The Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress voted and passed the decision of the National People’s Congress on improving the election system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

In view of the fact that the domestic media provided very little relevant information, I will quote more specific content reported by the Hong Kong media. For a long time, under the Basic Law system, the Election Committee and the Legislative Council have played extremely important roles in Hong Kong’s political arena. They are also the main battlefield for power struggles among various factions, because the former (commonly known as the small circle) elects the chief executive, while the latter is the SAR III. One of the powers of the legislature. The content of the reform (hereinafter referred to as the “decision”) adopted by Beijing this time involves these two institutions, and the extent is called “overhaul” (overhaul). First, with regard to the Election Committee, on the basis of the original four 300-member electoral committees composed of 1,200 members, the “decision” to add a new constituency of 300 members. As a result, the new election committee will have 1,500 people. The outside world generally believes that the establishment will have an absolute advantage in the New Territories, while the candidates for the chief executive introduced by the democrats will face more challenges. At the same time, the “decision” stipulates two conditions for the candidate for the chief executive to be nominated and formally become a candidate (commonly known as admission): The candidate must be nominated by no less than 188/1500 members of the election committee; No less than 15/300 members from each sector are nominated. Some people even believe that in the future, it will be impossible for the candidates for the chief executive supported by the democrats to enter the gate, and a “equal election” scenario may appear.

Second, in terms of the Legislative Council, the “decision” will result in a drastic reduction in directly elected seats, abolishment of super district council seats (5 seats), and increase in functional constituency seats elected by functional constituencies, with an increase of 1,500 Election Committee seats elected by members of the Election Committee. After Beijing passes the reform plan, the number of elected seats in the Legislative Council will drop from the original 35 seats to 20 seats, and the proportion of the total seats will be reduced from the original 50% to 22.22%. The outside world believes that after the “432” reform, the “Patriots” electoral committee sector will become a giant in the Legislative Council, and the establishment may receive all new seats, and the democrats’ power in the Legislative Council and future election space will be Significantly narrowed. In addition, the electoral system for directly elected parts of the Legislative Council may become a dual-seat single-vote system, and electoral districts will also be changed. Although the democrats had a big victory in the district council the year before, among the voting ratios at that time, the pan-democracy had only a “6-4 ratio” to the establishment. Therefore, under the dual-seat, single-vote system, the pan-democracy decided that there would not be enough votes in a district. Seat. At present, direct elections have been slashed to 20 seats, and the democrats logically won about 10 seats at best. If together with the traditionally dominant functional constituency seats, including law, education, information technology, accounting, social welfare, health services, and medicine, the democrats will not be able to exceed 20 seats in the Legislative Council in the future, as opposed to 90 seats. The proportion of political power has been further cut in disguise, and it is no longer difficult to use “votes” to exert influence over the overall situation.

