The main reason for Gu Hongming’s defense of Chinese traditions is not how good the Chinese traditions are, but when he grew up in the West, he believes that the West is as bad as the East, but he accuses the Easterners of savage and backwardness in a moral highland where there is no such thing. The Qing Dynasty’s foot-binding; the European belted up the Qing Dynasty to raise concubines, somehow they still have status; the European aristocrats play with their lovers, and throw away the remnants of the Qing Dynasty when they are used up; why did the United Kingdom build concentration camps in South Africa and create a great famine in Ireland, in the city of Suzhou Is there a difference between the tragic death of Longhair and the commune members who piled up in Paris, the gray animals under the czar’s knife, and the German nationalists who died under the iron hoof of the Prussians; the dictatorship and corruption of the Qing imperial family; the British queen, the former French emperor, and The Emperors of Germany, Austrian Emperors, and Tsars, they asked themselves whether they were noble than the Qing Emperor. To Gu Hongming, the East and the West are like two feces, equally smelly, but at least in the East he found one kind The spirit of introspection, a kind of heartbreaking and criticism of “the world is going down” (although this is brought about by the decline of the East), so he decisively plunged into the embrace of the East, and instinctively resisted all the characteristics of Westernization and foreigners He has already expressed very clearly in the dispute of “You are not a bit noble than the Chinese, and even more barbaric and unscrupulous. You just have machine guns and cannons.” In Gu Hongming’s world, Westerners accuse the Easterners of being barbaric. It is because the Easterners are not as barbarous as the Westerners that Gu Hongming deliberately kept braids. He refused to make any compromise with the West, which he considered ugly and depraved. Although the East was as dark as the West, the East was at least exposing and criticizing the darkness. It’s not like the West bury everything behind the hypocritical prosperity. He doesn’t object to others cutting braids, because braids are really not a good thing. He keeps his braids, because if he cuts the braids, it is tantamount to compromising to “Westernization”. If China became the West in order to surpass the West, it would be as embarrassing to him as if the brave became a dragon in order to defeat the dragon. He would rather return to the ideal country in his dream. At least there is a harmonious and happy country built by Chinese sages, with benevolence, justice, courtesy, wisdom and trust. Even if it was just a dream at first. I think I want to declare that I do not support Gu Hongming’s claim, and I have no intention of defending Gu Hongming. I just want to look at the problem from another perspective. Even if you think Gu Hongming is a lunatic, it’s best to go and explore what he is. Why are they crazy? Even people like Hitler are not born to be jealous. The more I compare, the more I find that Gu Hongming’s critics are much more “sinicized” than he himself. It seems that a person’s underlying logic is indeed largely affected by the way of education, even criticizing Gu Hongming for not “worrying about the country”. The term “min” has come out. Say this to Russell, who was expelled from the school because of the anti-war, and to Nietzsche of France, who believed that “Germany’s culture was corrupted wherever he went” and enthusiastically loved the defeat of his country. Although Gu Hongming enthusiastically loved everything in China to the point of overcorrecting, he proved that he could not wash away his Victorian intellectual qualities, and his critics were truly “Chinese.” For Gu Hongming, there is no more comical comedy, no more painful tragedy than the gap between the two.

zhiwo

By zhiwo

0 0 vote
Article Rating
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
11 Comments
Most Voted
Newest Oldest
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
helpmekim
6 months ago

