I compiled the life’s painstaking experiences of 25 writers, read them over and over again, and strongly recommend the collection. In an interview in 1954, George Plimpton (a well-known American actor/screenwriter) asked Hemingway: “To be an aspiring writer, what is the best way to hone it?” Hemingway said, go out and take a look. Take a break by yourself. It’s not that hard to write well. The most important thing is to streamline what you see and hear, and keep the energy you need to create for the rest of your life. At least it is necessary to take the fancy thing as the beginning of creation. “So how can we improve writing thinking and ability from the inside out, instead of repeatedly entangled in the superficial words? The following content is from 25 experience sharing of several well-known writers, 1. On just sitting down and doing it one Sit down and start writing. Don’t just spend a long time working on the draft, write the plan in your head-go write it. Only by writing truthfully, rather than daydreaming about writing, can we cultivate Our own style.——PD James: British detective writer, won the 2004 Allan Poe Prize for Detective Novels, author of “The Lighthouse” etc. 2. On starting before you’re ready, completely discard “write after you are mentally prepared “Thinking like this, the antagonistic psychology is like this: When we keep thinking about “preparing and preparing” but never act, this is just to make excuses for our own procrastination. When we are uncertain, we will There is a rebellious psychology. You have to be fully prepared before you start to act.——Steven Pressfield: Best-selling novelist, author of “Legend of Bagh Vance”, “Fire Gate”, “War of Art” 3, On Finding your routine is about finding the most suitable writing time to find out the best writing time of your day to write. Don’t let anything disturb you. It doesn’t matter if the kitchen is messy or not.-Esther Freud: Psychology Master West The great-granddaughter of Gmund Freud, was selected by Grant Magazine as one of the best young British novelists. 4. On unplugging is aware of all possible obstacles, such as working on a disconnected computer.——Zadie Smith: British female writer, author of the novel “On the Beauty” 5. On finding a subject, choose a topic and think about a topic that you also care about, and other people will also care about it. Remember, no matter how heartfelt you use it Expressing emotions, for readers, unless it is the subject they really care about, otherwise they will not care too much, and only the subject is the reader’s most real concern. So, pay attention to your subject instead of finding a way to show yourself Play word games. (I’m not trying to force you to write novels. If you are really interested in a certain topic, you can write your thoughts and I won’t interfere.) For example, there is a Dadong, the letter of complaint you write to the mayor needs to be sincere. For example, if you write a love letter to a neighbor’s girl, you need to be sincere.——Kurt Vonnegut: Kurt Vonnegut, known as American black A representative of humorous literature, co-called with Mark Twain

