Zhang Hongwei, deputy to the National People’s Congress, submitted a proposal on adjusting the educational system of primary and secondary schools.

Education plays an important role in the prosperity and strength of a country. How to improve the national education level and continuously promote education reform has become an issue of increasing concern from all walks of life.

Zhang Hongwei said that under normal circumstances, a child starts elementary school at the age of 7, graduated from high school at the age of 19, and graduated from college at the age of 23. If you receive postgraduate education, you will be 26 or 27 years old when you leave the campus. If you encounter difficulties in finding a job, you are likely to be close to 30 years old when you find a suitable job. If it is a female, according to the current 55-year-old retirement regulations, she has not worked as long as she has studied. The school system is too long, postponing the time of employment, and various social pressures have led to various social problems, such as high education costs, increasing family burdens, significant delays in marriage and childbirth, and significant aging problems.

Compressing the school system can make it possible to enter work two years earlier after graduation from university, which is the golden age of life of about 20 years old. After graduation, you will have more time for work, career, and family to arrange and allocate. It is important for personal growth and development. Career success is more scientific and reasonable in terms of time allocation and sufficient time allocation.

In this regard, Zhang Hongwei made three suggestions:

One is to shorten the educational system. Elementary school changed from six-year system to five-year system, and high school changed from three-year system to two-year system. The shortening of the school system can effectively reduce the burden on families, alleviate the degree of aging, increase the utilization rate of educational resources, and enrich social labor resources.

The second is to implement open education in higher vocational schools and ordinary colleges. Higher vocational colleges are enrolled in spring and autumn. The school starts in March each year in spring and September each year in autumn. The school system is two years. The general tertiary education system was changed to two and a half years. Open education is a brand-new form of running a school. Entrance does not require examinations and study in spare time. It adopts a combination of teacher face-to-face tutoring and students’ self-study using online resources. Students can study without being restricted by space and time.

The third is to implement the “10-year compulsory education”, that is, the school system of 5 years of elementary school + 3 years of junior high school + 2 years of high school. Since my country implemented the “Compulsory Education Law” in 1986, the nine-year compulsory education has achieved great results. On June 29, 2020, according to the website of the Ministry of Education, ten departments including the Ministry of Education issued the “Several Opinions on Further Strengthening the Work of Controlling Dropouts and Ensuring Compulsory Education and Ensuring a Long-term Effective Mechanism.” The “Opinions” emphasized that it is necessary to ensure that the national nine-year compulsory education consolidation rate reaches 95% in 2020. However, this nine-year compulsory education is only at the level of junior high school, and is still far from the high school education required by the general public and social progress. However, to implement universal high school compulsory education, it will face the pressure of national power and financial resources. If we follow the “5+3+2” model, it should be possible to spread to high schools at this stage. This will greatly optimize the knowledge structure of our country’s population, further improve the overall cultural quality of the people, and at the same time alleviate the aging of the population, low fertility rates, and demographic dividends. Social pressures such as disappearing and delaying retirement.


By zhiwo

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7 months ago

Did you find it? Many proposals of the NPC and CPPCC this year are centered on the “liberalization of fertility”! Reducing the age of marriage to 18, canceling homework for primary school students, including reimbursement of childbirth costs for girls, postponing the reimbursement of new students for five years, and even shortening the educational system are also the goals. The long school time will lead to significant delays in marriage and childbirth and a significant aging problem ! Therefore, under this general environment, under the severe situation that the country needs to face, these measures should be supported. Moreover, the disadvantages are not obvious. Although fertility is freedom, population is the foundation of development. We hope to effectively promote the increase in fertility. Of course, these measures are not the basis for promotion. It is not difficult to give birth to a baby, but it is difficult to raise a baby. I hope that the country will increase subsidies while liberalizing, so as to effectively reduce the burden of raising families in terms of taxation, education, medical care, employment, and housing prices. .