Who has read Gu Hongming’s “The Spirit of the Chinese”, and who has read Gu Hongming’s “Spring and Autumn Days”. Who knows that he is proficient in 9 languages ​​including English, French, German, Latin, Greek, Malaya, and has 13 PhD degrees from the University of Edinburgh, University of Leipzig, University of Paris, University of Berlin, who knows that he once taught Confucianism to Ito Hirobumi, Communicate with Tolstoy’s handwriting, and be consulted by him, a Chinese who was called “the most distinguished Chinese” by Mahatma Gandhi in India. He once warned Westerners: it is because you invented the machine gun. This is your advantage. We are an undefended nation, and you can genocide us by force. Our philosophers once had the dream of governing the country by law and order, but you shattered this dream with guns. Now you are again transmitting your experience to our young people. You imposed your evil invention on us. But don’t you know that we are a nation with a talent for machinery? Don’t you know that we have forty million of the most effective and hardworking people in the world? Do you really think we need a long time to learn your technology? When these yellow people can also make the same sophisticated guns and fire at you, will you have any advantages for white people? You turn to machine guns, but in the end you will also be tried at gunpoint. Then we did it in a few decades. Gu Hongming’s most classic stories are basically strange-looking deeds, braid speeches, teapot metaphors for concubine theory, meeting world celebrities in his own home, and then criticizing celebrities from various countries in China, etc., thinking that he is a humorous person, but from No one pays attention to the time elsewhere, he seems to be a stranger. Why is he heterogeneous, because he is the only one who promotes Chinese culture to the world; why the masters of the Republic of China attacked Gu Hongming because he believed that the rise of China lies in China’s own culture; why all Chinese hate him because he thinks everyone deserves it Throw away things firmly in your hands and refuse to throw them away. Let’s take a look at what Gu Hongming did. At the end of the 19th century, he began to translate the classics “The Analects” and “The Doctrine of the Mean” and published them in mainstream Western journals. In 1909, he published “Oxford Movement in China” in Europe, which caused a huge impact; in 1915, he published “China”. “Human Spirit” once again caused a huge sensation and influence in the West, especially in Germany in World War I. To this day, “The Spirit of the Chinese” is still one of the most important courses in the Sinology Department of some mainstream universities in the West. More than 100 years have passed so far this year, and Gu Hongming has been influencing Westerners and allowing Westerners to look at China in a correct light. In the era when anyone could bully China a hundred years ago, even a weaker European country could bully China. What Gu Hongming did was even more important, but to this day there is still no book that can surpass the book “The Spirit of the Chinese” and make the West even more important. Understand the spiritual world of China’s bones. In that era, all mainstream scholars, including Hu Shi, Qian Xuantong, Lu Xun, Chen Duxiu, Zhao Yuanren, etc., believed that Chinese characters should be Latinized. Lu Xun believed that if Chinese characters were not destroyed, China would perish, while Liu Bannong believed that if Chinese characters were not destroyed, the new Chinese culture would not be destroyed. These people all think that full Westernization is the way out for the Chinese. Westernization, Westernization, Westernization was considered the only way by all scholars at that time. No one thinks that Chinese culture is a culture that can continue and make China strong and independent of the world’s nations. Everyone thinks that China is strong and that Chinese culture is hopeless. But it was in this trend of Westernization that Gu Hongming insisted that Chinese culture is the hope of world culture, and he personally preached to the world, and successfully preached to the world, and because of the world’s repercussions. Gu Hongming insists on instilling the Chinese character into the world: to understand the real Chinese and Chinese civilization, that person must be deep, broad and simple”, because “the Chinese character and the three major characteristics of Chinese civilization are true It is deep, broad and simple (deep, broad and simple), and there is also “delicacy”. China is a culture that has been tested and verified for thousands of years. Behind the image of Chinese people’s gentleness, they hide their “innocent children”. “Heart” and “Adult’s Wisdom.” Gu Hongming wrote that the Chinese “live a child-like life—a life of the soul”. Therefore, “the development of the Chinese is not so much hindered, it is better to say that it is a A nation that never ages”, a nation that “has the secret of eternal youth.” This nation that “lives a spiritual life like a child” is certainly not interested in abstract and rigid science and technology. Gu Hongming uses this Responding to and explaining a deep-rooted rhetoric of the Westerners about the Chinese: “The Chinese lack precision.” He said vividly: “The Chinese brush may be regarded as a symbol of the Chinese spirit. It is very difficult to write and draw with a brush, and it seems difficult to be precise, but once you master it, you will be able to create beautiful and elegant calligraphy and painting. This effect cannot be obtained with a hard western pen. “In Gu Hongming’s view, the Chinese who disdain for precision, their “innocent heart” and “adult wisdom” are organically integrated to achieve “the perfect harmony of mind and reason”: this is China with a long history. The nation is “the secret of eternal youth.” He quoted the long poem “Ting Deng Abbey” by “The British Poet Wordsworth with the most Chinese flavor”, showing the “peace and tranquility” produced by the perfect combination of Chinese soul and reason. , Like Mu Tianen’s state of mind.” It is this state of mind and state of mind that endows the Chinese with that “unspeakable gentleness”. The gentleness of “true Chinese” lies in “real Chinese women” or “real Chinese women”. The “ideal women” have been particularly fully and fully embodied. The “gentleness” of Chinese men has become “sacred and peculiar tenderness” in Chinese women. Gu Hongming admits that it also exists in ideal women of other countries and nations. With this kind of gentleness, such as the Virgin Mary of Christianity, but compared with the Guanyin Bodhisattva in China, ideal women in China have to be “relaxed, cheerful, courteous and courteous.” He believes that the “Guanju” in the “Book of Songs” One poem depicts the three essential characteristics of an ideal Chinese woman, namely, “leisure and tranquil love, shyness or shyness, and