The reporter learned from the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress that opened on the morning of the 5th that according to the draft budget submitted for consideration at the meeting, China’s defense expenditure this year is 1,355.343 billion yuan (approximately US$209 billion), an increase of 6.8% over 2020. Experts believe that the sustained and stable geographic growth in military spending is due to China’s effective management and control of the epidemic, rapid economic recovery, and continued promotion of military modernization.

NPC spokesperson Zhang Yesui responded at a press conference on the 4th that China’s defense expenditure is generally in line with the country’s economic development level. Maintaining a moderate and steady increase in defense spending is necessary to safeguard national sovereignty, secure development interests, fulfill international responsibilities, and meet the needs of military reforms with Chinese characteristics.

Zhang Yesui introduced that China’s defense expenditure is open and transparent. The annual defense expenditure budget is included in the draft national budget and reviewed and approved by the National People’s Congress.

China participated in the “UN Military Expenditure Transparency System” in 2007, and every year submits basic data on defense expenditures for the previous fiscal year to the United Nations. Zhang Yesui also stated, “The key to measuring whether a country poses a military threat to other countries depends on what kind of national defense policy the country pursues. China adheres to the path of peaceful development, pursues a defensive national defense policy, and strengthens national defense without targeting or threatening. Any country.”

This means that our military expenditure as a percentage of GDP is second to last among the major countries in the world. The military expenditure in 2021 is 1,355.343 billion yuan, and China’s GDP in 2020 is 101.6 trillion yuan. That is to say, even if the GDP in 2020 is calculated, the proportion of China’s military expenditure in GDP is only about 1.3%. This year, China’s GDP growth rate is set at 6%. If we calculate this growth rate, that’s 107.696 trillion yuan. In other words, if China achieves a 6% growth rate, then our military expenditure will account for the proportion of GDP. It will further drop to about 1.25%…The only major country with a lower ratio than ours is the next door Japan, whose 2020 GDP is 539.3 trillion yen and military expenditure is 5.3 trillion yen, which is about 0.98. %. We are second to last. The third from the bottom is Germany, whose military expenditure in 2020 is about 50.3 billion euros, accounting for about 1.42% of GDP. … Such a low proportion of military expenditure to GDP means that the proportion of military work in my country’s society in macro-social practice has been so low that it can be almost negligible, and it can’t even provide even the minimum for my country’s economic activities. As for the security guarantee, as for the minimum, the most basic functional role that military culture should play in the construction of social culture, there is no way to talk about it. Germany’s defense work is outsourced to the NATO system. At the same time, its self-abolition of martial arts also has a political role in making strategic guarantees to other EU countries. In particular, it has obtained France’s full understanding of Germany’s dominant position within the EU, and it can even be said to be abolished. It is a necessary prerequisite for German-French reconciliation and unity. As for Japan, as a special country that does not have the right to have a formal military, its national defense security is guaranteed by the US military, so its relatively low military expenditure is completely justified. As for our country… As a strategic pressure, the country has not yet unified. In recent years, it has been repeatedly invaded by neighboring countries and caused casualties. Modern times have suffered huge social disasters due to backward armed forces. The situation of national defense and security is extremely severe. Military culture is built in social culture. Mid-to-long term absence, a large number of troops to be replaced, heavy burden of military work, heavy responsibilities, large debts, little accumulation, lack of effective means to safeguard national interests, and such a low level for a large country with a vast territory and extremely complex geographic environment Whether China’s military expenditure can effectively safeguard national interests, especially the interests of growing economic activities, is undoubtedly extremely suspicious. The low share of military expenditures makes people worry about the future and destiny of our country. Scale follows demand, and demand is generated by volume. The larger the size of an economy, the greater the objective boundary of interest and the greater the defense force needed. This is an objective law that does not depend on subjective will, let alone Using “absolute value” to divert the topic, it is never the scale but the proportion that produces the safety effect. On the other hand, the strong enemy’s military expenditure in 2020 is 738 billion U.S. dollars, GDP is about 20.93 trillion U.S. dollars, and military expenditure accounts for about 3.5%. This is completely a military posture, considering that its epidemic is basically out of control and social conflicts. Intensified and severely hampered social and economic activities, this kind of aggressive posture will undoubtedly increase the possibility of military adventures. I don’t know where our fascinating confidence in our own safety comes from.