On keeping your thoughts organized, organize your usual notes and materials into an organized theme; then continue to update and supplement (if you are extracting good materials, you must learn something from them, not blindly Copy, let yourself grow); believe in yourself: no matter how good someone else’s topic is, if it has been used by others, stop writing it. When you are writing, someone will inevitably provide some good ideas to solve the problem. At this time, as long as it can help you solve the problem, you need to try it, unless the following circumstances: 1) I already know and are already using it 2) There is no actual effect, and time does not allow-Maryn McKenna: “Global Science “Columnist 7, On the importance of having an outline. The importance of writing an outline is drawn up as a clue for writing. Of course, you can re-adjust the outline midway, but don’t start writing and then consider the structure: the structure needs to be thought out first. When you can’t predict when you can complete the entire work, the outline will help you write 1,000 more words. ——Bill Wasik: Harper’s magazine editor 8. On getting through that first draft, quickly digest and write the initial idea. After writing the first draft, put your mind on the structure of the following text. Never go back and entangle again. idea and first draft. Indeed, when I was writing the last page of the first draft of “Lincoln’s Melancholy,” I had a rough framework. But I wasted many years before, and when I wrote 1/3 or 1/2 of the first draft, I struggled once. If you don’t write well, write again. Experienced writers warn us: have the courage to write down. ——Joshua Wolf Shenk: American writer, author of “The Real Lincoln” 9. On being disciplined writing norms (maintain self-discipline), take writing as a job and do it in strict accordance with the work norms. Many writers are somewhat obsessive-compulsive about this. Graham Greene (Graham Greene, author of “My Own World”, “The End of Affection”, “The Factor of Human Nature”, “Brighton Hard Candy”, “The Third Party”, etc.) write 500 words a day And famous. Jean Plaidy (who has created many works under multiple pen names) can write 5,000 words before lunch, and then spend the afternoon writing letters back to readers. My bottom line is 1000 words a day-sometimes it’s easy to do, and sometimes, to be honest, it’s like constipation, but I still sit at the workbench until I’m done, because I know I’m doing it step by step. Advance my book. Those 1,000 words may be rubbish—they often do. But then, when you come back to these rubbish words one day in the future, it will be much easier to polish them up. ——Sarah Waters: Author of “City of Thorns”, “Half of the Body”, “Lick the Velvet”, “Night Watch”, etc. 10. On being willing to write badly, it’s not a big deal. It’s normal to write badly, nothing The big deal. Many people are afraid of writing it badly. It is precisely because of this idea that I wrote such a bad article. Don’t think so, if you think you can write it well. For me, everything is difficult at the beginning. Be confident and don’t burden yourself too much, because you can’t guarantee to write good things all the time. Writers are accustomed to accepting successful works. I think this is the cause of the psychological barrier that many writers worry about writing. For example: When you find that you have not written well, you should have the mentality of writing what you can write first. When I was writing “Keep” (formerly known as “The Keep”), I wrote very badly. My work diary described this first draft as a terrible short novel. I thought at the time: too disappointing. –Jennifer Egan: American writer, author of the 2011 Nobel Prize-winning novel “Visit of the Villain” 11. On fear is about fear and fearlessness. Although it’s impossible, let the small fears drive you to rewrite, and put the bigger fears aside until they act-then use them, maybe even describe them. Too much terror will make you silent. ——AL Kennedy: Scottish novelist, author of “Heaven”, “Everything You Need”, etc. 12. On not looking back. Before writing the complete text, do not check back until you write a complete draft. Start with the last sentence of your previous day. This can prevent complacency, and it also means that you have a tangible result before you actually start working. ——Will Self: British novelist of the new generation. His main works include “The Great Ape”, etc. 13. On building up your ability to concentrate, cultivate concentration. In a private contact, writer Raymond Chandler told me a secret, even if he doesn’t write every day , Will sit quietly at the table, meditating. I understand his intention. Chandler is honing himself to have greater endurance and perseverance. This daily training is essential to him. –Haruki Murakami: Haruki Murakami, Japanese novelist and American literary translator. Author of “Norwegian Forest” 14. On the power of multiple projects. Master the ability to handle multiple tasks at the same time. There must be more than one idea at any time. If I have to choose between writing a book and doing nothing, I always choose the latter. Only when I have an idea for two books, I will choose one of them to write. I always feel like I am running away. ——Geoff Dyer: Author of “Moments in Progress”, “Paris Trance”, etc. 15. On who to hang out with a circle of friends will have a certain impact on you. Don’t mix with your opposition. But it also needs to have its own social circle. Ideally, the writing friends in your circle are good, and they will give you the most pertinent suggestions and ideas. But the best way to become a writer is to write honestly. –Augusten Burroughs: American writer, author of “Deep Depression” 16. On feedback Remember: When people tell you something is wrong or inappropriate for them, they are almost always right. However, when they tell you they are sure where there must be a problem or how to remedy it precisely, they are almost always wrong. ——Neil Gaiman: Fantasy writer, author of the “Sleep God” series, etc. 17. After On second readers are finished, find others to read your own book. It’s not as naive as you read the beautiful front page of a new book. Because I wrote it myself. You already know everything. Also know the mystery of magic. So before you show it to anyone in the publishing industry, ask a friend or two to read it. Unless you want to break up, don’t find your date to do it. ——Margaret Atwood: Canadian writer, poet, critic, feminist, social activist 18. On others’ fame and success inspire yourself with the excellence and achievements of others Try to imagine that the luck of others is an inspiration to yourself. ——Richard Ford: American writer, author of “Sports Reporter” and the sequel “Independence Day”, etc. 19. On when to stop, when you stop and rest, you can completely relax and finish the day’s writing volume when you want to continue. ——Helen Dunmore: British poet, novelist, and children’s writer 20. On getting stuck If you are blocked in writing, leave your desk. Go for a walk, write a bath, sleep, make a pie, listen to music, meditate, do exercise; whatever you do, don’t stare at the problem. But don’t call or go to parties; if this is the case, what others say will affect you more or less, so you have to make some choices and create some space for yourself. Be patient. ——Hilary Mantel: Booker Prize winner in 2009, author of works such as “Wolf Hall” 21. On things getting out of control. Prepare for emergencies and plan to keep up with changes. In many cases, things will become uncontrollable overnight. For example, the unexpected is like a growing lion. You must visit it every day to regain the initiative. If you miss a day’s work, then you will be very worried about facing it again. When you regroup to look at it, you need to hold a chair to prevent accidents, and then call out: Simba! ——Annie Dillard: American writer, author of Pulitzer Prize-winning “The Sky by the Creek”, etc. 22. On writing when the going gets tough, what to do if you encounter a bottleneck. Even if the world becomes a mess, you still keep writing. . You don’t need cigarettes, no silence, no music, no comfortable chairs, or peaceful surroundings when you write. All you need is 10 minutes and a set of writing utensils. ——Cory Doctorow: Canadian science fiction writer and technological activist 23. On doing all that you can do everything. I believe that a good writer still needs to stick to his own opinions and does not need to be “told” anything. Just think about what you plan and try your best to do it. Once you have done everything you need to do, you can publish it to the public. But I found that young writers don’t think so. After they have written the first draft, they will first ask for advice on how to complete the final draft. So I told myself never to do this. I will still stick to my original intention. Because I gradually realized that no one can give me any good advice, as long as I try my best to write the best, if I find that it is not perfect enough, one day I will compromise. ——Chinua Achebe: Nigerian writer, known as the “father of modern African literature” 24. On persevering about perseverance. When I was doing something, I was completely exhausted and lost my soul. I insisted for 5 minutes without any When it makes sense, it will force yourself: then start writing. A miracle happened, and the writing changed everything before, or at least it seemed that everything was going well. ——Joyce Carol Oates: Author of “Them”, “The Disappearing Mother” and other works 25, On why none of this advice really matters Go write a book. Whether you use a pen or typing, the key is to actually write something. ——Anne Enright: Irish writer, winner of the Booker Prize in 2007, her debut short story collection “Portable Virgin” won the Ruray Prize for Literature


