Zhang Zhiyong, representative of the National People’s Congress and executive dean of the China Education Policy Research Institute of Beijing Normal University, said that publicizing “not letting a child lose on the starting line”, hyping the top picks in the college entrance examination, and making high school entrance exam rankings, has boosted test-oriented education and worsened it. The education ecology is regrettable. Zhang Zhiyong suggested that it is strictly forbidden to publicize and report the entrance rate of the high school entrance examination and the top high school entrance examination in any way; it is strictly prohibited to publicize the high school entrance examination results by the highest score, the best class, etc.; it is strictly forbidden to publish the so-called college entrance examination champions of all provinces; it is strictly forbidden to publish the country, the whole province, and the whole city. The so-called top 100 high school, junior high school, and elementary school rankings; it is strictly forbidden to publish the so-called high school entrance examination rankings; it is strictly forbidden to “find first-line teachers, learn to solve the problem” and “If you want a good result, find a good method” and other slogans are strictly prohibited.
His proposal under this question is part of his entire educational ideological system. Therefore, this issue must be taken into consideration in all its proposals as a whole. Under this issue, part of his “prohibition” is for the following proposal: The performance rewards of primary and middle school teachers should not be linked to the rate of enrollment. In the past two years, Zhang Zhiyong’s research found that some counties (cities) have a large amount of college entrance examination awards, often as high as tens of millions of yuan. These awards are determined based on the so-called college entrance examination results of the year. At present, the layout of high schools in various counties and cities is very uneven. In order to pursue the entrance rate of the college entrance examination, excellent teachers and students are increasingly concentrated in individual best high schools. In this way, in a county, the layout of high schools has formed a so-called “pyramid” shape. Such educational resources and educational investment are no longer balanced, which is not a good thing for the local educational ecology. A small number of schools have extremely superior educational conditions. Other schools cannot get investment, cannot recruit good teachers, and do not have a good source of students. This is not a good thing for the local educational environment: only a small number of top students can get a good education . This corresponds to what Bai Yansong mentioned earlier, hoping that some of the educational resources of some colleges and universities can be allowed to other colleges and universities, it is the problem of the concentration of educational resources to the head. The other part is forbidden, which is an environment that creates rankings and sells education too much, causing psychological problems for students. “The mental health of young students is a major public issue facing the whole society. Speed up the establishment of a joint intervention system and mechanism for minor mentally high-risk students, and conduct rescue interventions for mentally high-risk students.” National People’s Congress representative, Beijing Normal University China Education Policy Research Institute Executive Dean Zhang Zhiyong said that primary and secondary school students’ psychological barriers are prominently manifested as problems in interpersonal relationships, emotional stability, and learning adaptation, and rescue interventions should be made for students at high risk of psychologically in coordination with the forces of the whole society. Zhang Zhiyong suggested to promote the construction of full-time and part-time mental health education teachers, incorporate mental health education content into the “National Training Plan” and local teacher training plans at all levels, and comprehensively strengthen the training of mental health related knowledge for primary and secondary school teachers, and through psychological teachers, school doctors, Or introduce psychology professional teachers, purchase professional social work services, etc. to provide students’ mental health services, and formulate and implement the construction plan of the treatment and rehabilitation system for mentally high-risk students in the health system, use government big data to establish an early detection mechanism for mentally high-risk students, and explore joint establishment and soundness The psychological intervention work mechanism for high-risk students is to establish a psychological intervention system for high-risk students and an experimental area for mechanism construction. This echoes the proposal of another representative Tao Kaiyuan. Member Tao Kaiyuan, vice chairman of the Democratic Progressive Central Committee and vice president of the Supreme People’s Court, spoke at the CPPCC conference today and pointed out that the mental health of our young students is worrying. The survey found that up to 81% of educators believe that the psychological problems of young students are related to academic competition. Lack of sleep has become a major problem for primary and middle school students across the country. “As long as you don’t die, you will learn from the dead”, “one more test score, kill a thousand people” is a portrayal. Chinese students are under high academic pressure and low life satisfaction. The anxiety caused by excessive competition and internalization from the outside world is passed on to young people. She called on the whole society to pay more attention to the mental health of young people. Suggestions include deepening education reform, diminishing the excessive individual competition atmosphere in the school education environment, creating a positive and healthy social environment, purifying the network environment, controlling the time and content of youth online, and building schools , Family, and trinity youth mental health support system, establishing a youth extreme behavior early warning platform, etc. At the same time, to a certain extent, it is also echoing the proposal of Tang Jiangpeng. If children only have scores, they may not be able to win the big exams in the future; if education only focuses on the enrollment rate, the country may not have core competitiveness. Score is important, but score is not the whole content of education, let alone the fundamental goal of education. A good education should cultivate lifelong athletes, responsibilities, problem solvers, and elegant lives, give children a sound and excellent personality, win future happiness, and benefit the country and society.