Because the proportion of the population killed by Cao Cao was ten or even twenty times that of Liu Bang. This is calculated on the basis that the meaning of the ancient word “tu” remains unchanged. The following is my first answer. Although after several adjustments, the general conclusion is still the same, let’s talk about it for reference. Because Cao’s brutality was beyond the reach of the Japanese invaders, this was the reason why Cao Cao couldn’t reach the world. When the people of Xiangyang saw Cao Cao, they were probably more afraid than the Japanese invaders, so they naturally wanted to run away desperately. Let’s estimate the historical data on the massacres of Chinese people by Cao Cao and the Japanese devils, and compare them horizontally with the massacre rate of the massacred population/total population. Otherwise, the population base of different dynasties is different and it is meaningless. Of course, due to the lack of historical records (in fact, the relevant records of the Japanese massacre are not absolutely complete, and many people think that there is an underestimation), my calculation method is also relatively violent, and this ratio is only for reference in the forum. 1. Cao Cao’s general slaughter rate calculation (the slaughter without clear data is calculated at 1w) The population of the Wei state in the early period of the Three Kingdoms was about less than 450w (this is the historical population in the Cao Huan period. We have unified standards. The slaughter data and total population data are all historical data. Data), the total population of China is less than 900w. Since the ancient secretary is not clear about the number of people, for the sake of conservativeness, all those with “tens of thousands” are calculated according to the minimum data of 3w. Those with the word “tu” but no number are estimated to be 1w (because ancient history records are backward, generally only Mass killings will only be recorded). 1. Attacking Tao Qian to slaughter Xuzhou-30w slaughter [Post-Han Tao Qian Biography: Everyone who kills hundreds of thousands of men and women, there are no more chickens and dogs. 】【Three Kingdoms Wudi Ji: Taizu defeated it, then attacked and smashed Xiangben, and killed too much. 】【Three Kingdoms Tao Qian Chuan quotes Wu Shu: Cao Gong gets Qian’s affairs, knows whether to give up. It is to attack Pengcheng and kill more people. 】2. Tu Yongqiu-massacre 1w [Three Kingdoms Zhang Miao Biography: Miao Congbu, staying super will be the family Tun Yongqiu. Taizu besieged for several months, Tu Zhi, Zhan Chao and his family. ] 3. Tu Pengcheng-Massacre 1w [Three Kingdoms Wu Di Ji: Gongdong Zhengbu. In October of winter, Tu Pengcheng, won his Xianghou Harmony. 】4. Tu Ye City-Massacre 1w [Post-Han Shu Kong Rong Biography: In the early days, Cao Cao attacked Tu Ye City, Yuan clan’s wife saw aggression more often, and Cao Zipi privately accepted Yuan Xi’s wife Zhen clan. 】【The Biography of Xun Yu in the Later Han Dynasty: The city slaughtered Yecheng in front of the public, and it was shocked at home. Everyone was afraid to protect their land and guard their soldiers. 】【Three Kingdoms Cangci Biography Quoting Wei Lue: Cheng Po, Shao and other generations more than a dozen people, all should be cut. Taizu read it, suspected his clothes, and asked his ancestors, and knowing his father is liberation, and the army is conspiring. 】5. Tu Liucheng-Massacre 1w [The Legend of the Three Kingdoms Gongsun Kang: Twelve years, Taizu conquered the three prefectures Karasuma, Tu Liucheng. 】6. Tu Xingguo-Massacre 1w [Three Kingdoms Wudi Ji: Yuan and the generals attacked the country, massacred it. 】7. Tuhechi (here is the slaughter of the Diren)-1w slaughter [Three Kingdoms Wudi Ji: Xia Siyue, public from Chen Cang Yi Sanguan, to Hechi. Dou Mao, the king of Di, had more than ten thousand people, reluctant to accept the danger, and in May, the public attacked and slaughtered him. 