The Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress voted and passed the decision of the National People’s Congress on improving the election system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
In view of the fact that the domestic media provided very little relevant information, I will quote more specific content reported by the Hong Kong media. For a long time, under the Basic Law system, the Election Committee and the Legislative Council have played extremely important roles in Hong Kong’s political arena. They are also the main battlefield for power struggles among various factions, because the former (commonly known as the small circle) elects the chief executive, while the latter is the SAR III. One of the powers of the legislature. The content of the reform (hereinafter referred to as the “decision”) adopted by Beijing this time involves these two institutions, and the extent is called “overhaul” (overhaul). First, with regard to the Election Committee, on the basis of the original four 300-member electoral committees composed of 1,200 members, the “decision” to add a new constituency of 300 members. As a result, the new election committee will have 1,500 people. The outside world generally believes that the establishment will have an absolute advantage in the New Territories, while the candidates for the chief executive introduced by the democrats will face more challenges. At the same time, the “decision” stipulates two conditions for the candidate for the chief executive to be nominated and formally become a candidate (commonly known as admission): The candidate must be nominated by no less than 188/1500 members of the election committee; No less than 15/300 members from each sector are nominated. Some people even believe that in the future, it will be impossible for the candidates for the chief executive supported by the democrats to enter the gate, and a “equal election” scenario may appear.
Second, in terms of the Legislative Council, the “decision” will result in a drastic reduction in directly elected seats, abolishment of super district council seats (5 seats), and increase in functional constituency seats elected by functional constituencies, with an increase of 1,500 Election Committee seats elected by members of the Election Committee. After Beijing passes the reform plan, the number of elected seats in the Legislative Council will drop from the original 35 seats to 20 seats, and the proportion of the total seats will be reduced from the original 50% to 22.22%. The outside world believes that after the “432” reform, the “Patriots” electoral committee sector will become a giant in the Legislative Council, and the establishment may receive all new seats, and the democrats’ power in the Legislative Council and future election space will be Significantly narrowed. In addition, the electoral system for directly elected parts of the Legislative Council may become a dual-seat single-vote system, and electoral districts will also be changed. Although the democrats had a big victory in the district council the year before, among the voting ratios at that time, the pan-democracy had only a “6-4 ratio” to the establishment. Therefore, under the dual-seat, single-vote system, the pan-democracy decided that there would not be enough votes in a district. Seat. At present, direct elections have been slashed to 20 seats, and the democrats logically won about 10 seats at best. If together with the traditionally dominant functional constituency seats, including law, education, information technology, accounting, social welfare, health services, and medicine, the democrats will not be able to exceed 20 seats in the Legislative Council in the future, as opposed to 90 seats. The proportion of political power has been further cut in disguise, and it is no longer difficult to use “votes” to exert influence over the overall situation.