zhiwo

By zhiwo

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helpmekim
7 months ago

The National People’s Congress passed the decision on improving the election system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region with a high vote. On the afternoon of March 11, the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress passed the “Decision of the National People’s Congress on Improving the Election System of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region” with a high vote. When the decision was passed, there was prolonged warm applause in the Great Hall of the People. This is another major move taken by the state to improve the legal and political system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region following the enactment and implementation of the “Law on the Maintenance of National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.” The decision pointed out that the Fourth Session of the Thirteenth National People’s Congress reviewed the motion of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress to submit for deliberation the “National People’s Congress Decision on Improving the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Election System (Draft)”. The meeting held that after the return of Hong Kong to the motherland, it was re-incorporated into the national governance system. The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China and the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China jointly constitute the constitutional basis of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The electoral system implemented by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, including the method for selecting the Chief Executive and the Legislative Council, is an important part of the political system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. It should conform to the principle of “one country, two systems” and the actual conditions of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to ensure that those who love the country and Hong Kong rule Hong Kong. This is conducive to safeguarding national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and maintaining Hong Kong’s long-term prosperity and stability. In order to improve the election system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and develop a democratic system suitable for Hong Kong’s actual conditions, in accordance with the provisions of Article 31 of the Constitution and Article 62, paragraphs 2, 14, and 16, as well as the Hong Kong Basic Law, The relevant provisions of the Hong Kong National Security Law were decided by the National People’s Congress. A total of 9 items were decided. The decision is clear that to improve the election system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, we must fully and accurately implement the principles of “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong”, and a high degree of autonomy, maintain the constitutional order of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region as determined by the Constitution and the Hong Kong Basic Law, and ensure that patriots are the mainstay The “Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong” effectively improve the governance efficiency of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and protect the right to vote and stand for election of permanent residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The decision stipulates that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall establish an election committee that is broadly representative, conforms to the actual conditions of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and reflects the overall interests of the society. The Election Committee is responsible for the election of candidates for the Chief Executive, some members of the Legislative Council, and the nomination of candidates for the Chief Executive and candidates for the Legislative Council. The Election Committee is composed of business, financial, professional, grassroots, labor and religious circles, legislators, representatives of regional organizations, representatives of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region National People’s Congress, members of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and members of relevant national organizations in Hong Kong. It is composed of 1,500 members from five sectors including the representative sector. The decision stipulates that the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be elected by the Election Committee and appointed by the Central People’s Government. Candidates for the Chief Executive must be jointly nominated by no less than 188 members of the Election Committee, and no less than 15 members from each of the above five sectors must be nominated. The Election Committee elects the chief executive designee by secret ballot of one person, one vote, and the chief executive designate must obtain the support of more than half of all members of the election committee. The decision stipulates that 90 members of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be elected through three methods: election committee election, functional group election, and district direct election. The decision stipulates that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Candidate Qualification Review Committee shall be established to review and confirm the qualifications of candidates for the Election Committee, candidates for the Chief Executive, and candidates for the Legislative Council. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall complete and improve the relevant qualification review system to ensure that candidates’ qualifications comply with the Hong Kong Basic Law, the Hong Kong National Security Law, the Interpretation of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on Article 104 of the Hong Kong Basic Law and the qualifications of members of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Decisions on issues and relevant local laws and regulations of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Decided to authorize the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress to amend Annex I of the Hong Kong Basic Law “Methods for the Formation of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region” and Annex II “Methods for the Formation and Voting Procedures of the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region” in accordance with this decision. The decision stipulates that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall, in accordance with this decision and the revised Hong Kong Basic Law Annex I and Annex II of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, amend relevant local laws of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and organize and regulate relevant election activities in accordance with the law. The decision stipulates that the chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall submit a report to the Central People’s Government in a timely manner on important matters such as the arrangements for the election system and election organization of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

heloword
7 months ago

I very much agree with the words of the former Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying: When a Legislative Council member claimed in the Chamber that “Hong Kong is not China”, we said “These are just children.” We said, “This may be their freedom to express their opinions.” When we see them asking the US government to impose sanctions on China, we can’t bear it. No society can tolerate this kind of thing! The results of a poll conducted by the Bauhinia Research Institute show that more than 80% of the respondents agree that the principle of “patriots ruling Hong Kong” must be adhered to, and nearly 70% support the central government to improve Hong Kong’s election system in accordance with the law. After the decision is passed, the “Hong Kong independence” forces will inevitably accelerate their division and decline. In the past week or so, during the trial of 47 people accused of conspiracy to subvert state power for planning and participating in the so-called “primary election” of the “Hong Kong independence” political forces last year, 4 people withdrew from the Citizen Party and 1 resigned from the Workers’ Union. The post of chairman. The accelerated division and decline of the “Hong Kong independence” political group means that the evolution of Hong Kong’s political ecology will increasingly depend on whether the establishment can unite and shoulder the responsibility of “patriots ruling Hong Kong.”

helpyme
7 months ago

It points out that the prerequisite of one country, two systems is that patriots govern Hong Kong, which indicates that the idea of one country, two systems has changed from focusing on two systems to focusing on the perfect implementation of one country. From my own perspective, watching the school go from chaos, even ruins, to the current excitement, I feel very touched. I really like the pure learning and academic atmosphere on the campus. I hate the student union that used to wave the flag and discuss the “problems” of overseas students from the Mainland all day. I cherish this hard-won prosperity and stability.