7 months ago

One more point, why expand the nine-year compulsory education to 11 years and include high school in compulsory education? First, the inclusion of compulsory education in high school means that it is illegal to complete the high school. Legally, those who deprive minors of their right to education can be punished in a fair manner. Second, junior high school graduates have been unable to adapt to the needs of social production and development. Even farming is now being intensive and scientific. Without a better level of knowledge, we can only be the bottom-level workers. Society needs to advance, and reading is an important intellectual support to promote social progress. Third, the average educational level in my country is still low at this stage, and the proportion of junior high school diplomas is not small. Education is not only conducive to shaping the personality of minors, but also conducive to better employment, reducing the occurrence of illegal crimes, and conducive to social harmony. Fourth, a lot of knowledge learned in high school will have an important impact on future life, including physics, chemistry, safety knowledge, etc., and can even save lives under special circumstances. These are just things that cannot be deeply understood before junior high school. Therefore, shortening the school system cannot be achieved step by step, it must be done step by step. More importantly, it is necessary to ensure that all minors of school age are reading and reading well.

7 months ago

At least this proposal is worth discussing. Only about 5% of candidates can be admitted to 211 universities each year, and less than 2% can be admitted to 985 universities. As the status quo is so, the college entrance examination is naturally a top priority for students and parents, and will be seen by some families as an opportunity to change their destiny. As a result, many people’s high school years are left to mechanically dull and meaningless repetitive problems. So day after day, until the day when I walked into the examination room. Under this premise, I think any burden-reduction policy for high school students will treat the symptoms rather than the root cause. For example, even if the Municipal Education Commission explicitly banned make-up classes on weekends, students would still “make up classes” in a different form. This representative’s suggestion is to take a different approach. Anyway, it is painful. It is better for everyone to suffer a year less collectively. Let the students take the saved year and leave them to do more valuable things in life.

7 months ago

Give everyone a new idea. This proposal has a comprehensive perspective, in-depth thinking, fairness and efficiency, focusing on reality and reality, focusing not only on society, but also on the future, with a very strategic vision. Let’s make a joke first. If you can, take a vacation to make friends every year, which is the most beneficial for fertility. The following is a multi-angle thinking. Student perspective: In fact, many students feel that learning is the most important thing during their school years, and getting into a good school is the most important thing. In fact, it’s not wrong to think so, but in the end it must be employment. What this society needs is not blindness To be a tester in a small town, what you need are real talents who can contribute to the society and have professional capabilities. Therefore, for students, learning cannot be measured by time. Two years to three years are not the focus. The focus is whether you have learned something and whether you can contribute to the country. If you are self-taught and have a good skill, Then you can work even earlier to contribute to society. If a student’s final end of study is work, then choosing a major is a big thing that must be paid attention to. The decision must be made carefully after the investigation is clear, especially to avoid the four major pits. Educational perspective: In fact, there are no major problems with restructuring. On the one hand, because learning depends to a large extent on talent, such as fast class students, top class students. For students other than geniuses, they should work hard to get a better undergraduate degree. If they don’t work hard, they will be the worst college. However, the possibility of future work is not too different. Therefore, let talented people contribute as soon as possible. It also reduces the excessive torture of those who are not talented. It is not a bad thing to learn a professional technology useful to society early. It is the so-called performance of their duties and people do their best (not to give up struggling and refuse to open up if the talent is not good. Kong). On the other hand, high school is also changed to compulsory education, which will allow more people to have access to better educational resources, improve their cultural level and literacy, and make the overall quality education process fairer. Many of the things taught in the school have little effect on one’s real life, nor can they be used well to contribute to society. Therefore, those things that are not very practical can be learned less, so that those who should have learned The students who have the most value to them learn what is more valuable is also the desire of those students, as the so-called teaching students in accordance with their aptitude, focusing on reality. Social perspective: As we all know, the fertility rate has declined rapidly in recent years, the willingness of young people to give birth has decreased, the demographic dividend has gradually disappeared, the aging has become more serious, and the problem of mismatch between the young labor force and the labor force needed by society is serious. Therefore, in order to comprehensively solve the above problems, we must start with education. The shortened education time is more conducive for students to enter social work earlier, earn money earlier, reduce their own pressure to buy a house and get married, increase the marriage rate, thereby increasing the willingness to give birth, increasing the fertility rate, and thereby alleviating the persistent shortage of labor supply. Increasing the proportion of vocational education will help students connect with the society, learn more practical professional skills, help their career development, reduce the pressure of job hunting, thereby alleviate the problem of labor mismatch, and improve the level of social development. Generally speaking, it is a proposal that revolves around the core values ​​of socialism, so that the entire education system and career development plan revolve around efficiency and fairness, which will surely make the entire society operate more orderly, promote the sustainable economic development, and ultimately make the country Prosperous and strong. At present, online education is more efficient than school education. A lot of knowledge is shared for free, such as Zhihu, where there are answers to questions. Efficiency is hard to say, but as long as you want to learn a lot of things, you can learn by yourself. As long as you have a lifelong learning attitude, you can improve yourself in school or online. We are all screws. The country is considering how to create better fertility conditions for us, but many of us cannot find suitable partners. If we can also provide some better platforms for finding partners, such as taking a few days of dating leave each year, I think it’s also excellent.

