The reporter learned from the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress that opened on the morning of the 5th that according to the draft budget submitted for consideration at the meeting, China’s defense expenditure this year is 1,355.343 billion yuan (approximately US$209 billion), an increase of 6.8% over 2020. Experts believe that the sustained and stable geographic growth in military spending is due to China’s effective management and control of the epidemic, rapid economic recovery, and continued promotion of military modernization.
NPC spokesperson Zhang Yesui responded at a press conference on the 4th that China’s defense expenditure is generally in line with the country’s economic development level. Maintaining a moderate and steady increase in defense spending is necessary to safeguard national sovereignty, secure development interests, fulfill international responsibilities, and meet the needs of military reforms with Chinese characteristics.
Zhang Yesui introduced that China’s defense expenditure is open and transparent. The annual defense expenditure budget is included in the draft national budget and reviewed and approved by the National People’s Congress.
China participated in the “UN Military Expenditure Transparency System” in 2007, and every year submits basic data on defense expenditures for the previous fiscal year to the United Nations. Zhang Yesui also stated, “The key to measuring whether a country poses a military threat to other countries depends on what kind of national defense policy the country pursues. China adheres to the path of peaceful development, pursues a defensive national defense policy, and strengthens national defense without targeting or threatening. Any country.”
This means that our military expenditure as a percentage of GDP is second to last among the major countries in the world. The military expenditure in 2021 is 1,355.343 billion yuan, and China’s GDP in 2020 is 101.6 trillion yuan. That is to say, even if the GDP in 2020 is calculated, the proportion of China’s military expenditure in GDP is only about 1.3%. This year, China’s GDP growth rate is set at 6%. If we calculate this growth rate, that’s 107.696 trillion yuan. In other words, if China achieves a 6% growth rate, then our military expenditure will account for the proportion of GDP. It will further drop to about 1.25%…The only major country with a lower ratio than ours is the next door Japan, whose 2020 GDP is 539.3 trillion yen and military expenditure is 5.3 trillion yen, which is about 0.98. %. We are second to last. The third from the bottom is Germany, whose military expenditure in 2020 is about 50.3 billion euros, accounting for about 1.42% of GDP. … Such a low proportion of military expenditure to GDP means that the proportion of military work in my country’s society in macro-social practice has been so low that it can be almost negligible, and it can’t even provide even the minimum for my country’s economic activities. As for the security guarantee, as for the minimum, the most basic functional role that military culture should play in the construction of social culture, there is no way to talk about it. Germany’s defense work is outsourced to the NATO system. At the same time, its self-abolition of martial arts also has a political role in making strategic guarantees to other EU countries. In particular, it has obtained France’s full understanding of Germany’s dominant position within the EU, and it can even be said to be abolished. It is a necessary prerequisite for German-French reconciliation and unity. As for Japan, as a special country that does not have the right to have a formal military, its national defense security is guaranteed by the US military, so its relatively low military expenditure is completely justified. As for our country… As a strategic pressure, the country has not yet unified. In recent years, it has been repeatedly invaded by neighboring countries and caused casualties. Modern times have suffered huge social disasters due to backward armed forces. The situation of national defense and security is extremely severe. Military culture is built in social culture. Mid-to-long term absence, a large number of troops to be replaced, heavy burden of military work, heavy responsibilities, large debts, little accumulation, lack of effective means to safeguard national interests, and such a low level for a large country with a vast territory and extremely complex geographic environment Whether China’s military expenditure can effectively safeguard national interests, especially the interests of growing economic activities, is undoubtedly extremely suspicious. The low share of military expenditures makes people worry about the future and destiny of our country. Scale follows demand, and demand is generated by volume. The larger the size of an economy, the greater the objective boundary of interest and the greater the defense force needed. This is an objective law that does not depend on subjective will, let alone Using “absolute value” to divert the topic, it is never the scale but the proportion that produces the safety effect. On the other hand, the strong enemy’s military expenditure in 2020 is 738 billion U.S. dollars, GDP is about 20.93 trillion U.S. dollars, and military expenditure accounts for about 3.5%. This is completely a military posture, considering that its epidemic is basically out of control and social conflicts. Intensified and severely hampered social and economic activities, this kind of aggressive posture will undoubtedly increase the possibility of military adventures. I don’t know where our fascinating confidence in our own safety comes from.