South Korea’s low fertility rate has brought many social problems. Due to the decline in the number of students, some colleges and universities in South Korea have encountered difficulties in enrolling students. According to statistics, the number of Korean college entrance examinations in 2020 is 493,433, which is the first time since 1994 to drop below 500,000; at the same time, the number of college entrance examinations in the 2020 academic year is lower than the total enrollment for the first time.

There is widespread concern among South Korean educators that this kind of dissatisfaction with recruitment will continue, which will trigger a wave of university closures. Although the South Korean government has continuously introduced relevant measures more than ten years ago to alleviate the phenomenon of low fertility, it is obviously not effective. The young people in South Korea are even called the “three throws” generation. “Three throws” refers to abandoning love, getting married, and having children. (CCTV Finance)

(1) The so-called low fertility rate is relative to the “high fertility rate” (an average of 3 to 6 children born to a family) that emerged in order to quickly replenish the population after the population base of various countries became smaller after World War II. Now that the population base is large and the total number is stable, most people have a higher self-worth realization pursuit. A family only has 1 or 2 children, leaving a part of freely disposable resources (time + money + energy) for themselves. It is normal. (2) Colleges and universities are essentially an industry (educational industry), and they should also follow the principle of supply-demand balance and adjust according to the number of students and educational needs. It is normal to shut down and transfer. It is in favor of the separation of scientific research posts and teaching posts in colleges and universities. The setting of scientific research posts follows the national strategic development needs, which is relatively stable and planable; the setting of teaching posts matches the number of students, market demand for talents, and occupational structure, and is dynamically adjusted. (3) It is not in favor of the excessive sanctification of college education (degree education) and the excessive sanctification of the profession of college teachers (transmitting knowledge). He believes that the number of colleges can only be increased and cannot be reduced; that college teachers cannot have unemployment and must ensure their jobs. , In order to ensure the increase in the number of students, the blind expansion of enrollment will cause the future employment market for college students to become more involuntary and difficult. (4) Particularly disapprove of the expansion of graduate students who ignore the actual needs of the market. On the one hand, graduate students will inevitably “marry and give birth later”, which will exacerbate the crisis of declining birthrate and lead to a decline in fertility; on the other hand, the demand for scientific research talents has always been small, sophisticated and innovative. The demand for talents has always been the more the better. The age of 22-30 is the most innovative and aggressive time in a person’s life. It can create higher value in the talent market, and a large number of colleges and universities are recruited for masters, masters, and doctoral degrees. In the case of limited demand for scientific research positions, the involution and waste of highly educated talents is almost inevitable (the current phenomenon of some master’s degree delivery and doctoral nanny, more or less can explain this point). (5) Talent = 30% family education + 30% school education + 40% self-education and social experience. Getting a degree does not mean that it must be a talent. A high school student who has received a complete 12 years of basic compulsory education (6 years of elementary school + 6 years of middle school), and an undergraduate who has studied for 4 more years of university, is mainly due to the difference of an academic certificate, and the ability to solve problems In terms of earning power, it is not necessarily higher or lower. In summary, the 12-year basic compulsory education must be guaranteed. It is an inclusive cultivation of comprehensive knowledge + comprehensive quality of the people. Higher education (academic education) can be used as a personal choice. It is just one way to become talented/successful.