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7 months ago

Who can write when you are happy, not because you can’t do anything about the world. The less carefully portrayed characters are more interesting, and the less carefully portrayed scenes are more moving. Emotions are high, but burning in the ice. Because the more passionate, the more shit is written. Don’t think that you can write useful things if you really feel it. You should delete it or you have to delete it. Don’t be intoxicated. The work made in one go is concise and moving, but people who have not been trained in writing can’t do it, so you must be mentally prepared to write millions of words and leave only 100 words. It’s not a ruthless person and can’t do the work of a writer.


7 months ago

In Xidan, I heard a traffic safety publicity vehicle broadcast: “Do not run down across the road”. I think this is a good language. I saw a sentence on the poster promoting summer hygiene outside the Xiaoweiying police station: “The leftovers must be returned to the pot before being eaten.” I think this is also a good language. Such a language can really hang the country without adding or subtracting a word. The purpose of language is to make people understand when they see it and remember when they hear it. The only criterion of language is accuracy. Stores in Beijing used to use eight characters to indicate their characteristics. Some are engraved on plaques, and some are painted with black paint on the whitewashed walls on both sides of the store, which are very appropriate. “Dust Fei Bai Xue, Pin Zhong Hong Ling”, this is a dim sum shop. “Weizhen chicken feet, fragrant pork feet” is from Guixiang Village. The forehead of the coal shop reads “Wu Jin Mo Jade, Stone Fire Light Constant”, which is very beautiful. In Bamiancao, the door of an “old lady” (midwife) wrote: “Quick car and fast horse, auspicious grandma”, this is a poem. The confession of the shop is often very eye-catching. Such as “photographing the key, wait for it to be taken.” I saw a family in Xisi, and the door said: “Sell new wicker chairs, repair old brown beds”, very good. In the past bathhouse, as soon as I entered the door, I saw four big characters: “Each one’s clothes and hats”, it was so simple. The language of the whole book “Shi Shuo Xin Yu” is very particular. In the same way, say this, say that, a few more words, a few words less, the taste will be different. One of Zhang Daiji’s relatives said: “You Zhang brothers are really amazing. Meat is just for eating, I don’t know if it is good or not; wine is just for not eating, I don’t know whether to eat or not.” Someone changed these words slightly A few words. Zhang Dai denounced it as “Father”. A person who writes a novel has to train his “sense of language.” To distinguish what language is tasteless.

