South Korea’s low fertility rate has brought many social problems. Due to the decline in the number of students, some colleges and universities in South Korea have encountered difficulties in enrolling students. According to statistics, the number of Korean college entrance examinations in 2020 is 493,433, which is the first time since 1994 to drop below 500,000; at the same time, the number of college entrance examinations in the 2020 academic year is lower than the total enrollment for the first time.
There is widespread concern among South Korean educators that this kind of dissatisfaction with recruitment will continue, which will trigger a wave of university closures. Although the South Korean government has continuously introduced relevant measures more than ten years ago to alleviate the phenomenon of low fertility, it is obviously not effective. The young people in South Korea are even called the “three throws” generation. “Three throws” refers to abandoning love, getting married, and having children. (CCTV Finance)
(1) The so-called low fertility rate is relative to the “high fertility rate” (an average of 3 to 6 children born to a family) that emerged in order to quickly replenish the population after the population base of various countries became smaller after World War II. Now that the population base is large and the total number is stable, most people have a higher self-worth realization pursuit. A family only has 1 or 2 children, leaving a part of freely disposable resources (time + money + energy) for themselves. It is normal. (2) Colleges and universities are essentially an industry (educational industry), and they should also follow the principle of supply-demand balance and adjust according to the number of students and educational needs. It is normal to shut down and transfer. It is in favor of the separation of scientific research posts and teaching posts in colleges and universities. The setting of scientific research posts follows the national strategic development needs, which is relatively stable and planable; the setting of teaching posts matches the number of students, market demand for talents, and occupational structure, and is dynamically adjusted. (3) It is not in favor of the excessive sanctification of college education (degree education) and the excessive sanctification of the profession of college teachers (transmitting knowledge). He believes that the number of colleges can only be increased and cannot be reduced; that college teachers cannot have unemployment and must ensure their jobs. , In order to ensure the increase in the number of students, the blind expansion of enrollment will cause the future employment market for college students to become more involuntary and difficult. (4) Particularly disapprove of the expansion of graduate students who ignore the actual needs of the market. On the one hand, graduate students will inevitably “marry and give birth later”, which will exacerbate the crisis of declining birthrate and lead to a decline in fertility; on the other hand, the demand for scientific research talents has always been small, sophisticated and innovative. The demand for talents has always been the more the better. The age of 22-30 is the most innovative and aggressive time in a person’s life. It can create higher value in the talent market, and a large number of colleges and universities are recruited for masters, masters, and doctoral degrees. In the case of limited demand for scientific research positions, the involution and waste of highly educated talents is almost inevitable (the current phenomenon of some master’s degree delivery and doctoral nanny, more or less can explain this point). (5) Talent = 30% family education + 30% school education + 40% self-education and social experience. Getting a degree does not mean that it must be a talent. A high school student who has received a complete 12 years of basic compulsory education (6 years of elementary school + 6 years of middle school), and an undergraduate who has studied for 4 more years of university, is mainly due to the difference of an academic certificate, and the ability to solve problems In terms of earning power, it is not necessarily higher or lower. In summary, the 12-year basic compulsory education must be guaranteed. It is an inclusive cultivation of comprehensive knowledge + comprehensive quality of the people. Higher education (academic education) can be used as a personal choice. It is just one way to become talented/successful.