zhiwo

By zhiwo

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helpmekim
6 months ago

More than ten years ago, when I was still in college, I heard a senior from Taiwan say that it’s okay. Sooner or later you will be the same as ours in Taiwan, per capita college students! Everyone here does not mean that everyone really has a college diploma, but that if everyone wants to go to university, there really is a university to go to. At that time, I still remember that as a fan, I studied the backgrounds of many Taiwanese singers and band members, and found that many of them graduated from various prestigious schools, and they studied all kinds of majors. For example, many of them studied medicine. There are quite a few majors in political science. Later, when I looked at Taiwan’s variety shows, I found that many of the snacks at the night market were college students, and many graduated from prestigious schools. At one time, I was still confused, are there really so many young people who love to set up stalls and open shops? Is it bad to work in your own professional field? Later, I learned that Taiwan’s industry does not provide so many job opportunities. Many Ph.Ds who have returned from studying abroad can only be teachers in some unfamiliar universities. Gradually, some people have discovered that whether or not to go to university will not have much impact on their future employment. In other words, if they have not been admitted to a school and major such as the Department of Electrical Engineering of National Taiwan University (the former ace major), there will be no Great future. As a result, some people in Taiwan will naturally choose not to go to university and go directly to learn a craft, or work part-time to save money for their future livelihood and accumulation. I also said in the first two years that the future job market is likely to have only three types of jobs, technical, resource exchange, and miscellaneous. If it is for the purpose of employment, technical majors will be pan-tiankeng, and non-technical majors will be pan-financial. With the disappearance of industry dividends, the salaries of most technical jobs will return to an average level. These have actually been happening in the past ten years. The most typical ones are civil engineering and mechanical engineering. These majors were pretty good ones ten years ago, but they quickly became popular under the four trillion bonus. The industry, but after the end of the bonus period, it began to fall off a cliff, and in the last few years it was also classified as a quasi-tiankeng professional. And because of the profit of the industry, there has been a grand occasion for everyone to switch to CS because of the industry’s profit. In the end, you will find that these technical majors have roughly returned to an average level. Although there is still a gap between them, it is no longer so obvious. The CS brought up by the Internet will gradually return to the mean due to the gradual decline of dividends. Although this regression period will be very long, the mean will still be higher than other industries, but in essence, there will be no more The gap is incredible. If it belongs to the miscellaneous category, it is the general worker in the office building, always accepting market prices and silently under the mercy of the “5,000 yuan rule.” If it belongs to the resource exchange category, it will be like the current pan-financial industry. What position you can get depends on what resources you have. The good old days where you can accumulate contacts and resources from scratch by relying on study and hard work are long gone. You hope that an old man in the industry will take you with you, but why should an old man with resources take you? What? Therefore, for all majors, when reflected in the job market, there will be a mean reversion phenomenon in the future where everyone is pretty much the same. What can bring you qualitative changes, apart from the resources your family gives you, there is only shit luck left. .

heloword
6 months ago

I think of the original guide for pregnant women that South Korea can apply for. It is very interesting to look at it together: the official Korean guide for pregnant women includes housework and weight loss during pregnancy, preparing food for the husband before childbirth, and changing clothes…Although low fertility is not conducive to social development , But that’s the issue that the top Koreans are more concerned about. The bottom is already very tired just living and can’t afford to give birth. Although I have basically no hope of escape from the exploitation of the chaebol, I can at least choose not to let my children come to this world and repeat the same mistakes: Don’t want to enslave my offspring, because I have no offspring! In this way, the chaebols must be anxious, because the bottom is infertile, the original middle and high-level will re-divide into the bottom…

helpyme
6 months ago

At this stage, we can learn from the methods of developed countries 40 or 50 years ago in dealing with certain things. Basically, they have all experienced similar problems. So in 20 to 30 years, will we also encounter South Korea’s problems? Judging from the current data, this problem will soon appear. At the two sessions, the representatives used various methods to stimulate fertility, including but not limited to lowering the marriage age, stimulating multiple births, increasing birth subsidies, and solving the urban housing problem of young people. The purpose is to increase fertility and deal with the possible demographic crisis. A set of data on Shanghai’s birth population from 1990 to 2020 is circulating on the Internet, suggesting that the Shanghai birth population has been declining by a cliff in the past 30 years. Online data shows: “On January 1, 1990, a total of 2,784 people were born in Shanghai; on January 1, 2000, a total of 1,148 people were born in Shanghai; on January 1, 2010, a total of 380 people were born in Shanghai; January 1, 2020 In Japan, a total of 156 people were born in Shanghai.” This data has been circulating in the public, but if this is the case, the social problems caused by it are immeasurable. We will also face the situation where elementary and junior high schools merge and universities cannot recruit people. Therefore, we should respond as soon as possible, taking into account the possible problems caused by low fertility, drawing on the solutions of developed countries, combining our own national conditions, and making step-by-step plans and specific measures.

sina156
6 months ago

If the number of fried chickens is not enough, you can introduce “black chicken” 2025: “Kimchi country may introduce batches to “black people”” “The world belongs to you and it belongs to us, but ultimately all belong to “black people” and “msl” kimchi Scientists in China can try to speed up the research on the “mechanical uterus”, otherwise there will be no one else. Now I want to say some “what I want to say” in Japan, South Korea, and China. They are all similar to the volume, crazy. The difference between us and them is basically that the per capita income is not as high as them. Why would the Japanese and Korean people not have children? Because the pros of not having children> the advantages of not having children> the advantages of> the disadvantages No matter what you say, the butt is still very honest to have children. It’s so good. It’s miserable and miserable to have no children, but the fertility rate here is as old as the divorce rate. The generations have persuaded young people to live together with two people when they are married, and someone will take care of them in the second half of their lives. But the divorce rate is getting higher and higher is a real data. If marriage is better than single, why is the divorce rate higher and higher? Now in Japanese and Korean society, our future fertility rate will definitely be lower and lower, and the divorce rate will definitely be higher and higher because no matter what people say, butt is the most honest not to marry and not to have children is to have a good life. Before 2025, the fertility rate is expected to exceed 1.1 (it seems to be 1.5 now). Look at it.

