On the afternoon of March 6, the Heilongjiang delegation held a group meeting to review the government work report and review the “14th Five-Year Plan” and the draft outline of the 2035 long-term goals. Representative Cao Yongming, representative of the National People’s Congress and principal of Harbin Garden Primary School, suggested that teachers should be exempted from taxation to attract outstanding talents to join the teaching team.
She also suggested to increase investment in compulsory education in school conditions, teacher team building, and informatization construction; and to maintain standard sports venues and facilities for primary and secondary schools. (China Business Network)
In our country, personal income tax is progressive. The premise that tax exemption can improve treatment is that the income is higher than the tax threshold, and the higher the salary, the more obvious the effect. For example, the annual salary of teachers in Shenzhen’s establishment is close to 300,000. If teachers are tax-exempt from salary, the increase in the salary of teachers in cities like Shenzhen will be very significant.
However, the income of some township teachers in poverty-stricken areas in the central and western regions may not reach the threshold. Whether or not their salaries are tax-exempt will not improve the treatment of township teachers. Since tax exemption is useless for teachers in villages and towns in poverty-stricken areas, and only useful for teachers in first- and second-tier cities with higher incomes, doesn’t the tax exemption for teachers’ salaries widen the income gap between teachers in different regions of the country? The answer is yes, but let’s think about it, is this really bad? If the income of teachers in first- and second-tier cities and third-, fourth, and fifth-tier cities and townships is further increased, the pace of entry of excellent teachers into first- and second-tier cities will also accelerate, and the quality of basic education in first- and second-tier cities will continue to increase the advantages of small cities and towns. . Parents will naturally choose to move to a big city or stay in a big city directly after graduation for their children. The average house in first- and second-tier cities is tens of thousands of square meters, and in third-, fourth- and fifth-tier cities is only a few thousand. Some villages and towns are even homesteads with no commercial housing. Nowadays, the first requirement for primary and secondary schools in many first- and second-tier cities is that parents have school district housing, while in towns and villages there may be homesteads to go to school. If there are high-quality basic education in the township, how many township parents still have the motivation to go to prefecture-level cities and counties, or even first- and second-tier cities to buy high-priced houses for their children to study? The common people do not buy houses in first- and second-tier cities at high prices. How can local finances be increased? Without a solid financial foundation, how can we concentrate our efforts to build our own country? Tax exemption for teachers’ salaries can further improve the treatment advantages of teachers in backward areas in big cities and developed areas. Let high-quality educational resources represented by excellent teachers be further concentrated in central cities. As the education system in underdeveloped areas has difficulty attracting excellent teachers, the gap in education quality will also widen, and the process of entering the central cities of small and medium-sized cities and towns will surely speed up. As long as more residents go to central cities to buy houses at high prices to pay for their mortgages, then more residents will need to work hard to pay for higher housing expenditures, and more people in poor areas will enter developed areas to work hard to get rid of poverty and become rich. , Instead of living lazily and inefficiently in poverty-stricken areas, thereby increasing the level of urbanization and promoting high-quality economic development. In addition, the degree of privatization of basic education in central cities is much higher than that in prefectures and towns. Many real estate developers promised the government to build supporting private education when they obtained residential land. For private education, the promotion of teacher tax exemption is even greater. South Korea allowed nearly half of the country’s population to gather in the Seoul metropolitan area, and half of the country’s population enjoyed housing prices similar to that of Guangzhou, and eventually became a developed East Asian country. So my country has also allowed half of the population to enter first- and second-tier cities to become an urbanized population, living in houses that are similar to Guangzhou’s housing prices, so will the economic development level be worse than that of South Korea? As long as there is a large number of people who have not been urbanized, it means a huge room for economic growth. In summary, the tax exemption policy for teachers’ salaries benefits the country and the people, and a win-win situation for all.