Can the system of working hours of four and a half days a week and two and a half days off be implemented? The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security responded to the “Recommendations on Implementing the Four and Half Working Hours System” submitted by the National People’s Congress at the National People’s Congress last year. The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security stated that to further shorten my country’s legal working hours standards, it is necessary to take economic development, scientific and technological progress, and the improvement of productivity as the basis, and fully consider my country’s social and economic development level and enterprise affordability. “Relevant surveys in recent years have shown that the proportion of companies that can strictly implement the current working hours standards in our country is not high, and there are more cases of overtime. The further reduction of working hours standards does not have a realistic basis and should not be widely implemented in enterprises. At present, 2.5 days are implemented in some places. Holidays may also become a special welfare for the staff of administrative agencies and institutions, and the social impact is not good.” The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security explained.
Compared with the 2.5-day holiday per week, ↓ this is more practical: the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security stated that it will continue to strengthen labor supervision and law enforcement in the next step, and urge employers to strictly implement current working hours and overtime and other relevant regulations to effectively protect the majority of workers On the basis of full consideration of my country’s economic development level and laborers’ right to rest and health, etc., the relevant suggestions shall be fully considered when working with relevant departments to study and improve my country’s working hour system. Anyway, let’s guarantee the double break first, and eliminate 996.
Why do we advocate the eight-hour work system and double breaks, not for enjoyment or ease, nor for laziness or unpretentiousness, on the contrary, the eight-hour work system and double breaks are more able to promote social progress, and our country can compete Other countries. A society that relies on extended working hours to increase output cannot compete with other societies and will inevitably lag behind. Anyone who has studied Marx knows the two concepts of absolute surplus value and relative surplus value. Leaving aside what surplus value means, just discussing value. These two concepts mean that we have to produce more products or create more value in two ways. The first is to extend working hours. For example, a worker who produces clothes can make one piece in one hour, and only eight pieces in eight hours, but I can let him sit for twelve hours in a row, which can create the value of four more clothes. The second is to increase labor productivity. For example, I invented a machine that can make ten pieces an hour and can work 24 hours a day, so that I can create more value. And our country has fallen into such a misunderstanding, that is, trying to achieve the purpose of generating more value by extending labor time. (In fact, the extended working hours did not produce the corresponding output value.) There are many harms in doing so, and the biggest harm is that we slowly fall behind those societies that implement the eight-hour work system. In fact, “leisure” is not necessarily a bad thing, and letting everyone relax a bit will have a positive effect on society. If Liu worked in the company of 996, we would not have read novels such as “Three Body”; if Watt lived in the factory of 996, we would not have the subsequent steam revolution. We cannot hope to put people in the shackles of 996 while hoping that they can invent, innovate and start businesses. What is the free and comprehensive development of everyone? First of all you have to make people relax. Don’t you see the previous workers, work in a factory, have night schools to enrich yourself, watch movies, dance, and even learn the art of piano painting. What is the view of people’s history? First of all, you have to believe that history is created by the people. The abundance of scientific power, the development of technology, and the creation of inventions are all done by the people. If the people are shackled by 996, then history will no longer exist. . Therefore, even if you think about issues from a utilitarian perspective of social development, you should protect everyone’s rights to the eight-hour work schedule and weekends.