yahoo898
6 months ago

This is not surprising. It is a very common law for young people to lose their schools and teachers to become unemployed. In fact, the primary and secondary schools in Jiangsu and Zhejiang have faced this situation a long time ago, but no one is paying attention to it. When I was a child, there were about 700 students in one grade in our town, and more than ten classes. Now there are only about 150 students in one grade. Most of the junior high school teachers in the town are either unemployed. If they are related, they either go to the town government to do contract work or continue. be a teacher. Let’s talk about our county. Our county was a large county with a population of 1.2 million in the 1980s. As early as 1980, one child was compulsory. Due to the large number of women of childbearing age, there were still almost 20,000 people born every year during the 80-90 years. The best high school in our county is also our alma mater. It selects the top 1,000 from these 20,000 children, which makes our school a prestigious school in the province (most of the time the college entrance examination results are ranked in the top 20 in the province). When it is good, you can take a dozen Qingbei exams every year, and when you are bad, you can take four or five exams. In addition, there are also some languages ​​that are recommended to North Qingbei (the number of students enrolled by the two schools in Qingbei in our province each year is generally about 300). . But the good times didn’t last long. By 1995, the number of births dropped below 7,000, and the county could only choose the top 1,000 from these 7,000. This has caused our school’s college entrance examination results to decline almost year by year since 2010, and in 2020, no one has passed the Qingbei exam for the first time (it is said that this is the first time). It is foreseeable that if our fertility rate is still like this (there is no need to continue to decline), then in 20 years, maybe as long as 10 years, we will have many universities closed because they cannot recruit students.

leexin
6 months ago

First and foremost, congratulations. At the beginning of this century, the Republic of Korea finally realized its dream of a century of struggle, becoming a medium-sized developed country, and 30 years ahead of its neighbors. This achievement is rare, self-sufficient, and unprecedented. As for the towering housing prices in Seoul, the lowest fertility rate in the world, the tragic Korean college entrance examination, the solidification of the class, the Samsung father, the Korean president who has been in prison continuously, the tortured female stars, etc., may all be in the process of national development. “Small” price. But please pay attention to comrades, “Compared with the great achievements of Korean national rejuvenation, the shortcomings and mistakes are the relationship between one finger and nine fingers, and the results are great! Undoubtedly!”

greatword
6 months ago

Let me start with the conclusion that people who are anxious about trafficking are not good people. The decline in the fertility rate will not only help increase the per capita resources of the country’s citizens, but also emancipate the mind and allow foreigners to settle down with assets and increase the proportion of social elites. Let the people of the country live better, let the elites in the underdeveloped areas have a better development platform, and liberate the social mind. This is the dividend of economic progress and the integration of human destiny. As long as South Korea liberalizes a little immigration policy, the low fertility rate is not a problem at all. You don’t need to put too much, and migrants are released according to the number of fewer births each year, which can completely flatten the population curve. In my opinion, the low fertility rate is not a problem at all. Developed areas will have low fertility, but some people in underdeveloped areas are willing to go there. With the continuous migration and integration of developed regions, the continuous development of underdeveloped regions into developed regions, and the continuous migration and integration of more underdeveloped regions, the unity of the earth is possible.

loveyou
6 months ago

Seeing this kind of problem, you don’t have to think about it. The comments are all people who sell anxiety, cut leeks, and scold the system to make you lie flat. Hey, I know it’s cold. I advise everyone who sees this problem to watch them less. You should struggle and struggle. Struggle is always useful. Although it will not make you a big fat man with one bite, it is always good. Be solid step by step, and you can always move forward.

