the town is too comfortable. The sky in Wuwei is always so blue, and a sunny day always makes people inexplicably happy. After the snow, Wuwei was clean and spotless. The streets of Wuwei are always clean, and there are many sanitation workers in the small town who guard the city. During the Chinese New Year, the government will hang small lanterns and red lanterns on the main streets of the city to feel like walking in a fairy tale. Standing on the balcony at home and looking down, it has a New Year atmosphere, and it is very lively and beautiful. I didn’t see it this year due to the epidemic, so I was a little lost. Welcome to Wuwei to play acridine, the treasure town. There are a lot of delicious and cultural heritage. It’s just that the publicity is not strong enough, everyone doesn’t know.

8 months ago

Don’t be shrewd, just talk about history. Gansu was a pass where troops were sent to conquer the Great Northwest and even Central Asia during the heyday of the ancient Chinese dynasty. It was also a key corridor of the ancient Silk Road, the famous “Hexi Corridor”. The place names here in the Hexi Corridor are closely related to the ancient Central Plains dynasty’s conquest of the Central Asian nations and the use of the Silk Road; the history of Gansu is the history of the Chinese nation’s magnificent conquest (invasion) and conquest (omission) of the Western Regions. In the red circle is the long and narrow Hexi Corridor, which is also the only passage for the Central Plains forces to go west. On the left is the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Anyone who has been there knows that it is a undulating Gobi that can’t be turned over empty-handed, let alone transporting troops and food. On the right are endless mountains and deserts, a lonely place not suitable for human survival. Only the Hexi Corridor has a livable climate and abundant water and grass, especially suitable for the survival and development of the descendants of Yan and Huang. Looking at the satellite images, we can also see that there are vast expanses of white space on both sides of Gansu, which means that there are no green plants and insufficient rainfall, and humans cannot survive. Gansu (ancient Hexi Corridor) is sandwiched in the middle, green and in sharp contrast with the sides. In ancient times, northern China was an endless grassland. After a disaster, nomads would come to burn, kill, and looting. The northern grasslands were mostly bitter and cold. The Central Plains Dynasty was based on agriculture and had no interest in occupying the grasslands. Therefore, the basic strategy of the Central Plains Dynasty is defensive in nature. For example, Xiuing the Great Wall to prevent nomadic harassment and using customs trade to control the economy of grassland tribes has become the first national policy to deal with grassland nomads. The farming dynasty also thought about eradicating the nomads once and for all, and forever eliminating the future troubles. For example, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty thought so. Of course, this is very difficult, because the nomads’ lifestyle is to nomadize everywhere, and riding horses is a daily routine. It is also the daily operation of nomads to grab if you win or run if you don’t win. The farming dynasty relied on two feet or chariots, and it was impossible to catch up. If you want to completely solve the nomadic side problems, you have to start with the cavalry, and use the cavalry to counterbalance the cavalry. Then you have to raise your own horses. Therefore, the ancient dynasty thought of a countermeasure, which was to use Gansu Pass as a base to encourage troops, farmland, and horse grazing. Gansu also became the most important horse breeding base of the ancient dynasty. The Central Plains dynasty went to the east and has opened up to the sea. The endless Pacific Ocean was not of interest to the ancient Central Plains dynasty, because without farmland, there would be no benefit. To the south, there is a rainforest in Southeast Asia where the miasma and plagues are rampant. It is hot and humid. The ancient Central Plains did not like such a climate and did not have the motivation to emigrate. The most is to include Vietnam, Burma, Cambodia, Thailand and other places as protected countries and collect tributaries. After all, the people there are not wealthy. But the northwest direction is different. There is the Silk Road, leading to the mysterious Central Asia and the West. There are many important trade towns along the Silk Road, and the economy is prosperous. Gansu is also the land of Longxing in China. For example, the Yanhuang tribe has flourished here, so it is impossible to give up. When the Central Plains dynasty was in its heyday, after resolving internal border problems, it would pass through the Hexi Corridor, exit Jiayuguan Pass in the west, and travel through Central Asia to ensure the absolute safety of the Silk Road. For nothing else, it is because the Silk Road can make a lot of money in foreign trade (as it is today). If you have money, you can buy horses, raise soldiers, and occupy more cultivated land. Who doesn’t like it? On the whole, Gansu played a pivotal role in the ancient Chinese dynasty. Gansu itself is a terrain that is easy to defend and difficult to attack, and it can be defended at a very low cost. For example, the establishment of Jiayu Pass and Yumen Pass is for this purpose. Defending Gansu can ensure that the core part of the Central Plains is not threatened by foreign forces in the Northwest, and can be attacked and defended. In order to navigate the Silk Road, the Central Plains Dynasty also cultivated a large number of horse-raising bases on the front lines of Gansu. The purpose was to train the Cavalry of the Central Plains Dynasty and lay a material foundation for its westward travel and westward travel. So why are there so many nice names in Gansu? Because all dynasties have attached great importance to Gansu, Gansu also has a very important military and economic strategic position. Gansu Bao, Wang Chaoan; Gansu lost, the dynasty is in danger. It is precisely because of Gansu’s strategic position that the famous frontier poets in ancient times left many heroic poems and songs here. Therefore, place names in Gansu often have a profound sense of history. With the advent of the marine economy, Gansu seems to be in decline, and its economy is lagging behind the coastal areas. However, the new national policy is “One Road, One Belt,” and the strategic position of cities along Gansu has once again been highlighted. Gansu’s revival is just around the corner.