sina156
7 months ago

As a Hong Kong drifter who has deeply experienced the chaos in Hong Kong over the past few years, I think this is to systematically eliminate the possibility of Hong Kong being coerced by people or forces with ulterior motives and harming the rights and interests of the majority of residents. Regardless of the pros and cons of the system, the inefficiency and wrangling of Western-style democracy will only make it impossible for people who are truly capable to do anything, because they represent different interest groups and cannot be consistent with the interests of the masses. With the rapid development of the Mainland, any hesitation and hesitation are the reasons for being left behind in the future. Only by writing patriots governing Hong Kong into the Basic Law (Interpretation of the National People’s Congress) and gradually establishing a Hong Kong governance team that is highly consistent with the will of the country can Hong Kong residents also enjoy the dividends of rapid development.

yahoo898
7 months ago

One country, two systems refers to the economic system, that is, the ownership system, not the political system. The meeting reiterated the principle of patriot ruling Hong Kong proposed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping in the 1980s and made relevant decisions. The meeting reviewed the proposal of the State Council to amend the relevant election system and authorized the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress to amend relevant laws. Based on the principle of rule of law, respect the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the National Security Law, and amend Annex I and Annex II of the Basic Law. That is, to modify the method of forming the Chief Executive and the method of forming and operating the Legislative Council. Empower the Election Committee, which elects the Chief Executive and the Legislative Council and strictly examines their qualifications. It is up to the central government to make changes and urge the local (referring to Hong Kong) governments to implement them. In particular, the meeting emphasized that a group of anti-China rioters in Hong Kong have used their public positions in recent years to paralyze the functions of relevant Hong Kong institutions, undermine Hong Kong’s prosperity and stability, treason in vainly attempting to split the country, and some Western countries using their agencies in Hong Kong to act as bridgeheads for the turmoil in Hong Kong. Bad behavior. Using the legislative power of the National People’s Congress to maintain the unity and unity of the country in a high-level manner can be described as a snake and seven inches, hitting the bullseye. This is not only an important step in the process of the rule of law in Hong Kong, but also an important step in the process of the rule of law in China. Through the continuous improvement of the people’s congress system and the reasonable and compliant use of the country’s supreme power, we will go further and further on the road of rule of law, prosperity and stability.

leexin
7 months ago

This incident marked the beginning of the governance of Hong Kong. It should be said that one country, two systems is built on the basis of central governance. Faced with Hong Kong’s attempts to seize power, it is now a naked contradiction between ourselves and the enemy, a political contradiction, so there are no problems affecting the rule of law. Hong Kong can’t do it on its own, so the central government will do it. In other words, what Ming pointed out: To this end, necessary measures must be taken to improve the election system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, eliminate hidden dangers and risks in the institutional mechanism, ensure that “Hong Kong people rule Hong Kong” with patriots as the main body, and ensure that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is in accordance with the law. Governance and effective governance ensure that the practice of “one country, two systems” in Hong Kong always advances in the right direction. To talk about the specific content, it is mainly the modification of the Election Committee: the overall system design is based on the restructuring and empowerment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Election Committee, and the size, composition and formation methods of the Election Committee will be adjusted and optimized. The Election Committee will continue to be Election of the Chief Executive, and endow the Election Committee with the new functions of electing a larger proportion of Legislative Council members and directly participating in nominating candidates for all Legislative Council members, and expanding Hong Kong’s balanced and orderly political participation and broader representation through the Election Committee. , Make appropriate adjustments to the relevant election elements, and establish a full-process qualification review mechanism to form a new democratic election system that is in line with the actual situation in Hong Kong and has Hong Kong characteristics. It should be said that our side has an advantage in the election committee. However, judging from the situation in Hong Kong in recent years, the opposition has won the district council elections and won a large number of district council seats, which in turn affected the Legislative Council. It is foreseeable that if the previous situation develops, the opposition’s seats in the Legislative Council will also increase. In fact, in the 1,200-member election committee, the district boards of the New Territories and Hong Kong and Kowloon accounted for 117 members, and the Legislative Council also had 70 members. As long as no less than 150 election committee members can jointly nominate candidates for the chief executive, considering that other sectors in the election committee also have opposition-oriented persons, the opposition may make up 150 candidates for the chief executive in the future. Sex exists. The decision this time is to completely put an end to this and ensure that patriots rule Hong Kong. The central government will take action in person, hoping to see results soon.