strongman
6 months ago

This is not just a problem for South Korea, nor is it just a lesson for China (it seems that China is about to catch up from behind), it is basically the inevitability of human development. Many species will die under the evolution of the environment. For animals, the environment refers to the natural environment, and for humans, the environment also includes the social environment. Ma Zheli talks about the first nature of matter and the second nature of consciousness. The basic structure of society affects human consciousness, and human consciousness will react to matter and substituting it into the social environment, which is the transformation of humanistic thoughts on everyone’s knowledge. For the simplest example, humans’ knowledge of eating is engraved in their genes: fat is good, starch is good, and high calorie is good. But in modern society, almost any improvement dietary instruction will tell you to eat less fat, eat less starch, and stay away from high calories. This includes the dual effects of material and consciousness. Excess material in certain aspects leads to excessive intake of sugar and fat, which is the former disease of wealth; on the other hand, under the influence of aesthetics, people reject obesity and become more and more in shape. Anxiety, driven by consciousness, also refuses these foods. This is the interaction of matter and consciousness. Returning to the issue of fertility, the more developed a society, the clearer and more refined the division of labor, the stronger the productivity, and the lower the individual’s dependence on the individual. To give another simple example, when my grandfather was alive, he never screwed my grandmother because he could not cook. When he was quarreling with grandmother, grandma would not cook for him, so he could only go hungry. It was 10 years when my grandfather passed away. There was no takeaway at that time. Grandpa had to solve the problem of eating and only rely on grandma. Today’s office workers, in addition to work that needs to be solved by themselves, other life problems can basically be solved by social division of labor. Clothes can be bought online, food can be taken out, house rentals can be found online, there are 12306 and Didi for travel, and even sex life also has various websites and babies, cups, and eggs. What followed was increasing work pressure and class stratification under social differentiation. Under the dual pressures of material demand represented by housing prices and personal consciousness awakening, the benefits of marriage have become smaller, or it is already a negative benefit (from the perspective of personal survival only). Childbirth is a further step of personal space. Encroach. Emotional sustenance has been replaced by various entertainment activities, and the demand for family affection has been increasingly reduced. In the final analysis, it is the role of the social environment. The awakening of people’s awareness in education has promoted changes in the social environment. For example, everyone on major websites (including Zhihu) enthusiastically began to discuss the benefits of non-marriage, and huddled together to warm up non-marriageism, which intensified The spread of this ideological trend has further expanded the soil for non-marriage and infertility. Single apartments, takeaways, online shopping, dating software, etc., will be relied on because of the trend of non-marriage and infertility, which in turn promotes the concept of non-marriage and infertility. The low fertility rate is the result of environmental change, which in turn has become the cause of environmental change and promotes environmental change. This is a sustainable cycle until the extinction of humans. (Joke) The Black Cat Sheriff has an episode about the death of the mantis and the groom. The male mantis is eaten by the female praying mantis on the wedding night in order to breed the next generation. (This is a natural phenomenon. Maternal refers to men and women, and there is no gender opposition). In fact, the entire biological world is a slave of gene transmission. Except for a few animals such as humans, most animals are painful in estrus and mating. But most animals follow the rule of genes, to keep duplicating these DNAs. If human beings suddenly become a mantis-like way of reproduction today, would anyone still want to get married? School district housing, milk powder money, tuition, pension, etc., are often variants eaten by praying mantis (again, regardless of gender, do not provoke opposition). When environmental changes stimulate human consciousness to fight against genetic commands, this problem is destined to be insoluble in the development of society until now. In essence, many people find that the cost of getting feelings is greater than their own gains. This is not a problem that can be calculated, but it is the judgment of many people. Therefore, unless one day human society enters true communism, when the phrase “the free development of everyone is the condition for the free development of all people” is established. Free will allows people to fully enjoy the blood kinship without paying for it, or the two conditions are connected by a greater than sign. By the way, when I first used Baidu Project Hope, the time of the three news on the homepage was 18, 2008, and 00 respectively.

stockin
6 months ago

After all, the cost of childbirth is too high now, not only the money cost, but also the business cost. I gave birth to a daughter after being impulsive. Although I love her very much, I no longer think about whether my career development would be a different story if I didn’t make the decision to give birth on an impulse. A female employee has to give birth to one year of pregnancy, one year of childbirth, and one year of breastfeeding. After two years of basically ending her career development, she has to work hard again. I’m lucky. The old people on both sides are very good at bringing children, but many other families don’t have so many good old people. They either ask people to take care of them, which costs money, or they quit their jobs and take care of them, which costs people. Hehehe I love me very much. Child, when my daughter grows up, I should advise her not to have children in the future. It is enough to live a wonderful life for herself in this life.

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