Learn to use the logical output model of “PREP+A”: P (Point, opinion/argument), R (Reason, reason/reason/foundation), E (Example, instance/example), P (Point), A (Action, action). In formal conversations, presentations, and copywriting, the following logic/steps can generally be followed: P: First, express your views/arguments/propositions concisely and clearly, that is, what you are saying and what you want to express. R: Secondly, state the “foundation” that supports your conclusion, that is, answering why do you think so, based on which facts and explanations? E: Furthermore, use actual examples (data, data, personal examples, etc.) to improve the persuasiveness of your conclusions or opinions. P: Finally, repeat the conclusion and make sure that the information you want to convey has been delivered. A: Action is what you want the other party to do (one can be omitted according to actual needs). Summary: To put it simply, this model starts with the conclusion, then explains the reason and basis for the conclusion, then cite specific examples to support it, and finally emphasizes the conclusion again. In daily life, cultivate and exercise the methods and skills of logical thinking: 2. Daily conversation practice In addition to formal occasions, we can also learn from the “PREP+A” logical output model to enhance our logic in our daily lives. Whether you are telling others or listening to others, you can deliberately think about the “this manuscript”: What is the point of view to be expressed, what is the reason, and what is the case? This subtle exercise can continuously optimize your logical thinking. 3. Self-questioning exercises In daily life, whether you see, hear or read something: important information or information that touches you, you can exercise your thinking through some deliberate self-questioning. For example, when you read a point of view, you can ask yourself: Why did the author enter from this perspective? How did the author come to this conclusion? What are the disadvantages of this conclusion? How can it be better if I write it? 4. Movie carding practice method Most people like to watch movies. In this case, we might as well take a moment to sort out the plot and main line of the movie after watching the movie (Suspense, Sci-Fi, Crime, etc.) Books are better because they test your logical thinking). After sorting it out by yourself, you can also go online to search for other people’s insights, make comparisons, and see what omissions you have. Do this often, your logical thinking and memory will be improved to a certain extent. 5. Logic Fun Questions Practice Method There are many interesting questions on the Internet that test logical thinking. Doing these questions often can also serve the purpose of exercising logical thinking. For example, these: 8 genius logical thinking questions, all of which are less than 1% correct! 6. Train logical thinking by “making structured reading notes”. Each book has its own logical structure, and the table of contents is the basic logic for the author to write this book. So we can exercise our logical thinking ability by taking notes, so we can do multiple things in one fell swoop. ① After reading a book, we basically look at the problem from the perspective of the author. In order to test our basic mastery, we can use the method of “writing a book catalogue silently”. Table of contents comparison of this book. ②Start from yourself, think about “If you were the author, how would you write this book?” Then write your writing outline (logical structure). ③After reading the book, there will be more or less important content that you are more concerned about. After understanding and thinking about these content, you can write articles with these knowledge points as themes. 7. Exercise logical thinking through writing exercises. Writing is a sort of self-thinking. Taking time to structure an article so that others can understand it is actually training one’s logical thinking ability and organizational ability. Because writing is a process of setting a topic and then finding an answer, you must first define the right question, then decide on the angle of the problem, then analyze the advantages and disadvantages of various angles, and finally form your own conclusions. Completing this whole process and writing an article is equivalent to a logical thinking exercise. As for what to write, this is very extensive, such as writing an original story, writing a reading or learning experience, or life perception. After the writing ability has improved, you can find a keyword at random, and then use this keyword to build a logical structure and write an article. Finally, let me say one more thing: both thinking and thinking depend on your various basic knowledge. Without the underlying knowledge, most of your thinking can only be superficial. We only have to continue reading, learning, accumulating different knowledge, and then using methods such as writing to organize our thinking (I do this myself, just find a method that suits you), strengthen understanding, and let all kinds of knowledge blend together, so Can really upgrade your thinking.