the indescribable elegance and femininity expressed by the word’debonair’, and finally purity or chastity”. When it comes to Chinese women, the issue of Chinese concubines is naturally an unavoidable topic. Gu Hongming attributed the “reasonable existence” of this phenomenon to Chinese women’s “no self-teaching”, or “the way of a lady or a good wife” “: “It is the selflessness of Chinese women that makes it not only possible to accept concubines in China, but also not immoral. “This is obviously a kind of sophistry, but this kind of sophistry also strengthens the ideal image of Chinese women as beautiful and virtuous from another angle. Why do Chinese men and women have the above-mentioned spiritual characteristics? Gu Hongming believes that this is China’s “good people religion.” The result of long-term enlightenment. The so-called “good people religion” refers to the way of Confucius and Mencius. Its “essence” is righteousness and etiquette, “especially etiquette, is the essence of Chinese civilization.” Gu Hongming compared the differences between Chinese and European religious doctrines: “Europe Religion requires people to’be a good person’, while Chinese religions require people to’be a good person who knows etiquette’; Christianity calls people’love people’, and Confucius calls people’love to be gifted.’ “He naturally connected to the cruel reality of Europe being caught in the artillery fire of the First World War, and pointed out that the moral root of this war was not respecting etiquette but worshiping power. Therefore, he wanted to give the Chinese people’s religion of ethics and justice to the good people. To Europe, to stop this world war, “save European civilization from destruction”, and provide a “key” for the reconstruction of post-war civilization. Using traditional Chinese Confucian culture to save Western civilization is exactly what ” Where is the “Spring and Autumn Righteousness” mentioned in the book “The Spirit of the Chinese”. The development of history proves that Gu Hongming’s “Spring and Autumn Righteousness” did not produce the actual effect of “fear of the courtiers and thieves.” The function of the world is obviously overconfident. However, in Europe before and after the “First World War”, especially in Germany, because people suffered from the war, they were generally disappointed and even desperate about the value of their own civilization, and there was a certain kind of peace and tranquility in the East. With dim envy, Gu Hongming and his books became their “messengers of hope.” Not only did some people in the university organize the “Gu Hongming Research Association” and set up the “Gu Hongming Club”, his name was also widely spread among ordinary people. Driven by this “Gu Hongming enthusiasm”, Europeans have deepened their understanding of China and Chinese culture. Gu Hongming’s images of observing good people’s religion, socially orderly China, gentle Chinese men, and beautiful and virtuous Chinese women have also been widely used. It is well-known and even became a utopia that Europeans in the midst of wars yearn for. Regardless of whether it is true or not, the “Chinese spirit” expounded by Gu Hongming and the “Spring and Autumn Righteousness” he used to save the West are in China People undoubtedly wrote a unique and eye-catching stroke in the process of spreading national culture to the outside world. Gu Hongming has studied Chinese and Western cultures. He understands European culture, one is the extension of Christian civilization, the other is the extension of Greek civilization, and the other is ancient Roman civilization. In Gu Hongming’s eyes, no matter what kind of civilization is, it’s not as heavy as Chinese civilization. In his opinion, those scholars who have stayed for a few years did not understand the true deep level of culture at all, the masters of the Republic of China. We have a little understanding of the West at all, and it is no different from today’s fine day. Blindly Westernization is not the real solution. When all scholars are embarrassed, only Gu Hongming believes that China has hope, which lies entirely in its own culture and spirit. This is what upsets the domestic masters. Gu Hongming has the right to speak in the world. Several of the masters of the Republic of China often communicate with foreign academic circles. They do not have any, including Hu Shi and others, in the eyes of foreign academic circles. The dysphoria exists, and in the eyes of foreign academic circles, Gu Hongming is the person who stands up to the mountains. So when they set foot on Chinese soil, when others were kneeling and licking them, they rushed to the Gu Hongming mansion to line up and listen. The enlightenment of Gu Hongming. In the eyes of those dog licking masters in the Republic of China, this is so irritating. People who lick their dogs for a long time, go to lick a dog, a person who is shouting and beating in China. Because they don’t even know Gu Hongming’s What’s awesome, they are a group of literati who are proud of themselves in a small circle, but it is this group of people who have the right to speak in China. What Gu Hongming ushered in is a group of people in China. He was infamous, old-fashioned, and old-fashioned, but Gu Hongming still lost his head in this matter. Participating in restoration has become a pain point for others to attack him. Domestic literati’s criticism of him has always affected the domestic view of Gu Hongming. He was regarded as a madman who laughed and cursed, but Gu Hongming was the real master in the Republic of China era. What he insisted on is happening now, and the views of the Chinese academia all over the world are still being influenced by him, but everyone doesn’t know and don’t want to understand. To get to know someone who is accustomed to learning Chinese and Western, and one who is proficient in 9 languages ​​including English, French, German, Latin, Greek and Malaya. He has 13 PhD degrees from the University of Edinburgh, University of Leipzig, University of Paris and University of Berlin. Learned, communicated with Tolstoy’s handwriting, and was called the “most noble Chinese” by Indian Mahatma Gandhi. I would like to ask which master of the Republic of China has achieved more than his achievements in the world. In the Republic of China, when Tagore came to China, he let domestic masters lick it for a long time without knowing that the master who really admired the whole world was in China. Everyone just wanted to believe that he was a madman, a madman who didn’t understand current affairs, but he didn’t know. He has seen through for a hundred years and has seen through the persistence of his own culture behind the troubled times. Truth is always in the hands of a few people. Looking at the confidence in culture during the Republic of China, the truth is in the hands of Gu Hongming, but we only want to believe that he is a strange old man.