8 months ago

The name of Gansu probably sounds good, but it is too difficult to read. A place name that cannot be understood through modern thinking will be literally illiterated by the locals if you are not careful. Every place is a monument, and every city wall was once a battlefield. For example, the Nancheng Gate Tower in Wuwei City still has the word “Liangzhou” written on it (it always makes me feel like I am in Beiliang with “Snowy Knife”). Passing downstairs from the ancient city gate, it seems that I can still I heard the echoes of the fighting from thousands of years ago. Gansu Province is located in northwest China and the upper reaches of the Yellow River. Referred to as Gan, the provincial capital Lanzhou City. Because most of the province is west of Longshan Mountain, the Tang Dynasty once set up Longyou Road, also referred to as Long. Spring and Autumn belong to Qin and Xi Rong. Qin set up two counties in Longxi and Beidi, and the western part belonged to Yueshi. Han is Liangzhou. Longyou Road was built in Tang Dynasty and belonged to Guannei and Shannan Roads. In the early Song Dynasty, it belonged to Shaanxi Road, and later it was divided into Qinfeng Road, which also belonged to Yongxing Jun Road, and part of it belonged to Xixia. Yuan belongs to the province of Shaanxi, and later divided into the province of Gansu, named after the first two states of Ganzhou (Zhangye) and Suzhou (Jiuquan). Ming belongs to the Chief Minister of Shaanxi. Cleared Gansu Province. Pick a few (very) (very) distinctive ones and talk about it; Meimei Yiwan Niu Da [Lanzhou City] Jincheng County was established in the Western Han Dynasty, and Lanzhou was established in the third year of Emperor Kaihuang in the Sui Dynasty (583). “Shiming of prefectures and counties”: “There is Gaolan Mountain in the south of the state, and the Wangshan of the state. It is high and solid, winding from left to right, like Zhang Liangye; east and west ring Gongzhou city, extending twenty-five li, Sui Zhi In the second year of Sui Yining (618), the county was changed to Wuquan County. After Tang Tianbao, it was abolished into Tubo. In the Northern Song Dynasty, Yuanfengzhong was regained. Lanquan County was placed in Chongning and Lanquan County was placed in Lanzhou in the Qing Dynasty. Gaolan County is the prefecture of Lanzhou. In 1941, Lanzhou was established and analyzed, and in 1949 it was a prefecture-level city. (I think Jincheng has more flavor) Statue of Mother River; [Jiayuguan City] In 1965, Jiuquan County and Sunan Yugu Autonomous County set up Jiayuguan City. Named after Jiayuguan, the foothills of Jiayu Mountain were set in the fifth year of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty (1372). In 1971, it was upgraded to a prefecture-level city. The first Xiongguan in the world; [Jinchang City] Fanhe County was established in the Han Dynasty, Yongchangwei in the Ming Dynasty, and Yongchang County in the Qing Dynasty. In 1981, Jinchang City was established. Named after each of Jinchuanxia and Yongchang counties, the territory is rich in rare metal resources. Jinchang is the capital of nickel. Yongchang County] Fanhe County was established in the Western Han Dynasty, and it was abolished into Tubo after the mid-Tang Dynasty. In the fifteenth year of Yuanzhiyuan (1278), Yongchang Road was set up. “Reading History and Fangyu Minutes”: “It is named after the palace of King Yongchang.” It was named Yongchangwei in the Ming Dynasty, and it was changed to Yongchang County in the third year of Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty (1725). [Baiyin City] During the Hongwu period of the Ming Dynasty, a mining organization “Baiyin Factory” was set up, named after it was rich in silver (it was changed to rich in copper after friends in the comment area). In 1958, the two counties of Jingyuan and Gaolan were analyzed and Baiyin City was established. In 1963, it was withdrawn and the prefecture-level city was restored in 1985.

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