“The economic burden is heavy”, “No one takes children”, “Bringing up children is too troublesome”… Lin Yong, a representative of the National People’s Congress and a professor at South China Normal University, suggested that through vigorous development of 0~3 year-old infant care services, kindergarten education can be fully integrated into the country The scope of compulsory education can alleviate the worries of family education and raising children.

Mi Bao entered the kindergarten when he was 8 months old, and has now graduated from the kindergarten. 1. Full support for the development of full-time kindergartens at the age of 0 to 3 years old. This must be Professor Lin’s suggestion, praise! Many parents feel this way. After giving birth, if they insist on taking care of their own children, they will face the pressure to return to the workplace. Moreover, the general pregnancy leave and maternity leave do not exceed 6 months in total. Therefore, new parents will have to choose to resign, leave without pay (this is a good company policy) and so on. Of course, this will bring about some new problems: after resignation, the family income has dropped sharply; on the other hand, the sharp increase in the cost of raising children is a very important family decision for many families. If there are full-time childcare institutions that provide 6 months to 3 years of age, even childcare institutions for 1-3 years old, then it is definitely a benefit for these families. 2. One of the supporting problems that need to be solved: The time period for enrolling in the nursery takes into account many double-employees in families. The working hours of adults are generally from 9 to 5, so childcare institutions can open a time slot: 7 am to 6 pm, so that, The problem of picking up and dropping off children in part of families can be realized; and teachers can be divided into morning and evening classes. Of course, try not to take your child from the earliest to the latest. After all, young children need the company of their parents. But this at least provides many families with more choices. Third, the second problem that needs to be solved: the supervision of qualified managers and teachers. We all know that the younger the child, the more the adult needs to take care of it. Before they can fully express themselves, not only the teacher needs to understand the psychological and physical characteristics of the corresponding age group, but also the personnel and hardware facilities of the kindergarten institution. For example, the younger the child, the fewer children a teacher can take, because every baby needs the teacher’s great energy, such as feeding, warming milk, changing diapers, etc.; in addition, the diaper changing table is used to train children to use Children’s toilets in the toilet, young toys, and a space for young children to play alone. We occasionally see some negative news about kindergartens, so government supervision is very important. 4. The third problem that needs to be solved: the government’s support for such low-age infant care institutions requires a lot of manpower, financial and material resources. If the government can get support, then it will be for the society, the family, and the children themselves. They are all things that benefit all.


By zhiwo

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7 months ago

Compulsory education is a public welfare education guaranteed by the state. It is a system of compulsory education for school-age children and young people for a certain number of years in accordance with the provisions of the law. Note that it is mandatory, that is, all children must go to kindergarten. Then this system will be inflexible. If some parents do not want their children to enter the kindergarten, what should they do? There is no chance of choice. It is hoped that the regulations on compulsory education in kindergartens can be weighed against the interests of parents in this regard. Well, the controversial issue is resolved, and the focus is on money. Take a kindergarten in Nan’an as an example: the total number of enrollment in the small class in the fall of 2018 is 426, 402 in 2019, and 612 in 2020, while the annual enrollment plan is only 230. And this is just a kindergarten. @涵兔Sylvia’s answer mentioned that this year it is only in Haidian District. According to the number of public kindergarten places and the number of children of the age of entering kindergartens, there are about three thousand children who have no places. What we are facing is a situation where there are too many monks and porridge, and the supply exceeds demand. If you want to change, you have to expand the kindergarten, and you need money to expand the kindergarten, and more than just one. There are many factors to consider when expanding a kindergarten, such as whether the surrounding environment can satisfy the expansion. Well, if the problem of the shortage of degrees is solved, then enter the problem of children’s tuition. The issue of whether compulsory education is implemented in high schools and kindergartens has always been a controversial topic. Why is compulsory education not offered in high schools? Because of the money. The current medical marketization and education marketization are only proposed because there is not enough money for doctors and teachers. Hospitals are afraid that good doctors will leave the public to enter the private sector, and medical resources are becoming increasingly unbalanced. Those who are rich take money to continue their lives, but those who have no money can only wait for the state to provide more welfare guarantees. Teachers who are afraid of good learning will leave the public and enter the private sector. Educational resources are not balanced. Those who are rich use money to buy education.

