According to the British “Guardian” report on March 24, Taiwan’s Evergreen Shipping, a super large container ship with a carrying capacity of 20,124 TEU and a full load of 219,079 long tons, was launched at local time. On the 23rd, it ran aground on the main channel south of the Suez Canal, causing the Suez Canal to cease operations. According to domestic sources, the outage may affect a month or even several months.
According to the person concerned, the cause of the accident was “the bow shifted and stranded due to strong winds, and the stern drifted to the other side of the river and stranded.” If his remarks are true, who will be responsible for the huge economic losses caused by the accident bear? If the remarks are not true, the accident was actually caused by the crew’s improper operation, how should the blame be held?
He used to invest in shipping companies and ports for 7 years. This question is also professionally related. It should be said that the compensation for this incident. Generally, it is jointly undertaken by the charterer of the East Ship and the Suez Canal Authority. Let me give you a popular science on the way of international shipping. A owns a ship, but he does not necessarily have the source of goods, or he does not necessarily operate the ship to transport goods, so A is the owner of the ship. B is the person who operates the ship. He takes the transportation order and rents the ship from A, and then dispatches the crew to operate the ship to transport the goods. Changrong is in this role (if the crew is further subdivided, there are also those who specialize in ship management. Company, this will not start), C is the person who manages this river, the Suez Canal Authority. So if, as the report said, due to strong winds and other weather conditions, the ship’s main engine happened to be malfunctioning and caused the grounding, then it can be said that all three parties are actually responsible. Therefore, the final compensation will be jointly borne by the three parties. Operationally, if Evergreen declares a general average, then the loss of the ship and the cargo will be evenly shared by several related companies. However, it should be noted that the compensation here is only for the direct economic losses caused by the congestion, that is, the ship stranded, the delayed delivery of the damaged hull, and the related expenses paid for the rescue of the ship. This is actually not much money, and most of them still have insurance. The media often headline that the party is willing to exaggerate that the squadron has caused tens of billions of dollars in economic losses a day. Of course, these are not required to be paid. You use a simple example to think that you had a car accident on an overpass and blocked the road. Other vehicles on the road that are blocked to deliver important goods are late for delivery. Does the person who caused the accident need to pay for the economic losses caused? You can’t win a lawsuit. How do you calculate the hundreds of millions of dollars here? Generally speaking, if you use a boat for a day, you will have to pay for one day, even if you park in the port, you will have to charge for one day. You can think of this as the rent of a boat for one day. As the congestion caused you to wait three more days at the anchorage, then the three-day rent will be counted as the loss caused by the congestion. Obviously, it is unreasonable for you to pay this money to the company that is stranded. Just like if you rent a car and there is a traffic jam on the highway, if you rent a car for another day, the car rental company will only ask you for money. You can’t recourse to the family who caused the accident. Because you choose to go this way, and if something happens, you don’t go around, and you insist on waiting here. It’s your own decision. The reason for this is simple. On the one hand, boat jams are a common occurrence. Don’t talk about the canal, even if you transport it to the dock. For example, this wharf only has two berths for unloading containers, but there are 30 ships arriving at the port, so you have to wait in line at the anchorage outside the port. If only two ships can be unloaded from two berths a day, then 30 ships will be enough. Have to wait two weeks. In the era when my country’s iron ore freight rates soared in 2008, there were many iron ore ships waiting at the anchorage for a month. There was no place for Shougang’s cargo to unload, and all the cargoes were pulled to Guangxi port for unloading. You have to pay for the relevant losses. To bear, of course, you can also enter the freight to be borne by the shipper. If a hurricane on the sea requires a detour, it will also be delayed for several days. When encountering military exercises, such as China launching a missile in the Indian Ocean, it also needs to wait or detour… So shipping companies are far from making a fuss as everyone thinks. When signing the terms of carriage, the necessary delays were taken into account by itself, such as waiting for two days for the boat. This is commonplace in the shipping industry itself. It’s just that the Suez Canal is blocked, and delays for this reason are relatively rare. On the other hand, in terms of compensation, you can’t say that waiting outside is directly caused by the congestion. Of course you can say that because of the boat jam, I was late for delivery, and I rented the boat for a few days. These are all losses, so you should pay. But because the ship was jammed, your delivery was late, and the CIF price of a certain product went up instead. In case, you make more money. Do you want to return to Evergreen? and so. No matter which party pays, it will not be responsible for an uncertain profit or loss. Third, the Suez Canal is blocked. In fact, the other way to travel between Europe and Asia is to go south and detour the Cape of Good Hope. Whether the shipping company can contact your own ship, you have to choose whether to wait for the dredging or to make a detour. Around the Cape of Good Hope for 8-10 more days, wait, you just bet that you can pass within 8-10 days. This is your own decision, especially after the news has spread all over the world, you still choose not to detour to the canal. This is your own choice. Why should others pay for it? Therefore, the conclusion is 1. The shipowner, shipping company, and canal party will share the losses. 2. The losses are limited to direct losses, delayed losses, and extra costs such as the rent caused by the congestion, and each person bears each person’s expense.