Poverty is a major problem that has plagued mankind for a long time, and defeating poverty is the long-cherished wish of the Chinese nation for a thousand years. The road to fighting the poor is full of hardships and struggles.

In 2014, the list of 832 national-level poverty-stricken counties across the country was announced. At that time, the area of poverty-stricken counties accounted for nearly half of the country’s land area, and about one in every three counties in the country was a poverty-stricken county. After unremitting efforts, the work of poverty alleviation has achieved remarkable results. Since 2016, my country’s poor counties have been lifted out of poverty year by year, and the number of withdrawals reached a peak in 2019. On November 23, 2020, as the last nine impoverished counties in Guizhou Province withdrew from the impoverished counties sequence, all 832 impoverished counties across the country were cleared, and nearly 100 million poor people were lifted out of poverty.

China’s poor villages, large and small, have undergone earth-shaking changes. Broad and flat cement roads lead directly to households, and 98% of poverty-stricken areas are connected to the Internet. Modern electrical appliances are no longer an unattainable luxury.

From the fulfillment of “quantity” to the pursuit of “quality” improvement, the happiness of hundreds of millions of people is indispensable on the way to prosperity.

On December 15, 2020, RIA Novosti published a report entitled “How China has successfully lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty”, stating that due to the impact of the new crown epidemic, the global extreme poverty rate may increase for the first time in 20 years. The government should pay more attention to China’s experience-despite the continuing turbulence in the global situation, in the past eight years alone, China has successfully lifted nearly 100 million people out of poverty. Yuri Tavrovsky, the Russian chairman of the Committee of Experts of the Russian-Chinese Friendship, Peace and Development Committee, said that from 1978 to 2012, the Chinese government took a number of major decisions in achieving poverty alleviation. He said: “The government has given priority assistance to rural areas, granting subsidies to irrigation projects, building roads, laying water supply networks, developing education, and providing targeted financial assistance to long-term poverty-stricken villages. Step by step, a five-year period. The plan is followed by a five-year plan, and the number of poor people is gradually decreasing.” Tavrovsky believes that the CCP puts national interests first, takes into account the development needs of two aspects, and makes the final decision to provide guarantee for the continuous growth of national wealth. And allocate funds to support poverty-stricken areas. Andrei Vinogradov, chief researcher of the Far East Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and associate professor of the Higher School of Economics, said: “At the same time, the living standards of the Chinese people have been greatly improved. Recall that at the end of the first decade of this century, China The average wage level of China exceeds that of Russia, and it has been increasing.” Russian experts emphasized that China’s poverty alleviation experience can be applied in other countries and regions. For this reason, it is necessary to analyze and study China’s measures to support the manufacturing industry, the experience of developing small and medium-sized enterprises, macroeconomic policies that use tax legislation as one of the elements, and control measures for foreign trade and investment activities. Sergei Sanakoyev, director of the Russia-China Analysis Center, said: “I have seen how China has changed in the past years of reform and opening up. The foundation has made the most indifferent bystanders indifferent. Developed roads and high-speed rail. The Internet has been established. The Chinese went from riding a horse-drawn carriage, riding a bicycle to now taking a spacecraft into space. The most important thing is that all people can enjoy the fruits of technological progress. “In China, the people are the most important economic factor. Sanakoyev said that the Chinese people are not only the beneficiaries of all efforts and measures for economic development, but also the promoters of economic development and have fully participated in this process. He believes: “Today’s China has demonstrated the possibility of building a community with a shared future in its own situation… All of us can work together to overcome poverty in the world. The Uzbek boy Shakhbuz went deep into the Dabie Mountains to explore the mystery of poverty alleviation and prosperity 2020 On November 27, 2004, the Kenya Flag Media Group website published an article entitled “African Experiences Learned from China’s Achievements in Eliminating Poverty” written by the country’s international relations scholar Adhill Cavins, pointing out that poverty in Africa It is still a major problem. About one in three people live in poverty. The number is 422 million, accounting for more than half of the world’s poorest people. The World Bank estimates that if changes are not made, 90% of the world’s population will be affected by 2030. Of poor people will be concentrated in Africa. This is worrying, because 2030 is also the deadline to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, including poverty eradication. Cavins believes that China’s experience can be a development that includes the United Nations. The organization’s strategy formulation provides a reference to better attract and use resources to achieve the poverty reduction plan in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. In addition, China’s contribution to global poverty reduction exceeds 70%, and China’s achievements have released a lot of resources. These resources can be invested in communities in Africa and the world that are more worthy of help. He said that the Chinese government and people have proven that through well-designed and implemented policies, and investment projects carried out under a strong monitoring and evaluation framework, this can be achieved. The goal of poverty eradication. But in many other places, the concept of poverty is only mentioned