7 months ago

The structure of drama is like architecture, and the structure of novel is like tree. The structure of the drama is more external and rational. When writing a play, there are always characters introduced, conflicts, and climaxes (generally, there must be an outline and discussion before writing a play), and the readers (audiences) are forced to accept these things to some extent. Drama is fooling. This is not the case with novels. A tree does not think about how to grow a branch, a leaf, and no matter how long it will grow. This is how it grows. However, this branch and this leaf are all justified. Two branches and two leaves never grow in one space. The structure of the novel is more internal and natural. I want to replace “structure” with another concept-rhythm. China used to talk about “wenqi”, which made sense. What is “wenqi”? I thought it was the inner rhythm. “Blood circulation” and “lively qi and rhyme” are all very good. The structure of the novel is more elaborate, more complex, and more unremarkable. Su Dongpo said: “But always do what you should do, and stop doing what you can’t stop.” He is talking about structure. Zhang Taiyan’s “Xinhan Weiyan” discusses Wang Rongfu’s parallel style, “the beginning and the end are free, and there is no beginning and end echoing style”. Writers of novels, rightfully so. The characteristic of the structure of the novel is: casual.

7 months ago

Young people nowadays write novels a little bit of discussion. Discuss, or leave the story alone to express emotions. This kind of discussion and lyricism is sometimes dispensable. France loves to make comments in novels. Some of his novels are mainly discussion, and the story is not important. He just borrowed a story to make a big talk involving a certain aspect of social issues. But Francis’s argument was wonderful, incisive, and profound. Frances is a philosopher. we are not. We can’t make very deep discussions. Therefore, it should not be sent frequently. Don’t speak out inclination in particular. One thing can be described this way, or it can be described that way. There are tendencies in how to narrate. It can be transcendent, objective, acrimonious, and mocking (such as Lu Xun’s “Soap” and “Old Master”), or it can be deeply sympathetic (such as “Blessings” and “Sorrowing Death”). Dong Jieyuan’s “The Story of the West Chamber” wrote Zhang Sheng and Yingying respectively: “The horse goes on the journey and goes back to the house in the car; the horse goes westward, and the car goes east; the two are as far apart as one step!” This is a narrative. But here reveals Dong Jieyuan’s attitude towards Zhang Sheng and Yingying’s love, full of emotions. “One step is as far away as one step”, how painful. If the author is not affectionate, he cannot write so painfully. Lyric in narrative, narrate with lyrical brushstrokes. How to show tendency? The old Chinese saying goes well: between the lines.

7 months ago

To write a novel is to say a plain thing very affectionately (how can there be so many thrilling things in the world). The same thing can be said by one person so eloquently that it makes one feel like being on the scene; another person may say it boringly. “Dong Xi Xiang” is written in rhyme, but you can hardly feel that it is rhymed. Dong Jieyuan is so proficient in the use of verses, he is smoother and more nuanced than prose, and his expression is full. Zhang Sheng asked the second brother of the shop what Puzhou could do to relax. The second brother of the shop introduced Pujiu Temple: “The shop knows it, and he said: “The country has built it for more than a few years, and the construction of it is not trivial. Thinking of the situation in the palace, he can’t beat him. After lying, what does the villain picture? There are no two in the world.” Zhang Sheng said at the time when he heard about it, “For example, walking around, it’s the same as you can see.” The dialogue between Zhang Sheng and the second brother Dian was very appropriate. “After lying, what did the villain picture?” It was a second brother’s tone. It is written that Zhang Sheng visited the Pujiu Temple, and there were many sceneries in front of him. At the end, he wrote: “Zhang Sheng looked at him and said, “It’s really good!” Checking the leader frequently. If you want to ask what Nianjian is, see Liang Wenshang. Writing:’Chui Gong was repaired in two years.’ “This is a stroke of magic. “Chang Gong two years repair”, “Xiu” word is very stable. This sentence writes out all of Zhang Sheng’s thought activities, expressions, and dynamics. ——It may be very dull to change the wording. If you want to say something interesting, you have to say it slowly, not in a hurry, so that you can understand the physics of human feelings and determine the qi, so as to refresh your mind and lead to victory. I am eager to tell people something, and I want to tell people the truth contained in this matter, and my face is red, and it won’t make people impressed. Zhang Daiji Liu Jingting said that Wu Song was fighting a tiger. Wu Song went to the hotel and suddenly said that the empty wine jars in the store buzzed, saying that he was “coloring in his leisure time, so fine.” Only leisure can be refined. Do not worry. Dong Jieyuan’s “West Chamber” is not so much a drama as a novel. The “Foreword” of “Dong Xixiang” published by People’s Literature Publishing House said: “Its organizational form and the artistic methods it adopts opened up a path for later operas and novels”, which is very knowledgeable. From the perspective of novels, many details of “Dong Xixiang” are far better than many scripts. Many of its methods are still useful to us, and they seem to be “new”.