By zhiwo

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7 months ago

The data shows that the growth rate of my country’s military expenditure is slower than the growth of fiscal revenue and expenditure, slower than the growth of expenditures in important livelihood areas, and slower than the growth of expenditures in key strategic areas such as scientific research and innovation. my country is an upright anti-war country, and the proportion of military expenditures in fiscal expenditures is extremely low and is declining year by year. Basic research expenditures at the central level increased by 10.6%; foreign economic and trade development funds increased by 10.2%; air pollution prevention funds increased by 10%; water pollution prevention funds increased by 10.2%; soil pollution prevention and control special funds increased by 10%; key ecological function zones increased transfer payments 11%; agricultural insurance premium subsidies increased by 10.2%; (4) 2021 general public budget revenue forecast and expenditure arrangements. 1. The central general public budget. The central government’s general public budget revenue was 8,945 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.1% over the number implemented in 2020. ……(Omitted) (2) Transfer payments to local governments amounted to 833.7 billion yuan, a slight increase over 2020, and the actual increase was 7.8% after excluding special transfer payments. (3) The central reserve fund is 50 billion yuan, which is the same as the 2020 budget. 2. Local general public budget. Local general public budget revenue at this level was 10.82 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.1%. Adding in the revenue of 833.7 billion yuan from the central government’s transfer payments to local governments, and the 1,4833.5 billion yuan transferred from local finances and the carryover balance, the total revenue is 20,0640.5 billion yuan. Local general public budget expenditures were 21,460.5 billion yuan, an increase of 1.9%. The local fiscal deficit was 820 billion yuan, which was made up for through the issuance of local government general bonds, which was 160 billion yuan less than in 2020. (The main reason for the lower growth rate of local fiscal expenditures is to reduce local fiscal deficits and resolve local debts, reposter’s note) 3. National general public budget. Summarizing the central and local budgets, the national general public budget revenue was 19,765 billion yuan, an increase of 8.1%.