7 months ago

Five-year elementary school, three-year junior high school, two-year high school? Let me tell you Hong Kong, this proposal does not have much effect in terms of purpose. Our country had a five-year elementary school and a two-year high school. My parents, born in the 60s and 80s, had a two-year high school and a three-year junior high school. When I was in elementary school, there were still five-year primary schools in the countryside. The five-year elementary school system is not mentioned, and the two-year high school system is basically meaningless. This is how my parents and I recalled their high school days: two years have just been enough to finish the content of high school, the freshmen have to go to the college entrance examination and compete with the repeaters without reviewing it long. Countless fresh graduates failed to enter the technical secondary school or university, so they had to repeat their studies, changing from fresh graduates to repeaters. Moreover, the college entrance examination is not just a pre-selection. You can only take the college entrance examination only if you are in the pre-selection. Due to the admission rate, most of these students who do not have bad results in the pre-selection are cannon fodder and join the stream of repeat students. As a result, the generation of my parents, like my mother, who succeeded in entering the technical secondary school after one year of re-entry is already very remarkable. More people are in high school, high five, high six. What is the significance of this two-year system? Of course it made sense. At that time, I went home and farmed directly when I didn’t have the money. If I had the money, I would go back to the city and work as a worker in the city. The vast majority are those who don’t have money, but the army of repetitions is very difficult. My mother calculated the acceptance rate with me, and they were basically equivalent to the same line when I entered the college entrance examination (my college entrance examination in 2009). what about now? Every household basically only has one or two children, and will not pass the test after two years. How many companies will not think that there is not much time for two years of review, and it will be a blood loss if they don’t repeat the spelling? Does this proposal think that the repeat school does not make enough money? Is it really forcing students to be forced into a three-year system? Do you really think this can shorten the age of students going to college? After 40 years of co-authoring, the car drove back again, when everyone’s memory was as long as 7 seconds? By the way, let me add that the pre-selection for the college entrance examination is the whole school examination. First, the internal examination is selected, and the scores must be good enough to take the college entrance examination, because each school has a limited number of places for the college entrance examination. My mother recalled that at that time, those who were able to take the college entrance examination were almost the top ten or even the top five students in the class.

7 months ago

Two years of high school is definitely thinking too much. I can only understand how much the review of senior year improves the overall score. Some people have studied for two years, but the college entrance examination results are not satisfactory, so they enter the repetition class, and then intensively review for another year. Don’t those students who have only been in the new year for two years get down? The repetition effect of a two-year high school is much greater than that of a three-year high school. Anyway, the masses use their feet to vote, it may eventually evolve into two years on the surface, and everyone privately agrees to three years. Of course, if the content and difficulty of the course can be shortened to one year, it can be completed, when I didn’t say .