7 months ago

Qi Baishi wrote four lines of poem in front of one of his paintings: “It’s as cold as snow, and it’s worthless to come to Beijing. This man has no liver and is empty for a thousand years.” He later created the red flower and black leaf school. His paintings were accepted by buyers, first of all, by the large restaurants with celebrity calligraphy and paintings hanging on the wall. Yu Fei’an’s paintings are also Wu Changshuo’s freehand style. Later Zhang Daqian told him: “Now there are so many people who paint Wu Changshuo’s style, when will you be able to get ahead?” He suggested that Yu Fei’an change the fine brushwork of the courtyard style. Yu Fei’an then changed the outline to re-enact the color. Yu Fei’an’s paintings were also accepted by the citizens of Beijing. The friends of the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou were salt merchants at that time. I don’t think that salt merchants don’t understand art. Art is to be sold for money, to be appreciated and accepted by people. The safflower and black leaves, the outlines and the Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou became fashionable for a while; in fact, it is the buyer who decides the fashionable. The style of the painter cannot be too far away from the taste of the viewer. The same is true of novels. It is a writer like Kafka. If no one appreciates his novels, his works will not exist. However, a writer’s style has to be a bit ahead of fashion before his style can be transformed into fashion. Writers who follow fashion will be abandoned by fashion.

7 months ago

Don’t read the suggestions of great writers. Many requests and suggestions are written by geniuses to geniuses. You are not worthy. Can a genius and great writer tell you how to write an essay and earn full attendance at the beginning? Just like the “Don’t think too much. Sit down and write” advice in Gao Zan’s answer, it is not suitable for most people. Writing doesn’t need much advice, because it’s not something you can learn by reading a tutorial. I don’t know why people nowadays are looking for tutorials everywhere when they are engaged in art creation. We were quite silly at that time. We just started to do what we thought in our minds and summed up the so-called “suggestion” in reading and writing.

7 months ago

Write with the character of the character, don’t be too “beautiful”, or it will be like two clever brains fighting, and the language should be as simple and low-key as possible. This remark has appeared repeatedly in Wang Zengqi’s collection of novels and essays, such as “Shen Congwen at Southwest Associated University”, “A Patriotic Writer”, “Talking with Friends of Shen Congwen”, “Reporting Home”, and there is a series in the world series that specifically writes about Southwest China. In the United Nations General Assembly, I think this is something that contemporary young writers rarely do. They always make up some unwieldy language. I personally don’t like it very much.

7 months ago

Leo Tolstoy, a great Russian writer, only likes to write in the morning. He believes that only in the morning can one maintain a sober and critical spirit, and he will write a lot of nonsense at night. In the writing environment, he is at ease, even if he is in a battlefield full of gunfire, he can concentrate on writing. Representative works: “Anna Karenina”, “War and Peace”, and “Resurrection” Comments: Master Tolstoy must have another unknown world that belongs to him. We often say “bystanders are clear”, maybe when he created Only when thoughts have jumped out of the world can we make a calm and profound observation of the world without being extreme and emotional.


7 months ago

In order to get a quiet writing environment, Mark Twain often brought enough dry food and water to drive a flat boat, sail on the sea. Under such circumstances, he wrote handily and made rapid progress. Representative works: “Elected Governor” and “Million Pounds” Comments: I have read many short novels about Mark Twain, and I am impressed by his calm and capable. When I was young, I chatted with my parents, and my parents told me about his short stories about running for governor. Novel, I still remember that night I slept secretly for the hapless person, and I thought that someone would smear my face in the future, so I shouldn’t publicize clarification, because things are always getting darker and darker. Now that I think about it, I realized that my parents had taught me a lesson in life in the story. I thank Mark Twain and my parents.

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