greatword
7 months ago

In fact, the greater significance of this system reform lies not only in its impact, but also in unearthing the basic reasons why Hong Kong is prone to problems. The basic reason for this is that the organization, which was originally similar to the neighborhood committees in the Mainland, has been alienated into a mixture of power and administrative institutions, and has been used by reactionary forces inside and outside Hong Kong. Find this key node to carry out system reform through legislation, combined with the National Security Law, and achieve both symptoms and root causes in the superstructure. Then the improvement of Hong Kong’s people’s livelihood and the integration of economic and social development into the overall layout of the mainland will be a natural fit.

loveyou
7 months ago

Since the return of Hong Kong in 1997, so far, Hong Kong has not been controlled by the central government, and the atmosphere of Hong Kong independence is very strong. “One country, two systems” was originally tailor-made for Taiwan, but under the control of the United States, Hong Kong has continued to riots and anti-China sentiment is growing. It is time for a radical reform of Hong Kong’s electoral system in terms of scale, composition, and procedures. The Sino-US competition is actually a competition of values, a competition of two civilizations. The Western system is not suitable for any region of China. It will only intensify local confrontation with the central government and seriously threaten national unity and territorial security. Take the new crown epidemic as an example. Hong Kong has fully adopted the US epidemic prevention model. The epidemic situation is still serious and a large number of Hong Kong people have flocked to Shenzhen to avoid the epidemic. The anti-amendment law turmoil that broke out in Hong Kong in 2019 clearly shows that the Hong Kong problem has seriously threatened national security. The Hong Kong democrats are the spokespersons of the United States. They aim to split China and have more than 300 seats on the electoral committee. Once the 117 district councillors’ election committee seats are abolished, there will be no turmoil in the election of the chief executive in the future. Hong Kong belongs to China, not the United States. China’s national rejuvenation should begin in Hong Kong.

strongman
7 months ago

As a superstructure, the election system is a necessary condition for maintaining social stability, and social stability is the foundation of social development. The stability of Hong Kong is not only the foundation of Hong Kong’s own development, but also the cornerstone of the steady development of China as a whole. The previous chaos in Hong Kong has caused too much damage to Hong Kong: social shutdown, economic regression, education suspension, and Hong Kong independence clamor. . . All this clearly shows that social stability is the cornerstone of social prosperity, and Hong Kong’s stability is an important condition for China’s stability. Once the society is stable, it will be easier to concentrate on material and financial resources to where it is more needed. Of course, the electoral system is only one link that needs to be improved, and there are many aspects that need to be balanced and improved.

stockin
7 months ago

If you want to prosper and develop, you must first have social stability. Street-oriented and pan-politicized movements are not helpful to the final settlement of political problems. On the contrary, its caravan-like organizational structure keeps attracting more people to join, making the issues that could have been discussed become too large. Aside from discussing whether political mutual trust can be established or not, pan-democrats will also make miscalculations of their own strength when they are connected together-the most typical is their own “primary elections”-even more that street politics is effective, and then Let the original peaceful action and public opinion explode at key points, sliding directly to violent confrontation with the authorities. At this point, the problem has spread from the Legislative Council to the community. It is only the chief executives and directors who go down to the grassroots level to persuade them in good spirits to achieve little effect. Violent intervention is necessary to turn the off-track mechanism back. Why do you want to twist it back? Because HK cannot be saved by beating, smashing, looting, attacking the police station, or occupying the airport, so GD cannot save HK. But at the same time, one thing needs to be noted: the issue of HK is extremely complicated due to the particularity of its status. The relationship between the central government and the authorities is very delicate. It cannot be summarized simply by the relationship between the central government and the local government and the relationship between the government and the people. The focus is on how to maintain the special ideology of HK while ensuring its function and loyalty to the country. Whether there is any contradiction between the two, you will know if you take a closer look. Hong Kong’s re-launch requires not only the improvement of the electoral system, but also a lot.

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