】 8. Tu Daling-Massacre 1w [The Legend of Xiahou Yuan of the Three Kingdoms: Du Xu Huang attacked Taiyuan thief, captured more than 20 tuns, cut the thief and commanded Shang Yao, and slaughtered the city. 】【Three Kingdoms, Emperor Wu: Taiyuan Shang Yao rebelled with Daling and sent Xiahouyuan and Xu Huang to encircle him. 】 9. Tu Xiaohan-slaughter 1w [Three Kingdoms Xia Hou Yuan Biography: Send Xia Hou Yuan to rejuvenate the country to discuss it. In October of winter, Tu Xiaohan, Zhanjian, Liangzhou Ping. 】10. Tuwan City-Massacre 1w [Three Kingdoms Wu Di Ji: Twenty-fourth Spring First Moon, Ren Tu Wan, Zhan Yin. 】11. Killing a large number of Yuan Shao’s soldiers-massacre 8w 【The Biography of Yuan Shao in the Later Han Dynasty: The rest of the people were falsely surrendered and Cao Cao killed 80,000 people before and after. 】12. Cruel use of soldiers-slaughter 1w 【Three Kingdoms Emperor Wudi Ji quoted the record of Shanyang Gongzai; the public ship was burned by the equipment, led the army to walk back from Huarong Road, and the road was blocked, the sky was strong, and the sky was strong. If you take the grass and fill it, you can ride it. Lei soldiers were borrowed by the horses and soldiers, and they were stuck in the mud, and many dead. Since the army has come out, the public is overjoyed. 】13. Extremely cruel to the enemy-the number is too small to count. 【Three Kingdoms Emperor Wu Ji quoted Cao Man Chuan: Break it down, burn all his grains and treasures, behead the generals Sui Yuanjin, Qi Du Han Juzi, Lu Weihuang, Zhao Rui, etc., The general Chunyu Zhongjian cut his nose, but he was not dead. More than a thousand soldiers and soldiers took their noses. The cows and horses cut their lips and tongues to show the army. 】14. Water attack flooding the city caused half of the people to die in the city-massacre 1w [Three Kingdoms: Wu Di Ji: May, destroy the earth, mountains, tunnels, be encircled and flood the city; more than half of the people who died of starvation in the city. 】15. Massacre of Xudu Han Officials-Massacre 1w【Shanyang Gongzai Ji: Wang Wen Wang will die, and he will be furious. He will summon hundreds of officials in the Han Dynasty to make the fire fighters to the left and those who do not fight the fire to the right. Everyone thinks that fire fighters must be innocent and all are attached to the left; the king thinks that those who do not fight the fire must not help the chaos. A total of 50w people were slaughtered, and the population of Cao Cao’s massacre accounted for 11.1% (50w/450w) of the population in the early Wei state. Even if calculated according to national data, 5.5% (50w/900w) of the total population in the initial period of the Three Kingdoms was slaughtered. (The population data of Cao Wei comes from the census of Wei in the fourth year of Jingyuan (263) in “Three Kingdoms”. The data at that time were more than 900,000 households in Wei + Shuhan area, with a total population of more than 5 million. It can be seen that the population of Cao Wei was less than 450w. “Tongdian” is taken as 440w) 2. The calculation of the minimum slaughter rate of Cao Cao (only the slaughters with detailed numbers in the history books are included, and the slaughters without clear data are completely discarded). Because the historical records are rough, there must be discrepancies in the data, but even if there is, it is impossible to be too much. Because although many records often do not understand the specific data of the massacre, and only write a word of “slaughter”, the Xuzhou massacre clearly stated that there were hundreds of thousands. We estimate that 30w is no problem. At the same time, the river congestion caused by the Xuzhou Massacre was also included in the ancient geography book “Shui Jing Zhu”. The Japanese invaders also experienced river congestion during the Nanjing Massacre. It can be said that the values are similar, and the blood rivers are the same. 1. Attack Tao Qian twice and slaughter Xuzhou-30w slaughter (only the first time) [The Biography of Tao Qian in the Later Han Dynasty: Everyone who kills hundreds of thousands of men and women, there are no more chickens and dogs, but Surabaya is a city guardian of five counties. , No re-traveling. 