in speeches, and there is no targeted, social participation method. For other countries, China should be reducing socio-economic poverty. People’s leader in influence. Cavins is soberly aware that the method of participation by the whole society enables China to increase the country’s productivity while ensuring that development gains are fairly shared among different regions and sectors. In many countries, cities and major towns They tend to have priority over rural areas, but about 82% of the poor in Africa live in rural areas. So he pointed out that focusing on rural areas can greatly promote balanced development, ease population migration to urban centers, and help All people provide opportunities near their homes. More importantly, true and sustainable development can only be achieved in an environment of endogenous procedures, thinking, and resources. Cavins said that China is developing local technologies, philosophical ideas, and Work hard in professionalism, and these are the reasons for its success. “The Chinese are not looking outwards, but to use their domestic innovation capabilities while localizing global best practices. “He recalled that during his visit to China in 2018, he witnessed how rural communities in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region successfully combated desertification and created an ecologically sound environment. The beautiful environment created has also become a desert tourist attraction, which promotes economic development while maintaining the environment. And the health of culture. Cavins emphasized that in addition to the inspiration for poverty reduction, the international development support China provides to other countries has also become an important pillar of the global people’s livelihood improvement plan. “Beijing provides funding and technology. And personnel to help other places promote economic activities in multiple fields. “By using China’s experience and knowledge in poverty eradication, many countries have significantly increased their efforts and achieved practical results. Cavins sincerely hopes that in the process of working hard to achieve the development goals set out in the AU’s Agenda 2063 Africa can learn from China. On November 27, 2020, the Spanish China Policy Observation website published an article entitled “A China Without Extreme Poverty” by Spanish China expert Julio Rios, saying that the West should learn more China’s poverty alleviation model. The full text is excerpted as follows: A few days ago, China announced that the last batch of poor counties in the country had been lifted out of poverty. As a result, the persistence of several generations in China has freed hundreds of millions of people from underdevelopment and poverty. The development in recent years has made it difficult for people to doubt it: China has contributed more than 70% of the world’s poverty reduction, and it has been achieved 10 years earlier than the goal set by the United Nations 2030 Agenda. China’s poverty line is set at an annual rate. The income is about RMB 4,000. Of course, imbalance and inequality still need to be resolved, but there are also positive trends in this regard. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the per capita disposable income of urban residents and the per capita disposable income of rural residents The income ratio continues to shrink, reaching 2.64 to 1 in 2019, which is an improvement from 2.73 to 1 in 2015. China’s per capita gross domestic product (GDP) exceeds 10,000 US dollars, and the middle-income population exceeds 400 million. The problem of unbalanced development It still exists. For example, according to official data, the total GDP of the three northeastern provinces with weak economies and severe population exodus in 2019 is only 47% of that of the wealthy Guangdong Province. There are still grim realities in terms of imbalance and inequality. People need to continue to take actions to achieve greater national cohesion and social justice. But China has successfully eliminated extreme poverty. This first shows that poverty alleviation can be achieved. Of course, this requires perseverance and political will, as well as a model. , So that everyone can take response measures based on local conditions. For example, China gives priority to economic development, development of infrastructure, trade, employment, innovation, technology, education, public services, etc. The experience of the CCP believes that economic development is the panacea for poverty eradication. The key. We must also realize that China’s success has magnified our failure. The promotion of the advantages of the market and a free society concealed our inability to get rid of poverty. The poverty of our society is increasing, and so are imbalances and inequalities. Intensified. The gap between us and China is widening. Perhaps this is indeed caused by the nature of the system. In China, this major success is due to the firm action of the country rather than market leadership. In addition, China does not use international resources. Instead, it basically achieved this goal by relying on its own means. It first formulated a large number of plans, used a unique internal aid system to carry out strong public investment and goal setting, and allowed many enterprises in the developed areas of the country, especially state-owned enterprises , Play a role of assistance in the process of poverty alleviation. All these actors have allocated part of the resources and benefits to the poorest areas for many years. We should study China’s poverty alleviation and development models in depth, and establish Chinese and Western Dialogue in this area is to help countries get rid of the shackles of poverty at the international level. But it is likely that, like the management and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, geopolitical and ideological prejudices have blocked the recognition of evidence. China has successfully controlled the epidemic and eliminated extreme poverty, while the number of infections, deaths and hunger in Europe and the United States has been increasing. Nevertheless, Europe and the United States are still obsessed with the detailed study of China’s statement, and belittle the value of its achievements, simply classifying it as a propaganda method.