7 months ago

This year’s military budget was announced. Experts interpreting data from previous years reveal that since 2016, my country’s defense budget growth rate has fallen to single digits for six consecutive years, and the growth rate has remained between 6.6% and 8.1%. From 2016 to 2020, the growth rates of defense spending budgets were 7.6%, 7%, 8.1%, 7.5%, and 6.6% respectively. Affected by the new crown virus epidemic in 2020, the growth rate of China’s defense expenditure will slow down. The spokesperson of the Ministry of National Defense Ren Guoqiang introduced last year that China’s defense expenditures are mainly used in four aspects: First, to adapt to the country’s economic and social development, to continuously improve the work, training and living conditions of the troops, and to increase and improve the welfare and welfare of officers and soldiers. The second is to steadily promote the modernization of weapons and equipment and the construction of major projects and key projects that are clearly defined in the 13th Five-Year Plan, eliminate and update some outdated equipment, and upgrade and transform some old equipment. The third is to implement the deepening of national defense and military reform decisions and deployments, and to ensure the funding needs for military policy system reforms. The fourth is to ensure the combat readiness training of the troops and the implementation of diversified military tasks such as international peacekeeping, escort, humanitarian rescue, and disaster relief. An anonymous military expert told the Global Times that the sustained and stable geographic growth of defense funding is due to China’s effective management and control of the epidemic, rapid economic recovery, and continued promotion of military modernization. At the same time, military modernization also has actual needs. For example, the upgrading of weapons and equipment is necessary. “Some large-scale main battle equipment, such as aircraft carriers, especially new aircraft carriers, and the development and manufacturing of new military aircraft, require funding. Hard expenditure.” The expert said that in addition to this, it is also necessary to improve the living conditions of officers and soldiers, especially to increase investment in infrastructure in border areas and difficult areas, so that combat capabilities can be comprehensively improved. At the same time, the international situation and China’s surrounding environment are also very complex, and there are conflicting factors. China needs a stronger people’s army to guard its home and defend the country and create a safer and more favorable environment for economic development. “National defense funding is not simply Investment, but will produce a peaceful’dividend’. A strong army can effectively guard the achievements of social and economic development, so the investment in national defense funds is to protect the economic development.” Is there any adjustment in China’s defense funds in the face of the impact of the epidemic? ? An anonymous analyst told the Global Times that on the one hand, necessary routine combat readiness, patrols, training, national defense construction and other tasks will not be suspended due to the impact of the epidemic, so these budgets are indispensable; on the other hand, it is necessary to deal with potential problems. The cost of threats and conflicts will not be reduced, such as the Sino-Indian border conflict that broke out in 2020. On the other hand, the impact of the epidemic on the entire national economy and government budget will certainly be reflected in the military field. The direct impact of the epidemic on military work, such as military training, combat readiness, and expenditure on epidemic prevention and control in daily life, will At the same time, due to the reduction of offline meetings and the increase of online meetings, the relevant budget will be adjusted. In addition, due to the epidemic, if the production and construction cycle of some defense industry departments is affected, the corresponding defense procurement funds will also be affected. According to an article published by the Institute for International Strategic Studies (IISS) on February 25, despite the outbreak and the global economy shrinking by 4.4%, total global defense expenditure in 2020 will still reach US$1.83 trillion, a year-on-year increase of 3.9%. The article stated that the global pandemic of the new crown virus will have an impact on defense expenditures, but it may not be apparent until 2022 to 2023 that the reduction in defense budgets caused by the epidemic. In fact, in the West, the direct impact of the epidemic seems to have led the governments of countries such as France and Germany to speed up expenditures to support the production of suppliers in their defense departments. As of November 2020, most countries that have announced their 2021 budgets have maintained defense allocations. Public reports show that US defense spending in fiscal 2021 was $740.5 billion, a slight increase over the previous fiscal year. Among them, more than 630 billion U.S. dollars is used for the basic budget of defense projects, and 69 billion U.S. dollars is used for overseas military activities. India’s total military expenditures in the new fiscal year of 2021 (including defense pensions) will be approximately 4.78 trillion rupees (approximately US$65.4 billion), a slight increase of approximately 1.4% from the 4.71 trillion rupees in the previous fiscal year. However, the military expenditures used to strengthen military modernization will reach approximately 1.35 trillion rupees in the new fiscal year, an increase of nearly 19% over the previous fiscal year. South Korea’s defense budget for 2021 is planned to reach 52.9174 trillion won (approximately US$48 billion), an increase of 5.5% year-on-year; among them, the budget increase for “combat operational costs” hit a new high in the past 10 years. Japan’s overall defense-related expenses for fiscal 2021 are 5,488.9 billion yen (equivalent to US$52 billion), an increase of 8.3% over the previous year’s budget, and a new record high. The IISS article also stated that the increase in the defense budgets of the United States and China accounted for nearly two-thirds of the total increase in global defense spending in 2020. But another figure shows that the US military expenditure in 2020 is 738 billion U.S. dollars, almost four times that of China (193.3 billion U.S. dollars), and 12 times that of Russia (60.6 billion U.S. dollars), accounting for 40% of total global military expenditures. The military experts mentioned above analyzed the Global Times and compared the military expenditures of China and the United States. First of all, the issue of size is the issue of size. The US military expenditure remains the world’s largest military expenditure. The total military expenditure of other countries is still comparable to that of the United States. There is a big gap. In addition, China and the United States have different goals for military expenditure growth. The US military expenditure is to seek global hegemony, deploy military forces on a global scale, and strengthen global strike and global combat capabilities. In order to seek a hegemonic system and sometimes even provoke wars, this requires huge military expenditures. In comparison, the fundamental purpose of China’s military expenditures is for peace and to create a more peaceful development space for its own development. Secondly, as the Chinese military continues to grow stronger, it is also contributing to world peace, including sending peacekeeping and escort troops to the Gulf of Aden and relevant waters in the Indian Ocean to escort and fight piracy. “During this epidemic, the People’s Liberation Army has also actively contributed, including through the military level to provide vaccines for the new crown pneumonia to other countries’ militaries. Therefore, the strength of the Chinese military is not to dominate or threaten regional peace, but to help promote the world. Peace and regional stability.”

7 months ago

In 2020, the total global defense expenditure will reach 1.83 trillion U.S. dollars, and the global population will be 7.58 billion, with an average per capita of 241 U.S. dollars. In 2020, China’s military expenditure is 178.2 billion U.S. dollars, and China’s population is 1.4 billion, with an average per capita of 127.3 U.S. dollars. This is 52.8% of the world’s per capita level. In 2020, the U.S. military expenditure is 738 billion U.S. dollars, the U.S. population is 327 million, and the per capita is 2,257 U.S. dollars, which is 936.5% of the world per capita level. Our per capita military expenditure is 5.6% of that of the United States. In comparison, our per capita GDP is 16.4% of that of the United States. As Americans are pierced in the flesh, we face a much greater risk than other countries. In the economic bleak situation of the outbreak of the epidemic last year, a 6.8% increase in this year’s budget can only be considered stable, but not enough. I personally hope that military spending will increase by 10% in 2022.