heloword
6 months ago

“Foreigners will not show us a little respect just because we cut off our braids and put on a suit. I can be absolutely sure that when we Chinese become Westernizers and foreign devils, Europeans and Americans will only treat us more contemptuously. The fact is Above, only when Europeans and Americans learn about the real Chinese—a kind of people with a civilization that is completely different from them but not inferior to them, can he respect us.”

helpyme
6 months ago

If I were to live in his time, I would definitely fund him to publish a series of books: “The Ugly American”, “The Ugly Russian” and “The Ugly Japanese.” Waiting to become a tycoon z
Then, wearing the crown of Jinxian and wearing the robe of the scholar of the Song Dynasty, I sat at the Six Nations Hotel in Dongjiaomin Lane, called a table of friends, bought the tickets, and watched him refute the foreigners and expose their old-fashioned speeches. Also applaud and applaud!

sina156
6 months ago

A person who has deep hope for the culture of his own country, others laugh at me too crazy, I laugh at others can not see through. From the reforms when he first entered China, to the later conservative, it was just to defend his culture. In an era of great change, unable to change the world, then he had no choice but to prevent the world from changing him. He is a stubborn person and thinks that only Chinese culture is the best. That’s because he has seen the best of Chinese culture and knows a person’s goodness, but he can no longer see his badness in his eyes.

yahoo898
6 months ago

I first met Mr. Gu by accidentally flipping through a magazine in high school. The old man with a cane and pigtails seemed so incompatible with the title of Professor of Peking University. The biggest shock at the time was that the old man was born in Nanyang and studied in the West. It should be said that during the most important period of the formation of ordinary people’s values, the husband has always been in contact with education that is completely different from that of China, but the husband has been in the whole life. He spared no effort to defend the traditional Chinese culture. Perhaps, the old gentleman who has returned from Western learning has really seen the best and most shocking things in the traditional culture, and can make people willing to protect it for a lifetime, right?

