Four yuan per kilogram, one hundred yuan per car, thousand yuan per ton
Pirates of black soil “mining area” discovered in Phoenix Valley
Harbin Natural Resources Bureau, Agriculture and Rural Bureau, Public Security Bureau and other departments have been involved in the investigation
Aerial photography storage field
Aerial photography of the excavation site. Photographed by Zhang Yuchi
On the 20th, relevant departments in Harbin carried out joint patrol activities and discovered the problem of pirating and selling black soil. A “mining-type” pirate excavation site was also found in the Phoenix Mountain area. Under the background that Wuchang rice is well-known throughout the country, some criminals from the south have also focused on the black soil that can grow high-quality rice. Under the banner of renting land, they robbed a large number of black soil from woodland, black soil from wetland and black soil from farmland, selling flowers and vegetables to urban residents in the near future, and selling them to the south to breed and raise flowers.
“The deepest part was dug to 2 meters, and the soil layer can only settle 2 mm per year.” On the 22nd, Mr. Song, an environmental protection volunteer from the public security system, provided clues to the Heilongjiang Daily: Near Futai Village, Shahezi Town, Wuchang City, Harbin City, It was found that large areas of wetlands and rice fields were destroyed by humans, including the black surface soil and subsurface peat were destructively excavated.
On the 23rd, the reporter and his party drove more than 300 kilometers to this valley surrounded by the Phoenix Mountain Reserve, and saw hundreds of acres of rice fields and ditch ponds being robbed by “scraping land”. The “rafts” (another name for the locals) that have not been transported away are piled up like hills in the fields beside several natural villages.
1 Southern merchants actually rented land to dig black soil
This is a huge valley surrounded by Phoenix Mountain and other mountains, and the aerial photographs are endless rice fields. Liangdianzitun is located in the frontier of the valley, and some farmers who have returned from the land are walking in the village. I heard that someone was going to buy a raft. Everyone gathered and revealed that there were also some piles here. They were all outside the rows of houses and it was not easy to see them. “It was dug last winter, and I heard that it will be sold to southerners. This stuff is expensive and sells for thousands of yuan per ton. The village was dug up the previous year and it was piled up in the ground, hundreds of thousands of land because it was not planted.”
A “black dragon” with a length of two to three hundred meters and a height of more than ten meters was piled on the rice field. The villagers did not shy away from it, and bluntly said that the soil was taken from three locations: one is the middle of the woodland and at the foot of the mountain; the other is the meadow by the ditch, pond, and the river; and the third is the surface layer of the rice field. “It takes a lot of trouble to deal with the stalks in the fields every year, so the digging of flour becomes a rare thing, and it makes more money than growing rice.” “We don’t have the ability to do it. It is all made by southern merchants after renting the land.” The reporter got it. Gave such information.
Outside Futaitun, there are two such “black dragons”, occupying a large amount of arable land, 500 meters to the west of the village, there are still large areas of wetland and rice fields that have been destroyed by people. According to some villagers, after some outsiders bought local farmland, it was not used for farming, but aimed at the black soil resources here. The peat in this wetland and rice field has just been mined for less than a month. “All the merchants who come to contract the land are southern merchants. After a brief processing here, the peat will be sold to the south at a price of about 4 yuan per kilogram for use as flower fertilizer, organic soil, etc.” This year the price of chemical fertilizers has risen, this behavior It is even more rampant. After the peat soil and peat soil dug around are sold, it will be calculated at ten million yuan.
2 Occupy more than a dozen rice fields to store and sell “raft soil”
A villager in Wangjiajie’ertun told the reporter that the several black soil mountains that were seen along the way were small, and there was a large storage yard nearby in Sansanban Village, where a large amount of “raft soil” was piled up, occupying at least more than 10 areas.垧地. The reporter and several villagers repeatedly confirmed whether the land area was more than 10 square meters or more than 10 acres. The villagers said that more than 10 square meters were small, and at most it was like a hill: “At that time, I was shocked by the old and the boss is a piece of land. If you look at it, you will know that there are rice stubbles in the normal farming area, and the ground they occupy is bare, which is especially easy to find.”
The reporter learned from more people that this storage site belongs to Hong, the “Brigade Secretary” of the three-person class. All these “raft soil” belong to Hong to contact and build bridges. The southern boss brought a large trailer, one truck and one truck. Car pull. There is basically nothing left now, and basically everything is taken away. A villager also provided reporters with a mobile phone number, saying that he could call Hong’s mobile phone directly when he bought “Raft Soil”. Obviously he was already familiar with this matter.
When the reporter came to this storage yard, he saw four or five black hills tens of meters high, and deserted rice fields below. “The land has been abandoned for two years. The soil has been dug out from the rice fields. Now the rice fields are flat, and there is no trace of it. This year I said it was planting rice, but if you look at such a high mountain, why don’t you go away? What about planting?” A villager said that the excavation was so vigorous in the past two years that he even forgot about the business of farming. This soil belongs to the state, so when an individual says he sells it, he sells it?
The reporter has visited the black soil and wetlands in our province with Professor Ma Yongsheng, a water conservancy expert from the Northeast Agricultural University. According to him, rice fields also belong to the category of wetlands. Peat is an organic mineral resource formed by the transformation and accumulation of dead plant residues in wetlands. It has the characteristics of light weight, water retention, and fertilizer retention, which is beneficial to microbial activities, enhances biological performance, and is rich in nutrients. It is not only a cultivation substrate, but also a good soil conditioner, and contains high organic matter, humic acid and nutrients. However, peat is a non-renewable resource, and its exploitation is very harmful to the environment.
According to environmental protection volunteers, the stolen wetlands and rice fields in Futaitun alone amounted to 5 hectares, exposing a layer of white gypsum soil, with an average depth of more than two meters. “The geological structure here is very special. From top to bottom, it is cinnamon soil, black soil, peat, white gypsum soil, red gypsum soil, and loess layer. This structure is very conducive to the growth of rice and has very good water storage. A wetland About 2 mm thick peat is formed every year, and the mining depth is about 2 meters. How many years does it take to form?”
3 Crazy demand for e-commerce has led to frequent black hands on the black soil
The reporter understands that very few locals are engaged in black soil trading, and there are outsiders operating behind the scenes. Even locals who follow the trend dare not speak up. In Wuchang City, the reporter visited many markets and asked many flower and soil sellers who said they wanted to buy turf soil or black soil, but were told that they did not.
After several setbacks, an insider was contacted. According to him, in some markets, in addition to the “raft soil” used by farmers to grow their own seedlings, there are also peat soil and peat soil that can grow flowers and vegetables, but it is illegal to dig the soil. Everyone knows that, so now most of them are stealing. Picking. The soil and reeds are stirred together and fermented, and then sold as organic fertilizer.
The insider said that black soil and turf soil fermented from reeds are very popular in the south, and locals have made them three or four years ago. If a stranger directly says to buy black soil or peat soil at the local flower market, he will definitely not be able to buy it. You have to rely on acquaintances to talk about buying “raft soil” and then what kind of black soil and what proportion are needed. Pure black soil can also be bought The price is different.