7 months ago

Around 2000, China’s defense budget was about 120 billion yuan, a 10-fold increase in 20 years. It can be said that the 6.8% growth is still making up debts. China is the only permanent member of the UN Security Council that has not yet completed its substantive reunification. In contrast, the US military expenditure has increased from 300 billion US dollars in 2000 to more than 700 billion US dollars. Although it is still the number one in the world, the difference between the United States and China is no longer an order of magnitude. In 2000, the U.S. military expenditures were dominating the country. Military expenditures were the sum of all other countries. I don’t know if it is or not. Compared with Britain, France, Japan, Germany, Russia, India and other countries, China’s military expenditures have advanced by leaps and bounds. These powers have basically stayed in place, and some have even regressed. This reflects the value of rapid economic growth. Even if the proportion of the defense budget remains unchanged and the strength is strong, it can still fly bricks. But we can’t slack off. The opponent that hinders our unification is the most fierce and powerful military group in human history.

7 months ago

Military expenditures must rise more and faster: not just for safety, but more for the economy. Under the current economic situation in China, two seemingly contradictory situations have emerged: the employment situation is tight, and the number of financial supporters should not increase as much as possible. This means that most of the domestic job market is given to private enterprises that want to squeeze out the last copper plate. The expansion of military expenditure can greatly alleviate this problem: 1. The PLA provides basically high-quality posts with dignity, which can exert a certain crowding effect in the market. Alleviate the involution of the job market. 2. The manpower cost of the People’s Liberation Army is still in the middle of the financial support personnel, and it is not too expensive. 3. Most of the PLA personnel are still productive personnel, far more direct benefits than other financially supported personnel. 4. In addition to general income, the PLA is a place where there is a chance to win excess income, which is unique among financial support personnel. Therefore, the expansion of military expenditure should be accelerated

7 months ago

The army is like the door of a home. There will not necessarily be thieves to pick the locks and thugs will come in, but it must be strong. Let the evil spirits and snakes look at you and know that you can’t afford to provoke them, so quickly step aside. The increase in military expenditures is constantly strengthening this door. If there is something more refreshing, I hope it is to make arrangements in advance for the small moves that need to be done to win the first island chain. Why is it not a big move but a small one? Because the small island that sells pineapples can’t make a lot of waves at all. No big moves are needed. The increase in military expenditures and the modernization of the military are aimed at reducing the gap between itself and the United States, the world’s most powerful country. When the gap is small enough, the United States, which is good at calculating the empty-glove white wolf, is definitely unwilling to lose money and spends thousands of miles to fight for an island. It also increases the psychological burden of Wan Chai, making it impossible for Wan Chai to speak up. The other is that after the Sino-Indian conflict, our country sacrificed 4 PLA fighters, increased military expenditures, and improved our national defense capabilities, so that when there is another Sino-Indian conflict, our side will avoid casualties and India will kill itself. In order to reflect the power of East Asian powers.

7 months ago

When a beast encounters a beast in the forest, the first reaction is always afraid of the other side attacking itself. The idea of ​​the beast is to attack the other side in exchange for the safety of the other side. In 2020, the U.S. military expenditure is 740.5 billion U.S. dollars. In such a comparison, China’s military expenditure is still very low. However, the external environment that China is currently experiencing is getting worse and worse. The United States has established a global alliance system based on the US dollar, Wall Street capital control, military alliances, and military threats. It is beginning to show its claws to China. Recently, Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom have frequently discredited China and frequently sought out Chinese topics for topical hype. It has been 30 years since the disintegration of the Soviet Union and today. The United States has brought its little brothers accustomed to a unipolar world. Their over 600 million people dominate the world and the more than 7 billion people in culture, ideology, politics, and economy. They are used to their own power Blessed. Now a country with a population of 1.3 billion is rising at a speed visible to the naked eye and is beginning to influence the world in its own way. This country that does not plunder, force, intimidate, or greet them makes them scared, and there is no contrast and no harm. Those African countries that are highly close to China have discovered that in the past hundreds of years, those African countries that claim to be changing have the ultimate goal of plundering, and the country is still poor in war. But after China came, China only gave aid, not about politics, and got close to China, and the country naturally became rich. China has begun to get closer to China in more countries, so those who go home are afraid that China is affecting the world everywhere, and the unipolar world they are accustomed to has begun to change. But they started off by plundering wars. Every country is stained with colonial blood. Robbers will always think about things as robbers. Their own fears will eventually use attacks in exchange for their own safety. We are facing a situation of preventing thieves the day before, increasing our national defense and armed forces, so that we can protect ourselves against their attacks. We don’t know when the window left by time will be closed, the cracks in the 1980s for survival, and the era of winning by the mean in the 1990s will not come. Give up the illusion, give up the illusion of their lies, always be prepared.