leexin
6 months ago

If the Chinese want to be confident, don’t forget Gu Hongming. 1. My father told me to always remember that I was a Chinese in England 150 years ago. There was a Chinese boy on the London Underground. He was about twelve or thirteen years old. He was wearing a long gown and a jacket. Braids, holding a copy of The Times, with a serious look. The British in the same compartment found it funny and collectively teased and insulted the teenager. The teenager ignored them at first, but was really bored and turned the newspaper around. “Look, this Chinese boy doesn’t even know Chinese characters. What newspaper is he reading?” The British began to booze. The young man was on fire. He thrust the newspaper into his arms, got up to face the crowd, recite the whole article in pure and proficient English, and shouted at the British people in the whole carriage: “You only have 26 letters in English, it’s too simple. If I didn’t look upside down, it wouldn’t make sense at all!” The British gang was dumbfounded, speechless, and escaped the subway in a desperate manner. This Chinese boy also got up and got off the subway, looking at the speeding steel behemoth, straightened his long robe and jacket, straightened the braids behind him, and walked into the morning mist of London with a kind of self-confidence that the Chinese were extremely lacking at the time. Among. This boy’s name is Gu Hongming. In 1857, Gu Hongming was born in an English rubber plantation in the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia. His father, Gu Ziyun, was the head of the rubber plantation at the time. He was fluent in Hokkien and could speak English and Malay. His mother was a blond Westerner who could speak English and Portuguese. Gu Hongming, who grew up in this environment, has an amazing understanding and memory of language since he was a child. When he was less than ten years old, Gu Hongming was familiar with the works of Shakespeare, Bacon and others. In 1840, the British gunboat opened the door to old China. Gu Hongming’s foster father, Mr. Brown, the owner of the Rubber Plantation Manor, said to him: “Do you know that your own country has been put on a cutting board, and the vicious invaders are wielding butcher knives, preparing to divide and eat. I hope you can Learn from China and the West, take on the responsibility of a rich country and govern the country, and educate Europe and the Americas.” These words were nothing short of detonating an atomic bomb in the heart of the young Gu Hongming. One day, he found his foster father Brown. He raised his head and told him earnestly: “Foster father, I want to go to England.” In this way, 10-year-old Xiao Gu Hongming followed his adoptive father and set foot on the land of England. Before leaving, his father burned incense in front of the ancestral rankings and told him: “Wherever you go, whether you are a British, German or Frenchman, don’t forget that you are Chinese.” When he came to China and became an Oriental, he arrived in the UK. Under the guidance of his foster father, Gu Hongming began to systematically learn Western cultural knowledge from the most classic literary masterpieces in the West. Brown has high hopes for his adopted son. He once told Gu Hongming: “If I have your cleverness, I would be willing to be a scholar to save mankind; not to be a millionaire to benefit myself. Let me tell you that now European countries and the United States want to invade China, but European countries and the United States Many scholars want to learn from China. I hope you can learn Chinese and Western, so that you can take on the important task of strengthening China and enlightening Europe and the United States in the future, and can point out a bright road for mankind, so that people can live a truly human life. !” Be a scholar and save mankind! Don’t be a rich man, benefit yourself! This sentence became the motto of Gu Hongming’s life! He studied Western culture eagerly. How far a person can go and what his life will be like in the future depends largely on how far his vision is. Soon, the smart and eager to learn Ku Hongming mastered English, German, French, Latin, Greek and other languages, and was admitted to the prestigious University of Edinburgh with excellent grades and became an alumnus of Darwin and Conan Doyle. In 1877, the 20-year-old Gu Hongming obtained a master’s degree in literature and then went to the University of Leipzig in Germany to study literature and philosophy. Later, when Cai Yuanpei, president of Peking University, went to Leipzig to study, Gu Hongming was already a prominent figure. 40 years later, a generation of writer Lin Yutang also entered the school gate of Leipzig University, and Gu Hongming’s works have long been designated as required books by the school. Lin Yutang was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature three times in his life. As everyone knows, Gu Hongming is the first Chinese to be nominated for the Nobel Prize! From Gu Hongming to Mo Yan, this road, China has taken more than a hundred springs and autumns! Gu Hongming won thirteen doctoral titles in his lifetime, because he was familiar with many languages ​​in Western Europe, and he was very knowledgeable, and soon spread among the upper-class social circles in Europe and America. But they have doubts and prejudice against this little Chinese. Once, a foreigner laughed at him and said: “You Chinese bow your heads to your ancestors, can they eat the food served on the table?” Gu Hongming immediately sneered: “You put flowers on the cemetery of the ancestors, they Can you smell the scent of flowers?” The foreigners can only go ashamed! In fact, the more famous Gu Hongming is, the deeper his knowledge and the broader his knowledge, but his heart is getting more and more painful! This kind of suffering stems from the division of China by the great powers, from the injustices they encountered personally, and even from the invasion of the East by Western culture. Wandering in a foreign country for more than ten years, he always remembered his father’s words before leaving: “Come back to China and be an Oriental!” His idea of ​​returning to China became stronger and stronger! “Teaching the barbarians to develop skills to control barbarians” is the best explanation of his series of behaviors. The more I understand the West, the more I feel that the Eastern culture is vast and profound! ! ! I want to go back to China! 