7 months ago

However, the missing piece of labor does not correspond to the people who have gone to school…The employment situation that is actually rolled up by 985211 is very severe, and the employment situation that Puben faces is even more embarrassing. The expansion of enrollment is a general trend. The missing piece of labor requires vocational education, recognition of social status, and protection of benefits and benefits. Looking at it now, these three problems have not been solved… Then what are you doing? You can’t just send in the front if the road is not paved. After the change, everyone still tends to squeeze the single-plank bridge instead of looking at it. Other channels. As for shortening the school system, it’s not that it can’t be shrunk, but for what purpose. It’s awkward after two years of learning, three years of knowledge, and one year of review. I still remember that our junior high school teachers often joked about this. Is it because your physical age has not kept up with you and you learned it in advance…


7 months ago

From the perspective of talent training, I support high school for two years. I am now in my second year of high school, and there is no more than one month left before math can enter a round of review. And even faster, the experimental class has started a round of review last semester. Did you say that we are rushing forward? Strictly speaking, there is no, because the whole day is a class, and a weekend vacation is held once a month. In the case of very frequent exams, twice a week, such progress is considered slow. After all, exams take a lot of time. Do two classes, at least one class. Review is more important to exams than to knowledge. Instead of wasting on repetition, it is better to shorten the school system. Let some students learn more meaningful and valuable mathematics. Let the other part get rid of the torture of mathematics as soon as possible and learn the more interesting knowledge they want to learn. I feel good.

7 months ago

Let me make a suggestion. No need to change the school system. Set up a special selection of junior high school entrance examination and senior high school entrance examination. Any elementary school student can take this junior high school entrance exam, even if you are in the first grade of elementary school. After passing the exam, I went straight to junior high school, and didn’t need to go to elementary school for the remaining five years. Similar to junior high school. This suggestion has several advantages as follows: For many students with high IQ, the courses in elementary and junior high schools are not difficult, and you can understand them after reading them, and you can finish them in two or three years. The current situation is that this part of the students with high IQ also need 6+3, which is really a waste of time. After all, there are a small number of people who have skipped grades, and they lack institutional encouragement. The final result is the optimal allocation of resources. Those with strong learning ability may graduate from university at the age of 15, and graduate with a doctorate at the age of 18. Contribute to society early. Intensify involution, which is good for the development of the country. In the future, everyone will not get higher scores in the college entrance examination, but will be younger than anyone who goes to college. The internal volume started from the kindergarten, and it was institutional. It can also stimulate fertility. Now I’m 26 after graduating. Of course, it’s impossible to get married early, which affects fertility. After this policy, everyone’s working hours are generally advanced, and the childbearing age will definitely be greatly advanced. While accelerating involution, it can also stimulate fertility. This policy can guarantee the everlasting competitiveness of our country.

7 months ago

The premise here is to be admitted to a higher education institution, so a reduction of two years is indeed necessary. The problem is that the vast majority of Chinese students are not admitted to university, and they are not child laborers at the age of sixteen, but they are not adults after all. In 2019, the average number of years of education for the working-age population in my country is 10.7 years, and it is expected that the average number of years of education for the working-age population in the 14th Five-Year Plan period will increase to 11.3 years. If it is shortened by two years, unless the education age of the labor force in the whole society can reach 12 years, which is the current level of 14 years, it should not be shortened rashly. There is still hope. The average number of years of education for the newly added labor force has reached 13.7 years. So the one that is really useful is to improve the vocational education system and extend the vocational education system to the field of higher education and connect with it. The second is to gradually promote the 12-year compulsory education to reduce the cost of family education. Under this premise, it can be shortened to two years, and the cost of ten-year compulsory education will not rise much compared with nine-year compulsory education. It can be considered that this is a direction worth trying. Five years of primary school and five years of middle school must ensure that most of them can be admitted to colleges and universities and strengthen the role of junior colleges. The specific content of primary education and secondary education is separated and scattered, and some places can be adjusted. There is also a division between junior high school and high school in middle school education. The implementation of compulsory education means that the middle school entrance examination can be turned into an optional examination for vocational high school and general high school. In terms of teaching content, the continuity and systematicness of the five-year secondary education content should be guaranteed. I still put forward my opinion again that the liberal arts and sciences are tested together regardless of subjects, political history is merged, and the English content is adjusted appropriately.

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