7 months ago

Some people thoughtlessly disliked that military spending was too low, and in fact did not consider specific national conditions. Throughout the two Song dynasties, the problem that has plagued the rulers of the Central Plains for three hundred years is the investment of offensive military power. After the sixteen states of Yanyun were lost, the Northern Song Dynasty had no suitable land to produce high-quality military horses. Although the imperial court spends a lot of money on the military every year, it is still unable to cultivate a qualified offensive force (in the era of cold weapons, large-scale cavalry is the only offensive force). Although the inland can use precious arable land instead of the northern pastures to produce military horses, the efficiency is extremely low and cannot be scaled up. During the Song Zhenzong period, the cost of raising a military horse was five times that of ordinary people. In the livestock economy, raising cattle, donkeys, or any other animal power is more affordable than horses. The option of “buying better than raising” does not exist, because at that time high-quality war horse producing areas, including Daliao and Xixia, imposed embargo and sanctions on fine-bred war horses on the Central Plains, and only the eliminated second-class horses would be sold to the Central Plains sporadically. . For the Northern Song Dynasty, horse raising was a complete bottomless pit, a high-cost activity without any output, and it was originally against the farming civilization. A war horse that consumes five people’s food can charge for less than five years. During this period, a large amount of human living space needs to be squeezed out, and human resources are consumed without any effective output. This bottomless pit cannot be compensated by economic prosperity and strong fiscal revenue. “If you want a war horse or you want GDP,” this is not even an economic problem. It is a political issue locked up by geographical conditions. When it was impossible to raise horses on a large scale, nor to purchase a large number of good breeds, the Northern Song Dynasty took a short run… Oh no, it was a strategy of small-scale breeding, that is, the government purchases about 20,000 second-class horses from various trails each year. War horses, and selected good breeds to focus on training, and maintain a very small-scale good breed horse cavalry unit. In order to make up for the lack of offensive force, the Northern Song Dynasty paid special attention to the research and development of military technology. For example, the Northern Song Dynasty bed crossbow was the longest range and most powerful weapon in the world at that time. Once shot into the soul and shot and killed the general of the Liao Kingdom Xiao Talin, and promoted the subsequent Chanyuan Alliance, it can be called a classic case of strategic weapons. So don’t always be envious of other people’s high military expenditure and our low, good steel should be used on the blade. Even if it is to increase military spending, you have to be able to use it conditionally.

7 months ago

On the one hand, Sister Hat took the lead and said that the funds were far from enough, and on the other hand, some people thought it was enough and even had a partial advantage over the United States. I think this is a question of “specializing in large quantities and calculating accurately”. First of all, some money is not something you can spend if you want to. The progress of any equipment research and development or project has other objective laws, not all miracles can be done vigorously. The so-called quick running at small steps by our army is essentially the result of compromising the reality of the fact that the equipment and technical indicators cannot meet the needs of the army. It’s not that money can’t keep up, it’s that technology research and development can’t keep up. Second, the country’s social structure is different, and the military’s operating mode is different, resulting in huge differences in the military’s operating costs. Since the Chinese army does not have the U.S. military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, the operating cost is much lower than that of the U.S. military, which is objectively saving money. At the same time, due to the scale effect of our manufacturing industry and the political construction of military enterprises, our equipment procurement and maintenance costs are low. Therefore, my military expenditure efficiency-cost ratio is much higher than that of the U.S. military. The exchange rate cannot be simply calculated as a percentage of GDP, but also as a percentage of purchasing power GDP. Finally, we must admit that we are really just a country with a GDP per capita of more than 10,000 U.S. dollars. You and a country with a per capita GDP of 60,000 U.S. dollars are wider than a country with a per capita GDP of 60,000. There is a big gap between us in terms of cash flow and accumulated assets. The military is the continuation of politics. What our politics cannot do or can’t do is meaningless relying on the military alone. The experience and lessons that the United States has explored in Iraq are enough to prove that military operations that deviate from real political purposes are a dead end. Therefore, warships can solve all problems, and warships cannot solve any problems. If political support cannot go up, military spending cannot go up.

7 months ago

Military expenditure accounts for less than 1.3% of GDP, which is higher than that of Japan, the defeated country in World War II, and lower than that of another defeated country, Germany. Although there is still some invisible military expenditure, all countries have some invisible military expenditure, and the international military media evaluates China. The actual military expenditure is basically less than 2%, which can be said to be ridiculously low. In the case of self-made weapons, military expenditures are both consumption and investment. China’s military equipment expenditures support its own R&D personnel, engineers, and workers, and they can increase consumption with wages, not to mention that purchasing domestic equipment itself stimulates domestic demand. To maintain the industrial chain, as long as it is circulating in the body, even 3% is not too much. If the meat is rotten in the pot, it can also reduce the brain drain. Why not? At that time, four ships were originally ordered to stabilize the ironclad ships, but they were reluctant to buy two ships. Can the money used to protect the lives of the family be saved?

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