If you are not picky about the city, the benefits of 54 are good, the salary you get is really good in Shijiazhuang, the housing prices are not so outrageous, the consumption level is moderate, and you don’t have to face the huge pressure of survival in first-tier cities. If you study military products or many national projects, many directions are sophisticated. You can focus on the research itself. You don’t know much about civilian products and you are not qualified to speak. In addition to individual project groups (such as 5G now), ZTE Huawei’s R&D work is not so high-level. The R&D direction is subject to market demand. More work is in customization and optimization, and is biased towards application. Non-research, the direction has to be led by the product line or marketing. In addition, the professional life expectancy is relatively long in the research institute. There is no mid-life crisis in ZTE Huawei. Although the research institute is developing on the road of restructuring, I think it will have little impact on the future development of the 54th Research Institute. But the disadvantage is that after entering this type of research institute, the way to change jobs in the future is relatively narrow. After all, technology is relatively boring and shackles. People in middle age want to experience another way of life or realize their self-worth in other aspects. , The research institute has limited options for jumping out. In addition, the research institute cannot escape the system, even if most of the technical people are relatively pure, the system cannot escape the siege, so you must consider whether your personality and value orientation are suitable for development within the system. For ZTE and Huawei, the biggest advantage is that the degree of freedom is relatively high. As long as your research direction is not too biased, the choice of job-hopping is still relatively wide, and the success rate of internal transfer is very high. For example, you have been doing research and development for several years and found that you are communicating. If you are talented in communication, you can use your technical background and communication skills to transfer to product lines or markets, do technical clarification, demand analysis, and it’s okay to travel at home and abroad, and project management. The direction is broad and not bad. And in the choice of city, there are many options. The second advantage is that you are more energetic. There are many young people and many leave. People around you will always change one crop after another, and will invisibly urge you to grow up. The third point is that the distribution system is more reasonable. Huawei has nothing to say, but ZTE is worse. Huawei really doesn’t care about you or it, you just get out if you don’t play work. ZTE has some shadows of state-owned enterprises, and there are still a little bit of stealing and slippery. It is inevitable that you will encounter related households in the research institute, especially the functional departments such as agencies. Many of them are arranged to come in with some backgrounds. They are lazy every day and you have to do research and hold code every day. The result is almost the same amount of money. Will it be unbalanced? The disadvantage of ZTE Huawei is that, first, you have to plan a very clear career for yourself. The brothers engaged in research and development eat youth rice. When they are thirty-five years old, 80% of them have to consider the issue of transformation. There are not many R&D experts who can reach the age of 40 or 50. If you have mediocre management skills and normal communication and dealings with people, you will probably feel worthless when you come to ZTE Huawei until you are 40 years old. If you continue to engage in front-line R&D, you may be too old and unable to do well, and you have not planned or managed. Ability, you can’t do management work, eloquence is not as sensitive as your brain, nor can you accurately deliver demand. Profit-seeking companies will squeeze your last bit of energy and throw you aside. So you have to keep thinking about your future plans, there is always a sense of crisis, of course, this kind of thing will have different effects on different people, some people enjoy this kind of pressure, some people don’t want to be bound by this kind of pressure . Second, when doing R&D at ZTE Huawei, you are a screw on the production line, and the module responsible is very single. If you happen to be classified as an unpopular or sunset product, it is still difficult to find a similar direction if you want to change jobs. . The third is that although going to ZTE and Huawei makes a lot of money on the surface, the pressure to survive is really great. The major research institutes are still in Shenzhen, Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou and Nanjing. Even if the annual salary is 20w, the salary will continue to increase year after year. How long will it take you to buy a house worth three to five million without relying on your home? If you go to 54 schools, buying a house is not a problem, and it is not difficult to buy a set after working for a long time to pick up your parents. Also, it is difficult to find someone. There are inherently few girls doing research and development, and the nature of the work determines the long working hours. The amateur life is relatively monotonous and there are few opportunities to contact girls. If you follow the blind date route, the attractiveness of ZTE Huawei’s work in first-tier cities will definitely not be higher than the attractiveness of your 54 local girls in Shijiazhuang. Of course there are objects that can be ignored. Fourth, the industry prospects. Civil communications has reached 5G, and no one can say what direction it will develop in the future. In recent years, despite the rise of the Internet of Things, 5G triumphant advancement, and prosperity, major domestic and even international operators have had a hard time, their profit margins have fallen, and they are all seeking reforms. They all say that the years after 18 years will be the communications field. In the cold winter of China, whether the entire industry will go toward the sunset or continue to flourish in the future is not good for everyone. This is a big unknown. In general, it depends on what kind of person you are and what kind of life you are suitable for. The two choices have their own strengths and their own worries. There is no standard answer. The two choices are two life directions that are quite different. Choose carefully. In the end, I didn’t listen. I read a few answers and felt very uncomfortable. Whether you are in the research institute or ZTE Huawei, answer a question, there is no need to fight against each other. Just tell the people at the crossroads of life what you know objectively. The choice is theirs. People are here to ask for help, not to watch the tears, and to say something well, it is not a debate contest. In the end, I worked at one of ZTE Huawei. My knowledge of the institute came from the narratives of classmates working in the institute. It may not be comprehensive enough or there are errors. I hope that the wrong place is my brother Haihan who works in the institute. +Correct.