3. His soul is not kind, only the ironic irony after returning to China, Gu Hongming served as a professor at Peking University. He taught English literature at Peking University. At that time, he often said to his students: “Why should we learn English poetry? That’s because after you learn English well, you should teach us the principles of being Chinese people, gentle and honest poetry, and go to Xiao. It is a metaphor for those nations of the four barbarians.” Luo Jialun’s “Remembering Mr. Gu Hongming” mentioned Professor Gu Hongming’s British poetry, he would say: “I will teach you foreign elegance today.” Sometimes he would say: “Teach you foreign national customs.” or It is “Foreign Lisao”. Gu Hongming has worked hard all his life to spread Chinese culture and “educate the West”. In such an era when Western learning spreads to the east, Gu Hongming has always adhered to this cultural self-confidence. In a devastated country, it is especially precious and precious! Before Gu Hongming went to Peking University to take classes, he was already very famous, and everyone had great expectations for this professor who was well-versed in both Chinese and Western education. On the first day of class, the entire Peking University school was a sensation, and even many famous professors at the time came to the class in advance, wanting to pay tribute to the master’s demeanor. That day, when all the students waited quietly in the classroom for the legendary Professor Gu to come on stage, what they saw was an old man wearing a yellow robe and a mantle and dragging a long braid, who hobbled up. The students made a sensation! This braid is a representative of autocracy and a symbol of national shame. It appeared out of fashion here, at the center of the academic storm in the 1920s! You know, Peking University in that era was the center of new culture, the spreading place of Marx culture, and the cradle that gave birth to the May Fourth Movement! At Peking University, this braid must be strongly criticized! But Gu Hongming didn’t care. He quietly stepped onto the stage and looked at the Peking University student with weird expression and the well-known professor with playful expression. He gently dusted his robe sleeves, looked at the sky, cleared his throat, and opened his mouth! Surprised four people! Such a skilled spoken English pronunciation, such a profound insight into Eastern and Western literature! Wear a melon hat, draw a long braid, and speak English poetry. There is no such person at Peking University! There is no such person in the world! Gu Hongming is on fire! Despite this, there were still many militants who laughed at him and regarded him as a maker of jokes. When he dragged his pigtails into the classroom, the students burst into laughter, and Gu calmly said: “The pigtails on my head are Tangible, but the braids in your heart are intangible.” Upon hearing this, the arrogant Peking University student was silent. Everyone thinks he is sharp, as spicy as a spirit. However, everyone ignored his inner pain, his positive thinking about Eastern culture, his deep concern for the fate of this land, and the firm and desperate struggle he had made. Today, when Xi Jinping put forward “cultural self-confidence”, when we talked about national self-confidence, when the Chinese nation once again stood tall among the nations of the world. We should not forget, let alone, that more than a hundred years ago, there was a Chinese scholar with a short stature, wearing a yellow robe and a mandarin, with a big braid, who single-handedly stood for the Chinese cultural platform and the Chinese civilization! Gu Hongming is worthy of a great master! 4. Braids are my passport. In 1911, after the outbreak of the Revolution of 1911, there was an upsurge of cutting braids throughout the country. Many people persuaded Gu Hongming to cut the braids, but Gu Hongming remained unmoved and kept a braid all the time. After entering Peking University, he was paranoid to protect this braid. He also threatened: “Whoever moves my braid, I will fight him desperately.” With this braid, Gu Hongming started a battle with the New Culture Movement. Gu Hongming said: “Many people laughed at me for being foolish and loyal to the Qing family. But my loyalty to the Qing family is not loyal to my family and the royal family-which is loyal to China’s politics and religion, that is, loyal to China’s civilization.” Empress Dowager Cixi celebrated her birthday. The yamen in the Hubei and Hubei regions put up lights and festoons, and sang the newly compiled “patriotic anthem” to celebrate. Gu Hongming, who was on the Zhang Zhidong screen, said to Liang Dingfen: “The’patriotic song’ is sung all over the street, and there is no such thing as a’love folk song’.” Liang Dingfen replied: “Then you just compose the lyrics and sing it to others. “Gu Hong blurted out: “The emperor thousands of years, the people spend money. Longevity has no borders, and the people suffer.” He loves Chinese culture, and he loves Chinese people even more! Gu Hongming’s Japanese friend Satsuma Yuji wrote in his memory: “Mr. is often proud of having braids. If a friend asks about this, he will shake his head and say:’This is my passport’.” 