Zhang Hongwei, deputy to the National People’s Congress, submitted a proposal on adjusting the educational system of primary and secondary schools.
Education plays an important role in the prosperity and strength of a country. How to improve the national education level and continuously promote education reform has become an issue of increasing concern from all walks of life.
Zhang Hongwei said that under normal circumstances, a child starts elementary school at the age of 7, graduated from high school at the age of 19, and graduated from college at the age of 23. If you receive postgraduate education, you will be 26 or 27 years old when you leave the campus. If you encounter difficulties in finding a job, you are likely to be close to 30 years old when you find a suitable job. If it is a female, according to the current 55-year-old retirement regulations, she has not worked as long as she has studied. The school system is too long, postponing the time of employment, and various social pressures have led to various social problems, such as high education costs, increasing family burdens, significant delays in marriage and childbirth, and significant aging problems.
Compressing the school system can make it possible to enter work two years earlier after graduation from university, which is the golden age of life of about 20 years old. After graduation, you will have more time for work, career, and family to arrange and allocate. It is important for personal growth and development. Career success is more scientific and reasonable in terms of time allocation and sufficient time allocation.
In this regard, Zhang Hongwei made three suggestions:
One is to shorten the educational system. Elementary school changed from six-year system to five-year system, and high school changed from three-year system to two-year system. The shortening of the school system can effectively reduce the burden on families, alleviate the degree of aging, increase the utilization rate of educational resources, and enrich social labor resources.
The second is to implement open education in higher vocational schools and ordinary colleges. Higher vocational colleges are enrolled in spring and autumn. The school starts in March each year in spring and September each year in autumn. The school system is two years. The general tertiary education system was changed to two and a half years. Open education is a brand-new form of running a school. Entrance does not require examinations and study in spare time. It adopts a combination of teacher face-to-face tutoring and students’ self-study using online resources. Students can study without being restricted by space and time.
The third is to implement the “10-year compulsory education”, that is, the school system of 5 years of elementary school + 3 years of junior high school + 2 years of high school. Since my country implemented the “Compulsory Education Law” in 1986, the nine-year compulsory education has achieved great results. On June 29, 2020, according to the website of the Ministry of Education, ten departments including the Ministry of Education issued the “Several Opinions on Further Strengthening the Work of Controlling Dropouts and Ensuring Compulsory Education and Ensuring a Long-term Effective Mechanism.” The “Opinions” emphasized that it is necessary to ensure that the national nine-year compulsory education consolidation rate reaches 95% in 2020. However, this nine-year compulsory education is only at the level of junior high school, and is still far from the high school education required by the general public and social progress. However, to implement universal high school compulsory education, it will face the pressure of national power and financial resources. If we follow the “5+3+2” model, it should be possible to spread to high schools at this stage. This will greatly optimize the knowledge structure of our country’s population, further improve the overall cultural quality of the people, and at the same time alleviate the aging of the population, low fertility rates, and demographic dividends. Social pressures such as disappearing and delaying retirement.