By zhiwo

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9 months ago

The National Poverty Alleviation Summary and Commendation Conference was held in Beijing on the morning of February 25th. Shanghai Radio and Television Station will release two British co-produced documentaries “China on the Move”. The film uses an international perspective and vivid character stories to show the unprecedented scale, the greatest strength, and the most populous battle against poverty in human history. The film is 30 minutes per episode and will be broadcast on Dragon TV, Documentary Humanities Channel and Shanghai Foreign Language Channel from February 25th to 26th. The mobile client of BesTV can also be watched simultaneously.

9 months ago

China’s poverty alleviation project has attracted worldwide attention. After 8 years of continuous struggle, China has completed the task of poverty alleviation in the new era as scheduled. Under the current standards, all rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty, all poor counties have been lifted, and nearly 100 million poor people have been lifted out of poverty. A major victory that has made the whole world admire. “China on the Move” was jointly produced by the Shanghai Radio and Television Documentary Center and the British Lion Television Production Company. It is a major project of the “Documentary China” communication project and was included in the key documentary of the 14th Five-Year Plan of the State Administration of Radio and Television 2021-2025. Topic selection, Shanghai’s first batch of key literary creation projects centered on the theme of a well-off society in an all-round way and the centennial of the founding of the party. The two documentaries focused on China’s poverty alleviation project and China’s rapid economic recovery under the normalization of epidemic prevention and control through the international perspectives of two foreign host An Long and Jenny.

9 months ago

The first episode of “China on the Move” focuses on the theme of “China’s Poverty Alleviation Project” and uses an international narrative method to develop the industry of ethnic minority intangible cultural heritage in remote areas, how to effectively integrate the control of desertification in the western region with the Internet, Yunnan The four stories of Pu’er farmers planting coffee beans and the Shanghai Futures Exchange’s targeted poverty alleviation through financial products of natural rubber production areas have demonstrated China’s first poverty alleviation methods such as intangible cultural heritage poverty alleviation, ecological poverty alleviation, industrial poverty alleviation, and financial poverty alleviation. From farms in southwestern China to coastal cities in the east, and then to the deserts in northwestern China, An Long and Jenny went deep into the scene to observe and interview. They vividly told how China is winning the battle against poverty with vivid stories and cases. During the process, how the government, people and all walks of life in society should deal with various problems and challenges, and provide the world with reference value Chinese solutions, Chinese models, and Chinese wisdom.

9 months ago

Under the new crown pneumonia epidemic, China’s economy has become a highlight of the global economy. The second episode of “China on the Move” focuses on the story of how China in various industries can resume work and production in an orderly manner under the normalization of epidemic prevention and control, and promote the rapid economic recovery. It shows the adjustment of China’s industrial structure under the new situation, the recovery and rise of different industries, the rapid response and transformation and innovation of Chinese enterprises, and how people adjust their mentality to adapt to new changes and new lives.