1921, England The writer Maugham came to China and wanted to meet Gu. Maugham’s friend wrote a letter to Gu, inviting him to come. But after waiting for a long time, I didn’t see anyone. Maugham had no choice but to find Gu’s courtyard by himself. As soon as he entered the house, Gu Hongming said casually: “Your compatriots think that the Chinese are either coolies or compradors. As long as we beckon, we have to come.” In a word, it was extremely embarrassing for the knowledgeable Maugham to go north and south. That’s right. Once, Gu Hongming attended the Washington Conference on behalf of the Beiyang government. At a reception, a shallow American lady was sitting next to Gu Hongming. Looking at this old Chinese man with a strange description, she couldn’t find the topic for a while. When serving the soup, I finally couldn’t help it, learning the broken English of Chinatown accent, and asked word by word: “likke soupee?” (Do you like this soup?) Gu Hongming nodded and smiled politely. The lady thought that this chinaman couldn’t understand even the simplest English, so she stopped answering him. After drinking for three rounds, Gu Hongming stood up and gave a speech. He spoke fluent and elegant English. The whole audience was amazed by him. Gu Hongming sat down, followed the lady’s accent, and asked the lady who was already flushed with shame in a low voice: “likke speechee?” (Do you like my speech?) Almost crazy self-confidence, crying in pain, and vomiting into his mouth. , Became a relaxed ridicule. There are many humorous people in the Republic of China, and none can reach the realm of Gu Hongming! Gu Hongming is undoubtedly a patriot. He loves his own national culture and loves it from the bottom of his heart. He has spared no effort to promote traditional Chinese culture all his life. In him, it reflects the superiority and self-confidence of Chinese civilization. It is a pity that this kind of view has become an absolute prestige in the Republic of China, when European and American cultures were flourishing. 4. The prophet only has the future, but he can only live in the present. Some people say that Gu Hongming is arrogant, and some people say that Gu Hongming is stubborn. When he used a foreign language to scold foreigners wildly, he who has learned Chinese and Western skills may not be ignorant of the goodness of the West. Just because he understands, so he dare to scold! When he said “My braids are tangible and your braids are invisible”, he must be worrying about the ruin of ethics and the loss of local ideas. In the book “Zhang Wenxiang Shogunate Jiwen”, he wrote: “In the past ten years, there have been vicissitudes of current affairs and humanity, and the changes have no idea where they are. It is necessary to destroy the sorrow.” In the words, have you ever seen the usual arrogance and joking? What we saw was just an old Chinese literati who sighed and shed a bit of bitter tears at the collapse of the world and the loss of people’s hearts! India’s birth hero Gandhi once called Gu Hongming “the most honorable person in China. Lin Yutang’s evaluation of him is that “English writing has surpassed the best. For two hundred years, he hasn’t seen it right… Hongming can also be said to be outstanding. Jay! Sun Yat-sen praised him as “Mr. Koo has been the only one of the four thousand years of Chinese civilization!” “He was born in Nanyang, studied in the West, his wife was in the East, and his career was in the North.” He was an out-and-out old man from east to west. But if the country was not in chaos, who would like to sway the prosperity and leave this life? It is one of the three most famous braids in China in the early days of the Republic of China! One is the warlord Zhang Xun who led the dream of restoration of the empire; Wang Guowei, the master of Chinese studies; another one is Gu Hongming, who leads the East and the West to fight and collide with one’s own strength. It is a pity that in that turbulent China, in the Peking University, where Western culture is clamoring, Gu Hongming is a conservative He was struggling to move forward. In 1920, in the struggle with Chen Duxiu, Hu Shi, Luo Jialun and other new cultural standard bearers, the weak Ku Hongming was defeated. He was fired by Peking University! After leaving Peking University, Gu Hongming, He lived in Beijing for several years. In 1924, Gu Hongming was invited to give lectures in Japan for three years, during which time he was also invited to lecture in Taiwan. In 1927, Gu Hongming returned from Japan. On April 30, 1928, Gu Hongming completed his unforgettable life and passed away. 72 years old. Today when we regain our cultural self-confidence, when we look back at Gu Hongming’s thin figure, think of the unruly and stubborn old man a hundred years ago, and think of his feat of spreading Chinese culture to the West with all his efforts in his life. We should. Be in awe. In that era, when the entire nation was in the dilemma of “aphasia”, only Gu Hongming was alone, like a prophet, proudly raising his head, dragging the big plait like a snake, Xiang Lizhuang In the age of ignorance, shout loudly! The sound was so sharp that it once pierced the sky, shocked the entire nation, and resounded everywhere.