7 months ago

It is hoped that kindergartens can also reach all school-age children, and tuition fees will be appropriately reduced. That is, what we most hope to solve is the problem of [difficult and expensive admission]. These two issues also have an immeasurable impact on the current two-child and multiple-child birth policy. So, for so many years, kindergarten education is still not included in compulsory education. What is the difficulty? The difficulty lies in the last feature of compulsory education. We must take into account the compulsory nature of compulsory education. As written in the answer, as far as parents are concerned, once kindergarten education becomes compulsory, admission to kindergarten becomes mandatory, and the admission age will be set stricter and clearer. Many families may lack the freedom to choose. For the existing public kindergarten resources and kindergarten teachers, if children are really forced to enter the kindergarten, the current teachers are simply not enough. This year, Beijing’s children’s admission to kindergartens is already oversaturated. When I called the Board of Education for inquiries (the reason for the call was written below), the staff told me frankly: “This year only in Haidian District, judging by the number of public kindergartens and the number of children at the age of admission, there are about 3,000 children There is no quota.”

7 months ago

For families, parents can have more energy to build the motherland, hehe. If the early childhood stage is included in compulsory education, firstly, the financial pressure on parents can be significantly reduced, and secondly, parents can save the trouble of choosing a school. I remember when our child was in kindergarten, one day early in the morning, there were 4 people in our family. I, my husband, my child’s grandmother, and grandfather used their WeChat to grab reports on their mobile phones. My husband and I were both mobile phones and computers. A chance to enter the kindergarten in my own community in seconds. In the end, we can only think of the curve to save the country and go to a kindergarten farther away. The kindergarten’s tuition fee + meals and other expenses mentioned above are 3050 per month. If a year is calculated based on 10 months, it will cost more than 30,000. If it can be included in compulsory education, we can save 90,000 oceans in early childhood. The second-child families around us can save 180,000. And the public park around us that can’t get in is less than 500 per month. This gap is clear at a glance.

7 months ago

Difficulty in choosing schools for children has given birth to many small and micro kindergartens, and there are many “family gardens” around me. It is to run kindergartens in residential buildings. The level of such kindergartens is uneven. We have a very conscientious family garden run by a friend, which strictly controls the number of children and carefully accompanies them. And some home gardens use the banner of parenting, but they are actually collecting money. The more children are the better, and they never refuse, without considering whether their own business ability can accept so many children. The level of the teachers employed varies from good to bad. Even the unemployed relative of the head of the kindergarten has become a kindergarten teacher. The patient exchanges between such kindergarten institutions and the children and the professional aspects of early childhood education are out of control. But it is precisely this kind of kindergarten that collects money, and they can generally grasp the pain points of their parents. For example, the pick-up and drop-off can be delayed, for example, it can be flexibly withdrawn, it can be delayed for a month, half a month or even by the day. If it is included in compulsory education, more children will inevitably enter formal kindergartens, and they will no longer be wronged by family gardens with poor standards (except for good ones). They will receive more professional education and get to know more children of the same age. Conducive to its social development. Don’t think that children are still young and don’t understand anything. They are also using their little eyes and heads to understand and explore this society, and to find ways to integrate into this society. A good kindergarten can provide such a platform.

7 months ago

Since it is compulsory education, it means that the national level bears a large part of the expenditure. Calculated according to the general situation around us: public kindergarten: 500 yuan/month, private kindergarten: 2,600 yuan/month, a child needs a national subsidy of 2,100 yuan per month. Based on the number of 10.35 million newborns in 2020, the state spends approximately 2.1 million yuan each year. If the birth rate rises, expenditures will need to increase. At this stage, the implementation of compulsory education in elementary schools in remote mountain areas still has certain difficulties. We all know that, at this stage, our educational resources are obviously tilted like first-line and other developed regions. In some remote areas, let alone famous teachers, even ordinary teachers can’t recruit. The coverage of compulsory education in primary schools in some remote areas is still under great pressure, so it is not easy to cover early childhood education. I still remember that a roommate chose to support the education back then. After the support education ended, she said with emotion that the children there needed her too much, but unfortunately she did not stay in the end and went to the embrace of the big city. This is the status quo. To solve these problems, the government needs financial and human support, and there is a long way to go.

7 months ago

Compared with the “divorce cooling-off period”, “second-child subsidy”, and “extended maternity leave”, is it true that the scale, regularization, and compulsory education of kindergartens are really the means to promote birth? This is not for the children, or it is mainly for the children’s parents, grandparents, and grandparents. As for the difficulties, what are the special difficulties of increasing jobs, helping postpartum mothers to return to work, and regularizing early childhood education? There is no need to say, “Children should play, what education?!” Everyone who has been engaged in early childhood education knows that the work of early childhood education is to take care of children, by the way, teach themselves to take care of themselves, speak, and count. Except for the common difficulties at the beginning of any industry, this is all good.