9 months ago

I am not a foreigner. Foreign poverty alleviation theories are based on capitalist liberal economics. Its theoretical resources are mainly welfare economics. Its modernization path theory provides theoretical support and ideological services for the development of capitalism. Capital’s own concept of modernization occupies the center of poverty theory. my country’s modernization theory is socialist modernization, which is fundamentally different from capitalist modernization theory and logic. The only civilization of the latter is the concept of capital’s own civilizational function, while the latter is a living contradictory mode of production that does not recognize that capital itself is a living contradiction that produces poverty. The theory of poverty alleviation in our country is based on the road of socialist modernization, and its mode of production is centered on socialist productive appropriation, that is, a mode of production that serves the people’s better life. It has new civilized characteristics and history that are different from capital. The way of road production. In short, the core of the socialist poverty alleviation theory is the socialist modernization theory and path, which is fundamentally different from the modernization path of the capital concept and its corresponding poverty theory. The public opinion community must be conscious of this theory and not be led by foreign theories.

9 months ago

In 2021, we will fulfill the requirements of the first centenary mission in the “two centenary” goals, which is to “build a well-off society in an all-round way” by the centenary of the founding of the party. Anti-poverty is the self-consciousness of mankind, because it is a need rooted in instinct. But at the same time, this is an extremely arduous task. The history of human civilization has thousands of years, and it has never escaped absolute poverty. A community, a country, may be among the best in the world in terms of wealth, but there will always be a certain proportion of the absolute poor. In 2021, China finally bid farewell to absolute poverty. This is a country with a vast territory, a long history, and a large population. In the history of this country, it got rid of the strict hierarchy more than 2,000 years ago. It has the concept of “the world”, the ideal of great harmony, and generations have a sense of mission. The scholars have worked tirelessly for this ideal, but it has never been realized. Today’s China must realize this historical vision of the future.

9 months ago

Science and technology are the primary productive forces”, because technology helps people transform nature. Therefore, the steam engine was put into production in the mid-18th century, and the ability of human beings to transform nature was greatly improved. The productive forces created by class rule are more and greater than the total productive forces created by all previous generations. “It stands to reason that since the productivity has developed greatly, mankind should be able to get rid of poverty. However, in the process of world modernization, people have discovered that the poverty problem has not been solved, it has even been deepened and given more content.

9 months ago

Chapter Seventy-seventh of Laozi: “The way of the sky is like a bow! The high one suppresses it, the next one lifts it, the surplus loses it, the deficiencies follow it, the heaven’s way damages more than it makes up for the deficiencies. Humanity is not the case. , The damage is insufficient, and the surplus is given.” Lao Tzu said, the principle of heaven is to “damage the surplus and make up for the deficiencies”. Only the human world can “damage the insufficiency and give the surplus”. In the vernacular, the poorer you are, the more the human distribution system will draw from you and transfer it to the rich. Therefore, the richer the richer, the poorer the poorer. If the problem of the distribution system is not solved, then the progress of productivity will not only not help alleviating poverty, but will continue to create new poverty and make the gap between the rich and the poor increasingly extreme. Laozi further answered the question he raised, what should I do? “Which one can have more to serve the world? There is only one who has the Tao.” Therefore, we must look forward to the emergence of “the one who has the Tao” to make the Tao conform to the Tao of Heaven with the “surplus to serve the world”.

9 months ago

Poverty is not inevitable. Chinese history has been walking like this for more than 2,000 years-unfair. Why does unfairness arise? As we said earlier, it is because there is a problem with the distribution system. In the 19th century, Marxism gave a clear answer: because the ownership of the means of production is controlled by a few people. For China, we are not without consciousness. Since the Qin and Han dynasties, the ruling class in China has understood that the fundamental reason for the division and turbulence of society is that the means of production (mainly land) are controlled by a few people, so most talents are trapped in poverty.

9 months ago

To get rid of poverty, we also need to develop the foundation of productivity. If the overall social and economic output capacity is very weak, it cannot meet the basic needs of all people on average, and it is impossible to get rid of poverty. The means of production are the core, which has long been known to the Chinese. Although the unified regimes of all dynasties in China cannot overcome private ownership, they will try their best to prevent the cancerous development of private ownership—unrestricted land annexation. In addition, the unified regime will also consciously prevent the money class (merchants) from entering the center of power. Since the establishment of the imperial examination system in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, they will not be allowed to participate in the imperial examination, so as to prevent the hijack of public power by money. Hijacking will lead to corruption and the formation of interest groups. The unified regime of China’s prefectures and counties was not in line with the interests of the people, but politicians realized that if the interests of ordinary people were not taken care of at a minimum, then the regime would not be far from collapse.

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