Let more art students see what art students, art majors, and art examinations are. 1 Major analysis of art is a broad concept. In 2011, the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council and the Ministry of Education promulgated the new “Discipline Catalog for Degree Awarding and Talent Training”, which is the first time for art. Separate from the literature category, it becomes the new thirteenth subject category, namely the art category. Among them, fine arts is one of the five first-level disciplines under the category of arts. But when most people think of art, the first thing they think of is not a theoretical discipline like art, but painting in general. “Fine Art” is usually called plastic art. The English vocabulary corresponding to what we call “Fine Art” is “Fine Art”, which is a broad concept that includes painting, sculpture and other disciplines. It focuses on the attention to reality and sincere expression of one’s own feelings. Painting is the most important art form in plastic art. It uses artistic languages such as lines and colors to shape images in a two-dimensional space through artistic methods such as modeling and composition to express the creator’s aesthetic feelings. Therefore, the concept of “painting” that people usually understand is only a part of “painting” and “art”. The professional direction in “Fine Arts”, for example, at the Central Academy of Fine Arts, there are currently 20 undergraduate majors, and the “Fine Arts” we are talking about refers especially to Chinese painting, calligraphy, painting, sculpture, experimental art, and art. theory. The School of Plastic Arts, the School of Experimental Art, and the School of Chinese Painting cover almost all professional disciplines in the fine arts category. The School of Plastic Arts is divided into two majors: painting and sculpture, which specifically involve oil painting, printmaking, mural painting and sculpture, etc.; the School of Chinese Painting has two majors: Chinese painting and calligraphy. Chinese painting includes ink figure painting, meticulous figure painting, landscape painting, and flower and bird painting. Four specific directions. In the classification of the new edition of the “Undergraduate Professional Catalogue of General Colleges and Universities” (2012), the fine arts category includes: fine arts, painting, sculpture, photography, calligraphy, Chinese painting and many other majors. Schools have different curriculum settings according to the majors they offer. For details, you can inquire about the professional settings of each school. Take the Central Academy of Fine Arts as an example. In terms of painting, the undergraduate level first is the basic teaching stage, basic modeling training, and cultivating the basic abilities of aesthetics and expression. There are usually basic modeling courses, color basic courses, technical courses, materials crafts, and art history. , Social Practice and Art Investigation and other courses. Then there are parallel courses in various professional directions, including oil painting, printmaking, sculpture, mural painting and so on. At this stage, through the cross-learning of comprehensive courses and professional courses, to find the expression language of personal creation. Cultivate systematic artistic theory and professional knowledge, and use a variety of materials for artistic creation. In addition, sketching from life in the countryside is a very important course in the teaching of plastic arts. In this course, students have an in-depth understanding of traditional culture and customs. The rural sketching course is not only an investigative life experience but also a source of materials for students’ artistic creation. Basic Qualities that Art Major Students need to have a good foundation in painting is necessary, which will help to achieve artistic expression; but more importantly, they need to have their own understanding and pursuit of beauty and art. Such understanding and pursuit They all come from their own experience of life and their sensitivity to things around them. 2 Professional and Employment Studying fine art does not necessarily have to be a painter. Many people have such a misunderstanding that learning fine art is to be a painter. There is no good way out of being a painter, and the employment scope of fine art is relatively narrow. In fact, the employment scope of fine arts graduates is not narrow. Xiao Wang, who graduated from the Central Academy of Fine Arts in 2005, became a middle school art teacher after passing the teacher qualification examination. Xiao Li, who is also an art major in art colleges, opened an art studio with friends in Beijing after graduation, specializing in tutoring children in painting. Similar to Xiao Wang and Xiao Feng, many students majoring in fine arts have chosen the profession of teacher. This is only part of the employment of fine arts graduates. In fact, fine arts graduates can find employment in schools, media, press and publication agencies, advertising companies, museums, exhibition halls, painting and calligraphy institutes, auction houses, and publicity departments of various enterprises and institutions. Specific positions include art teachers, Art editor, art director, art design, illustrator, culture and art management, etc. The employment situation varies from school to school. According to the employment situation of undergraduate majors announced by the Ministry of Education, the average employment rate of college graduates in fine arts in 2017 was between 85% and 90%, and the employment rate in 2016 was between 80% and 85%. between. In fact, due to the particularity of fine arts majors and multi-disciplinary intersections, the employment rate of each school is different, and the development space of different majors is also different. For example, fine arts, art theory, and other majors that emphasize theoretical research, the employment direction is mostly scientific research units or choose to continue to study, while various painting, design, modeling and other majors that emphasize practice, the employment direction is based on student abilities and professional qualities But different, its development space is also very different. Among the colleges that recruit students majoring in fine arts, there are art colleges, art colleges of normal colleges, and comprehensive universities and independent colleges. The employment rate of each school is also different. Taking Gome as an example, the employment rate of 2019 undergraduate graduates is 90.29%, the employment rate of graduate students is 99.41%, and the overall employment rate of the college is 91.87%. Among the industries that undergraduate graduates are engaged in, they are mainly concentrated in culture and art, design, Internet, architectural planning, cultural communication institutions, and education and training institutions. When it comes to the employment of art majors, the 19-year graduate employment report released by Gome clearly informs the graduates of the school’s job hunting advantages. The top ones include theoretical foundation and professional skills (16.96%), and innovation ability (14.51%). , Ability to learn and comprehend (12.17%), ability to work independently (9.16%), the above points can be consciously cultivated when you are studying in university. I believe that you can get a lot of points when you apply for a job later. 