greatword
6 months ago

Gu Hongming is knowledgeable enough, humorous enough, and rich enough experience, these are his capital. But these things have not been realized in his entire life. For example, he has become a slippery speculator, the royalist will top the royalist party, and the republican will move toward the republic. He didn’t do this, but was stubborn to be the most conservative person, simply stupid enough.
But this “shou” kept the true temperament.

loveyou
6 months ago

I also laughed when some people said that Gu Hongming had no academic achievements. Do you know that the international reputation of our current so-called “masters” is not worthy of Gu Hongming’s shoes? In addition, the evaluation of a person should not exceed his time. As the first person who introduced Chinese philosophy to the West and achieved success, his contribution to the academic world is beyond doubt. Zhou Junliang said in “Reminiscence of the Weird Gu Hongming”: “In the late Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, both Yan Fu Wu Guangjian and Gu Hongming were famous for communicating Chinese and Western cultures. Both Yan Fu Wu Guangjian and Lin Shu introduced Western doctrine or literature to China. Only Gu Hongming It is to introduce Chinese doctrine to foreign countries, so he enjoys a high international reputation. The Germans have translated his works and organized the Gu Hongming club and research club to study his thoughts”; Zhen Ying is in “Remembering Mr. Gu Hongming” Zhong commented: “He is the only literati in China that foreigners admire most because he can promote China’s inherent civilization to foreign countries. Unlike others who only say foreign things are good!” Wang Chengsheng in “Tuti Funny Gu Hongming” In the article, “Gu Hongming’s translation of his works has made many famous scholars in Europe, America and Japan admire his ideas. There is a professor in Germany who studies Goethe’s philosophy. He often introduces his students to study his ideas. His works, especially his three books-1. “The Voice of Wailing”; 2. “The Spirit of the Chinese”; 3. “China’s Resistance to European Thoughts”… Not only did the Germans once criticize several of Gu Hongming’s The works have been translated, and even organized the Gu Hongming Research Association, the Gu Hongming Club, and the Chinese scholars in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. Those Chinese scholars who were so highly respected overseas should be regarded as the leader.” Siluan recalled in “Gu Hongming in Germany” that he went to Germany to study in the tenth year of the Republic of China. Professor Nelson asked if he had read Gu Hongming’s works while chatting with him. However, he learned that the youth in China were stubborn because of his stubbornness. When he “didn’t like to pay attention to him”, Nelson was “very surprised” and expressed his respect for Koo: “I have fortunately read a few of Gu Hongming’s works. According to my opinion, his philosophy, The meaning is very profound, and I admire him very much.” Said Bi then took down Koo’s books from the shelf and introduced them one by one. Later, Nelson learned from Gu Hongming’s article in the “London Times” and learned about the loneliness of the Koo and the living conditions of the poor in Beijing, so he personally raised funds and sent it to Gu Hongming in the name of royalties, lest he would not be affected by it. , And has repeatedly expressed respect for the value of Gu Zhu. In his memory, Siluan was particularly impressed by the incident, saying that “studying in Germany for six or seven years, this is the most exciting thing.” When Siluan went to Germany again after a long time, I heard that the two tutors of the international student Zhang Yong also praised Gu Hongming: one of them, C.Misch, was just a special introduction to the students, and the other was named H.Nohe. Mr., has reached the point where students cannot participate in the discussion if they don’t understand Gu Hongming. Chinese female writer Ling Shuhua said in her memories that Beijingers at the time often said, “If there is no Gu Hongming to support the country after the Boxer indemnity, Westerners will treat the Chinese as if they don’t even have a nose! There is also ridicule! Gu Hongming did five on his own. I can only say that according to this logic, is it true that Lu Xun, who admired the change of Chinese characters to Latin letters and even inferiority to the extent that Chinese characters will not be destroyed, is a foreign slave? Some people say that Gu Hongming did not study Wang Guowei and died. Was it because he was timid? In that case, why not just stay in Europe, which gave him a superior position, and instead came to war-torn and poor China to endure ridicule? In the latter half of his life, Gu Hongming lived in poverty due to personal factors. He was still left out in the cold by the academic circles, and he was even ridiculed in school. Why didn’t he return to Europe that gave him a lofty status? In my eyes, Gu Hongming is a tragedy of an era, and his tragedy lies in an attempt to confront extremes with extremes. Extremes, in fact, the overall state of the era was like this. Are the people of Lu Xun and Hu Shi not slaves to the other extreme? It’s just that most people don’t understand this kind of speech. After seeing this extreme, Gu Hongming, Adopting the extremes of the other direction to confront, created the tragedy of his life.

strongman
6 months ago

Gu Lao is a philosopher and a master of Chinese studies. He is one of the Chinese worshipped by foreign countries in modern times. Gu Lao is a rare talent in a thousand years. Gu Lao criticizes foreign capitalism, criticizes civilization, criticizes the moral decline caused by advanced civilization, and loves Confucianism. Philosophy advocates that Gu Lao is good at empathy, knows people’s hearts deeply, handles things with great wisdom, and is good at criticizing and self-criticizing, and good at thinking. The personality is arrogant, no one does not curse, contented and depressed. It is a rare Confucian Confucian who has no worries about poverty. His conservative look is ridiculous. In fact, it does make people think more about the disadvantages and human nature of the West. Gu Lao was still very admired before his death, and the people behind him underestimated it. He is also inevitable. After all, time reincarnates and nothing happens.

stockin
6 months ago

“True equality means equal treatment, an open door, no education, or the best of people like the great Napoleon, instead of flattening the minds of fools and non-stupid people, making the best and the worst in the country. The same difference is absolute equality; true freedom does not mean that you can do what you want, but that you can do the right thing freely, which is the so-called rashness in the Chinese classics. True democracy means open doors and no birth The difference in status and race does not refer to the absence of a monarch, kingship, or the common people to discuss politics. Most of them are always bad, and they do not have the ability to participate in and dominate politics in the modern West. Worship for gangsters, it is the source of irrational democratic politics, the root of all recent social, political and world anarchy in Europe and America, and it is also the indirect cause of the European war.”

11
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x