Poverty is a major problem that has plagued mankind for a long time, and defeating poverty is the long-cherished wish of the Chinese nation for a thousand years. The road to fighting the poor is full of hardships and struggles.
In 2014, the list of 832 national-level poverty-stricken counties across the country was announced. At that time, the area of poverty-stricken counties accounted for nearly half of the country’s land area, and about one in every three counties in the country was a poverty-stricken county. After unremitting efforts, the work of poverty alleviation has achieved remarkable results. Since 2016, my country’s poor counties have been lifted out of poverty year by year, and the number of withdrawals reached a peak in 2019. On November 23, 2020, as the last nine impoverished counties in Guizhou Province withdrew from the impoverished counties sequence, all 832 impoverished counties across the country were cleared, and nearly 100 million poor people were lifted out of poverty.
China’s poor villages, large and small, have undergone earth-shaking changes. Broad and flat cement roads lead directly to households, and 98% of poverty-stricken areas are connected to the Internet. Modern electrical appliances are no longer an unattainable luxury.
From the fulfillment of “quantity” to the pursuit of “quality” improvement, the happiness of hundreds of millions of people is indispensable on the way to prosperity.
On December 15, 2020, RIA Novosti published a report entitled “How China has successfully lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty”, stating that due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, the global extreme poverty rate may increase for the first time in 20 years. The government should pay more attention to China’s experience-despite the continuing turbulence in the global situation, in the past eight years alone, China has successfully lifted nearly 100 million people out of poverty. Yuri Tavrovsky, the Russian chairman of the Committee of Experts of the Russian-Chinese Friendship, Peace and Development Committee, said that from 1978 to 2012, the Chinese government took a number of major decisions in achieving poverty alleviation. He said: “The government has given priority assistance to rural areas, granting subsidies to irrigation projects, building roads, laying water supply networks, developing education, and providing targeted financial assistance to long-term poverty-stricken villages. Step by step, a five-year period. The plan is followed by a five-year plan, and the number of poor people is gradually decreasing.” Tavrovsky believes that the CCP puts national interests first, takes into account the development needs of two aspects, and makes the final decision to provide guarantee for the continuous growth of national wealth. And allocate funds to support poverty-stricken areas. Andrei Vinogradov, chief researcher of the Far East Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and associate professor of the Higher School of Economics, said: “At the same time, the living standards of the Chinese people have been greatly improved. Recall that at the end of the first decade of this century, China The average wage level of China exceeds that of Russia, and it has been increasing.” Russian experts emphasized that China’s poverty alleviation experience can be applied in other countries and regions. For this reason, it is necessary to analyze and study China’s measures to support the manufacturing industry, the experience of developing small and medium-sized enterprises, macroeconomic policies that use tax legislation as one of the elements, and control measures for foreign trade and investment activities. Sergei Sanakoyev, director of the Russia-China Analysis Center, said: “I have seen how China has changed in the past years of reform and opening up. The foundation has made the most indifferent bystanders indifferent. Developed roads and high-speed rail. The Internet has been established. The Chinese went from riding a horse-drawn carriage, riding a bicycle to now taking a spacecraft into space. The most important thing is that all people can enjoy the fruits of technological progress. “In China, the people are the most important economic factor. Sanakoyev said that the Chinese people are not only the beneficiaries of all efforts and measures for economic development, but also the promoters of economic development and have fully participated in this process. He believes: “Today’s China has demonstrated the possibility of building a community with a shared future in its own situation… All of us can work together to overcome poverty in the world. The Uzbek boy Shakhbuz went deep into the Dabie Mountains to explore the mystery of poverty alleviation and prosperity 2020 On November 27, 2004, the Kenya Flag Media Group website published an article entitled “African Experiences Learned from China’s Achievements in Eliminating Poverty” written by the country’s international relations scholar Adhill Cavins, pointing out that poverty in Africa It is still a major problem. About one in three people live in poverty. The number is 422 million, accounting for more than half of the world’s poorest people. The World Bank estimates that if changes are not made, 90% of the world’s population will be affected by 2030. Of poor people will be concentrated in Africa. This is worrying, because 2030 is also the deadline to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, including poverty eradication. Cavins believes that China’s experience can be a development that includes the United Nations. The organization’s strategy formulation provides a reference to better attract and use resources to achieve the poverty reduction plan in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. In addition, China’s contribution to global poverty reduction exceeds 70%, and China’s achievements have released a lot of resources. These resources can be invested in communities in Africa and the world that are more worthy of help. He said that the Chinese government and people have proven that through well-designed and implemented policies, and investment projects carried out under a strong monitoring and evaluation framework, this can be achieved. The goal of poverty eradication. But in many other places, the concept of poverty is only