3 When talking about art majors, I have to mention China’s “Eight Academy of Fine Arts”: Central Academy of Fine Arts, China Academy of Art, Hubei Academy of Fine Arts, Tianjin Academy of Fine Arts, Luxun Academy of Fine Arts, Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts, Sichuan Academy of Fine Arts, Xi’an Academy of Fine Arts College. These colleges and universities are strong, each with their own characteristics, and the competition for examinations is also fierce. At present, there are still many colleges and universities offering fine arts-related majors in my country. According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 340 colleges and universities offering fine arts-related majors alone. Others offer fine arts-related majors such as painting, sculpture, and calligraphy. Just more. In addition to the top eight academies of fine arts mentioned above, there are many colleges for candidates to choose from. Candidates can choose carefully according to their hobbies, professional strength, etc. when applying for the exam. 1. Pay attention to the changes in the province’s policies. Since 2014, there have been some changes in art examinations in various provinces. In addition to increasing the proportion of cultural course scores in art examination admission scores, some provinces have also cancelled some college art admissions school examinations and replaced them with provinces. Unified test scores. In 2015, in accordance with the requirements of the Ministry of Education to “gradually improve the cultural performance of art majors and the delineation of admission scores for art colleges”, some provincial-level recruitment offices also successively issued relevant requirements, especially the implementation regulations for special admissions in 19 years. , It clearly stipulates the marking standards and execution time, and the points are truly implemented into the policy. Candidates must pay attention to the changes in the art test policy of the province where they apply for the test, and be aware of them. With the implementation of the new policy for art examinations, major colleges and universities have also paid more attention to the candidates’ achievements in cultural courses. For example, in the admissions of professional art colleges and universities such as Tsinghua Academy of Fine Arts, China Academy of Art, and Central Academy of Fine Arts in recent years, the admission scores for cultural courses It has also improved. 2. Candidates who understand the school brochures and school examination policies and apply for art majors, in addition to participating in the professional examinations organized by the provincial admissions examination institutions to obtain the provincial unified examination certificate, some admissions institutions will also organize school examinations. The requirements of the school entrance examination are generally stricter than those of the joint entrance examination, and their preferences for different majors are different. Therefore, candidates can carefully read the content of the examination. According to the preference of the school entrance examination institution, pay attention to which aspects should be worked hard to achieve targeted preparation for the examination. . Reading the brochure of the institution carefully will give you a lot of important information, such as the registration process, the examination time of the institution, the location of the examination, and the requirements for each major. In addition to the “Admissions Guide”, many schools will also have “Professional Examination Notes” on the examination. Candidates should also read carefully and master the understanding. 3. Master the admission rules of the colleges and universities applying for the examination. The admission policies of the art majors of each school are different. Generally, there are three situations: First, based on the candidates’ cultural examination scores online and professional examination scores, the professional examination scores are sorted from high to low. Admission based on the merits; second, based on the online cultural examination scores of the candidates and the professional examination results, the candidates are selected according to the order of the cultural examination scores from high to low; the third is based on the online cultural examination scores and the professional examination results, the The two grades are weighted proportionally, and then selected from high to low for admission. Some colleges and universities require candidates to meet the requirements for individual subject scores. Candidates must master the admission principles, understand whether the professional admission of the college they are applying for focuses on cultural or professional performance, and then according to their own circumstances, to maximize their strengths and avoid weaknesses, in order to “know the enemy and themselves.” For example, the fine arts majors of Tsinghua Academy of Fine Arts require that the relative scores of cultural subjects and the scores of Chinese and foreign languages meet the minimum admission scores stipulated by the school, and the admissions are based on the scores of the majors in descending order. In Hubei Institute of North America, the college entrance examination for painting and design accounted for 40% of the cultural scores and 60% of the professional scores. Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts has a minimum control line of 350 points (Jiangsu 205, Shanghai 308) for the culture courses of fine arts and drama and film majors, and then select the best according to the professional scores and so on. For specific professional admission methods, please refer to the enrollment guidelines issued by each school that year.