】2. Kill a large number of Yuan Shao Jiang Bing (the civilian man in charge of logistics)-Massacre 8w [Yuan Shao Chuan of the Later Han Dynasty: The rest of the people were falsely surrendered, Cao Cao killed 80,000 people before and after. ] These two clear massacre data have added up to nearly 40w. Even if other massacres with inaccurate data are not counted at all, Cao Jun massacred at least 8.8% (40w/450w) of the territory’s population. 3. The Japanese massacre rate is calculated according to official national data. At that time, China’s population was 450 million, and my country’s military and civilian casualties were 3,500 million, and the death toll was 2,400 million. Japan massacred 5.3% of the Chinese population (2400w/450 million). The actual area occupied by Japan is not taken into account when calculating Japan because the Japanese army can use airplanes and bacterial weapons to massacre people in non-occupied areas of our country (such as the Chongqing bombing). Cao Cao’s Thunderbolt does not have this ability. The final result is that the ratio of the total population slaughtered by Cao Bing>= the ratio of the total population slaughtered by the Japanese army×2. Cao Bing’s lowest total population ratio slaughtered >= the total population ratio slaughtered by the Japanese army × 1.5 4. Is the founding war of all dynasties so cruel? no. I used the same method to calculate the massacres at the founding of other feudal dynasties. Almost all of the Han dynasties had a massacre rate of less than 1%, and only Cao Cao and a fraction of the Japanese invaders. (For detailed estimates, see p.s. below). It shows the benevolence and virtue of Chinese civilization and the profound friendship between compatriots. Generally, only when a foreign race invades, will there be such a terrifying ten-digit massacre like Cao Cao. Unless someone proves that the Twenty-Four History has discussed and targeted Cao Cao, Cao Cao, the signature of the Han’s No. 1 Demon King, cannot be removed. V. Summary Due to the deliberate guidance of literary works, especially middle school texts and film and television dramas, many people think that Cao Cao’s moral defects are only usurped, so they express this from the standpoint of today’s society without authorization. A piece of cake. But in fact, the real Cao Cao is closer to a monster that kills without blinking an eye, a terrifying ogre that you dare not stare at. He can kill the person next to his pillow because of a dissatisfaction stick, or tortured the doctor who just saved his life because of suspicion, and he can slaughter all the people in the world without feelings of the same race. Cao Cao’s moral issue is not really about the etiquette of monarchs and ministers, but whether he is still a person. p.s. Next, I will use the same algorithm to estimate the massacre data of other Han dynasties at the time of the founding of the country, to see if Cao Cao’s cruelty can be confused with the gourd saying “It’s like this in ancient times”. There must be omissions and regrets in this violent calculation, so it is for reference only. If there are better calculation suggestions or historical omissions, criticisms and corrections are very welcome below. 