mentioned in speeches, and there is no targeted, social participation method. For other countries, China should be reducing socio-economic poverty. People’s leader in influence. Cavins is soberly aware that the method of participation by the whole society enables China to increase the country’s productivity while ensuring that development gains are fairly shared among different regions and sectors. In many countries, cities and major towns They tend to have priority over rural areas, but about 82% of the poor in Africa live in rural areas. So he pointed out that focusing on rural areas can greatly promote balanced development, ease population migration to urban centers, and help All people provide opportunities near their homes. More importantly, true and sustainable development can only be achieved in an environment of endogenous procedures, thinking, and resources. Cavins said that China is developing local technologies, philosophical ideas, and Work hard in professionalism, and these are the reasons for its success. “The Chinese are not looking outwards, but to use their domestic innovation capabilities while localizing global best practices. “He recalled that during his visit to China in 2018, he witnessed how rural communities in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region successfully combated desertification and created an ecologically sound environment. The beautiful environment created has also become a desert tourist attraction, which promotes economic development while maintaining the environment. And the health of culture. Cavins emphasized that in addition to the inspiration for poverty reduction, the international development support China provides to other countries has also become an important pillar of the global people’s livelihood improvement plan. “Beijing provides funding and technology. And personnel to help other places promote economic activities in multiple fields. “By using China’s experience and knowledge in poverty eradication, many countries have significantly increased their efforts and achieved practical results. Cavins sincerely hopes that in the process of working hard to achieve the development goals set out in the AU’s Agenda 2063 Africa can learn from China. On November 27, 2020, the Spanish China Policy Observation website published an article entitled “A China Without Extreme Poverty” by Spanish China expert Julio Rios, saying that the West should learn more China’s poverty alleviation model. The full text is excerpted as follows: A few days ago, China announced that the last batch of poor counties in the country had been lifted out of poverty. As a result, the persistence of several generations in China has freed hundreds of millions of people from underdevelopment and poverty. The development in recent years has made it difficult for people to doubt it: China has contributed more than 70% of the world’s poverty reduction, and it has been achieved 10 years earlier than the goal set by the United Nations 2030 Agenda. China’s poverty line is set at an annual rate. The income is about RMB 4,000. Of course, imbalance and inequality still need to be resolved, but there are also positive trends in this regard. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the per capita disposable income of urban residents and the per capita disposable income of rural residents The income ratio continues to shrink, reaching 2.64 to 1 in 2019, which is an improvement from 2.73 to 1 in 2015. China’s per capita gross domestic product (GDP) exceeds 10,000 US dollars, and the middle-income population exceeds 400 million. The problem of unbalanced development It still exists. For example, according to official data, the total GDP of the three northeastern provinces with weak economies and severe population exodus in 2019 is only 47% of that of the wealthy Guangdong Province. There are still grim realities in terms of imbalance and inequality. People need to continue to take actions to achieve greater national cohesion and social justice. But China has successfully eliminated extreme poverty. This first shows that poverty alleviation can be achieved. Of course, this requires perseverance and political will, as well as a model. , So that everyone can take response measures based on local conditions. For example, China gives priority to economic development, development of infrastructure, trade, employment, innovation, technology, education, public services, etc. The experience of the CCP believes that economic development is the panacea for poverty eradication. The key. We must also realize that China’s success has magnified our failure. The promotion of the advantages of the market and a free society concealed our inability to get rid of poverty. The poverty of our society is increasing, and so are imbalances and inequalities. Intensified. The gap between us and China is widening. Perhaps this is indeed caused by the nature of the system. In China, this major success is due to the firm action of the country rather than market leadership. In addition, China does not use international resources. Instead, it basically achieved this goal by relying on its own means. It first formulated a large number of plans, used a unique internal aid system to carry out strong public investment and goal setting, and allowed many enterprises in the developed areas of the country, especially state-owned enterprises , Play a role of assistance in the process of poverty alleviation. All these actors have allocated part of the resources and benefits to the poorest areas for many years. We should study China’s poverty alleviation and development models in depth, and establish Chinese and Western Dialogue in this area is to help countries get rid of the shackles of poverty at the international level. But it is likely that, like the management and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, geopolitical and ideological prejudices have blocked the recognition of evidence. China has successfully controlled the epidemic and eliminated extreme poverty, while the number of infections, deaths and hunger in Europe and the United States has been increasing. Nevertheless, Europe and the United States are still obsessed with the detailed study of China’s statement, and belittle the value of its achievements, simply classifying it as a propaganda method.