7 months ago

The inclusion of kindergartens in compulsory education is currently unlikely, or even the point. At present, the most important thing is to standardize kindergarten teaching and increase the number of public kindergartens. Only when these two items are done well, can kindergartens be included in the basis of compulsory education. Compulsory education in kindergartens, I can think of the following questions: 1. Will there be a “kindergarten school district room” situation. When everyone is at the same starting line, will parents come from other places to provide “extracurricular tutoring” to their children? This situation exists at present, but it is not serious. Compulsory education in kindergartens is likely to promote the atmosphere. 2. Financial expenditures will be very exaggerated. Take Shanghai as an example. There are 17 public kindergartens with 40 teachers. As long as each student pays 500 yuan per month, 30 students in each class can also support the salary of a teacher. In one year, the school’s only salary expenditure is 2 million +. How many schools in the country, the money is not a small amount, who will pay? How come out? 3. If kindergarten is compulsory education, it is mandatory. I can’t judge whether this compulsion is good or bad. Personally, I still hope that kindergartens can be more free. The above does not mean that I am opposed to the compulsory education of kindergartens, but that it is currently unrealistic to talk about it. Regulating kindergarten teaching and increasing the number of public kindergartens are indeed urgent tasks.

7 months ago

It is necessary to extend compulsory education to the kindergarten stage. And it is necessary to connect the time of the kindergarten admission with maternity leave. “Building kindergartens” and “park kindergartens” should also be set up, and childcare facilities should be set up near the working place of office workers. And passed legislation to extend the “feeding time”, allowing parents of young children to leave work an hour earlier to take care of their children. Rural areas should not be a blind spot for childcare services. At present, the proportion of rural mothers working away from home is very high, and there is a great demand for childcare services. In some rural areas, the provision of childcare services has become an opportunity for the expansion of underground religious organizations. The difficulty is money. The first is to suggest that the public preschool education system should be expanded and increased. The second is to implement flexible standards for construction of parks based on local conditions to mobilize the enthusiasm of all sectors of society to run parks.

7 months ago

First of all, I would like to express my attitude. I agree that kindergartens should be included in compulsory education for the following reasons. 1. At present, the birth rate of the national population is decreasing. If you want to promote fertility and increase your willingness to give birth, you must introduce relevant preferential policies. Incorporating kindergartens into compulsory education is one of the relevant preferential policies. Now my family, Xiaobao, bought a school district room and went to a public kindergarten. The tuition fee for a semester is more than 5,000, which is tens of thousands a year. Dabao’s private establishment was nearly 30,000 a year. Of course it is good to be able to save. 2. Now kindergarten education is uneven. Many private kindergartens charge extremely high fees, and some kindergarten teachers are of low quality, such as beating and scolding young children, feeding mustard, acupuncture, and even red, yellow and blue incidents. Incorporating kindergarten and compulsory education will inevitably include kindergarten teachers in the career establishment, thereby improving the quality of kindergarten teachers. It is too important to improve the bottom line. 3. If you want workers to implement 996 better, or if you want parents to work with peace of mind and contribute to the country, they must solve their worries. It is the wish of many parents to allow their children to go to public kindergartens and receive decent childcare. If education can be universalized and become compulsory, more parents will be assured. 4. After kindergartens become compulsory education, many kindergarten teacher positions can be added. Some undergraduates and even postgraduates are willing to go to kindergartens to reduce dimensionality. At the same time, colleges and universities can open more preschool education majors. To a certain extent, the problem of entering a higher education and employment has been solved. 5. Compulsory education is compulsory education. I think compulsory education is good! Most families still let their children go to kindergarten. Children who are not allowed to go to kindergarten are either specially wealthy private tutors, or those who have family difficulties or do not pay much attention to children. If children over three years of age are forced to receive compulsory kindergarten education, it will reduce many domestic child abuse behaviors and also Give young children a better protection. In addition, compulsory education is paid by the state and does not require tuition, which can better protect children from poor families.

7 months ago

Both hands and feet agree with the proposal of the National People’s Congress for issuing education vouchers. Representative Lin Yong’s proposal for issuing education vouchers to families with second children. I raised my hands to support them. Why? If a family has several children, these few Children actually don’t spend much at the compulsory education stage. After all, they have financial support from the state, but they spend more at the kindergarten stage, especially when there is no suitable public kindergarten around, or the children of migrant workers move into the kindergarten, and the cost is relatively high. At this time, there are a few education vouchers, which can save part of the money, which is a great welfare and can reduce the burden of poor parents. The children will not be sent back to their hometowns because they can’t afford to go to kindergarten in the city, reducing the number of left-behind children. quantity. (Everyone should be able to understand how much left-behind children feel.) Kindergartens can receive subsidies from the education department or the financial department with the used education vouchers, which ensures the normal operation of the kindergartens and is also the state’s financial support for preschool education. If a family is in better condition, has a few children, and can choose a more suitable kindergarten, then he can not use this education voucher to reduce the financial burden of the country. Therefore, education vouchers are really prepared for those in need.

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