1. Qin Shihuang, doubt/0.05% 1. Tu Weiguo Daliang, no special data is counted as 1w (controversial, many people think that Tu Daliang does not exist) [“Historical Biography of Wei Gongzi”: “Tu Daliang”] [“Qin Shihuang Benji”: ” In the twenty-two years, Wang Ben attacked the Wei and led the river to irrigate the beams. The city of beams was destroyed. The king please surrender and take whatever land you want.” [“The Family of Wei”: “In three years, the Qin irrigated the beams, the captive king faked, and the Wei was destroyed. Think of it as a county.”] The Qin Dynasty had a population of 2000w, with a ratio of 1/2000. (The brazen Wang Situ was embarrassed to smash the first emperor’s temple, so why not take a picture of himself if he didn’t sprinkle it?) Second, Liu Bang, the rate of slaughter was 0.6%. Here I want to say something for Liu Bang. Although the data is not low, Liu Bang has never slaughtered the city on his own. His slaughter is often dominated by forces and spontaneously initiated by the Federation. When he hit Xiang Yu, who he hated the most, because he was in full control of the military power, he didn’t slaughter the city. I think Liu Bang is kind enough. Part of it was to slaughter the city many times with a large army during the anti-Qin period. Take it as 10,000 without a number, and slaughter 6w people. But at this time, Liu Bang mainly followed Xiang Liang and others in the attack, with less responsibility, and was not the main planner, so let’s count as 3w. 1. “Assault Yingyang from the south, Tuzhi”. “Pei Gong general tens of thousands of people have slaughtered Wuguan.” “Xiang Liang sent Pei Gong and Xiang Yu not to attack the city, but to slaughter it.”-“The Book of the Great Ancestor” and “The Book of Qin Shihuang” 2. From the attack on Xiangji, slaughter the jujube. Tu Huling. -“Fan Li Teng Guan Biography” 3. Hit Chen Xun, Tu Ma Yi. Lu Wan, the king of Yan, turned against him, and the king of the kingdom took the place of Fan Kuai, and shot down thistle. The king arrived, the prime minister, the prince, the weak, the imperial doctor, and the tuhun capital. -“Jianghou Zhoubo Family” 4. General Chai Tucanhe, cut Han Wangxin. -“The Biographies of Han Xin Lu Wan” 5. Liu Jiajun runs from Shouchun to Tucheng father. ——”Xiang Yu Benji” 6. Yin rebelled against Chu, took Shu Tu Liu, raised Jiujiang soldiers to meet the tattoo cloth, and slaughtered his father in parallel, and would follow Liu Jia. -“Zi Zhi Tong Jian · Han Ji” The other part is the generals slaughter the city. This record is more, there are 12 massacre records, in principle, it is 12w. But the problem is that Liu Bang’s system is quite special. It belongs to the federal transfer system. Before the founding of the country, Liu Bang’s subordinates were not under his control. It even happened that Han Xin and others released Liu Bang pigeons when they met for battle, which caused Liu Bang to be almost killed by Xiang Yu. event. However, Liu Bang himself had no record of massacre after the official reunification of the country. Therefore, it is also halved as appropriate, which is 6w. [Fan Kui: 1 From attacking Xiangji, slaughtering jujube. -“Historical Records Ninety-Five·Fan Li Teng Guan Biographies Thirty-fifth” 2. Tu Huling. -“Historical Records Ninety-Five·Fan Li Teng Guan Biographies 35” Zhou Bo’s Slaughter City: 3. Hit Chen Xun, Tu Mayi-“Historical Records·Volume 57·Jianghou Zhoubo Family 27th 4. Lu Wan, the king of Yan, turned against the king of Yan, and the generals of Fan Kuai in the reign of the Kingdom of Bo Yi, attacked the thistle, and got the generals to arrive, the prime minister, the guard, the weak, the imperial doctor, and the tuhun capital. -“Historical Records · Volume 57 · Jianghou Zhoubo Family 27th” Chai Wu’s Tucheng 5. General Chai Tushen together, cut Han Wangxin. -“Historical Records Han Xin Lu Wan Biography” Liu Jia, Zhou Yin, Yingbo’s Tucheng: 6. Liu Jiajun runs from Shouchun, Tucheng father. -“Historical Records · Volume Seven · Xiang Yu Benji Seventh” In November, Liu Jia crossed the Huaihe River in the south to encircle Shouchun, and sent people to seduce Chu Da Sima Zhou Yin. Yinpan Chu, with Shu Tu Liu, lifted Jiujiang soldiers to meet the tattoo cloth, and slaughtered his father in parallel with Liu Jia. -“Tongjian Zizhi · Volume Eleven · Han Ji San” 7. Da Sima Zhou Yin rebelled against Chu, to Shu Tu Liu. -“Historical Records · Volume Seven · Xiang Yu Benji seventh” 7. From the attack on Xiangji, slaughter the jujube. -“Historical Records Ninety-Five·Fan Li Teng Guan Biographies Thirty-fifth” 8. Tu Huling. -“Historical Records Ninety-Five·Fan Li Teng Guan Biographies 35” Zhou Bo’s Slaughter City: 9. Hit Chen Xun, Tu Mayi-“Historical Records·Volume 57·Jianghou Zhoubo Family 27th 10. Lu Wan, the king of Yan, turned against him, and the generals of Fan Kuai in the country of Bo Yixiang defeated thistle, and the generals arrived, the prime ministers, the guards, the weak, the imperial doctors, and the tuhun capitals. -“Historical Records · Volume 57 · Jianghou Zhoubo Family 27th” Chai Wu’s Tucheng 11. General Chai Tucanhe, cut Han Wangxin. -“Historical Records of Han Xin and Lu Wan Biography” Liu Jia, Zhou Yin, Yingbo’s Tucheng: 12. Liu Jiajun runs from Shouchun, Tucheng father. -“Historical Records · Volume Seven · Xiang Yu Benji Seventh” In November, Liu Jia crossed the Huaihe River in the south to encircle Shouchun, and sent people to seduce Chu Da Sima Zhou Yin. Yinpan Chu, with Shu Tu Liu, lifted Jiujiang soldiers to meet the tattoo cloth, and slaughtered his father in parallel with Liu Jia. ——”Zizhi Tongjian·Volume Eleven·Han Ji San”] In general, Liu Bang killed 9w people, and the population in the early Han Dynasty was 1300w. The slaughter rate is 0.6%. If you think Liu Bang’s responsibility should not be reduced, it is 1.2%. Liu Bang is quite large, but still only a fraction of Cao Cao. 3. Liu Xiu, the rate of slaughter is 0.1% 1. Tu Sichuan-1w [Cen Jiang Wu Han. Nai said his wife, destroyed the Gongsun clan, and joined the clan Yancen. Then released troops to plunder and burned the palace]-“The Book of the Later Han Dynasty. The Biography of Gongsun Shushu” [Wuyin in Winter November, Wu Han, Zanggong and Gongsunshu battled in Chengdu, and broke it. The story was wounded and died at night. Xin Si, Wu Han Tucheng, Yishu clan and Yancen etc. ]-“Book of the Later Han Dynasty Emperor Guangwu” 2. Tu Nanyang-1w [Renewed the beginning of the generals to support the Nanyang Zhucheng. The emperor sent the Wu and Han to defeat it, and the Han army invaded it too much]-“The History of Wu Han in the Book of the Later Han Dynasty” [At that time, the captive general Deng Feng returned to Xinye, and the Wu Han plundered his hometown in anger, then countered, defeated the Han army, and obtained it. Serving a heavy duty, occupying Luoyang and cooperating with the thieves]-“The Book of the Later Han Cen Peng Biography” Tumin 2w, the population of the early Eastern Han Dynasty 2200w, accounting for 0.1%. 4. Liu Bei, 0% of the official history and wild history have no record of massacre. In fact, he originally gave him a negative number based on his anti-slaughter deeds of carrying people across the river. Thinking about that group of people may not belong to him in the end, not to mention other forces may have similar actions. It is too painful to study one by one. Lest others say that I have Liu Chui deleted. However, the common people still like Liu Bei, so please quote me for this article. 5. Sun Quan, the massacre rate was 0.25%. There is only one case, 1w. [In the spring of the thirteenth year, Quan re-commissioned Huang Zu, the ancestors sent boat soldiers to resist the army, the captain Lv Meng broke his forward, while Ling Tong and Dong Xi attacked with all his might, and then slaughtered his city. The ancestor stood up to his death, and the knight Feng Ze chased the owl, and captured tens of thousands of men and women. -“Three Kingdoms. The Biography of Master Wu”] Although we often look down on Sun Shiwan, his heart is still good. There are also people in Cao Cao who fled to Soochow on a large scale. Although it may also be because he could not slaughter other cities… Divided by the 400w population of Soochow, the slaughter rate was 0.25%.