I recently read a novel. Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism are all for the sake of oneself in the end. I understand the meaning of Buddhism and Taoism for oneself, but what kind of thinking is Confucianism? I only know the great ambition of ruling the country and the world. Can you please tell me if you know?

Confucianism is developing dynamically, so when evaluating it, it is not possible to define Confucianism in terms of the words spoken by a single character. The earliest cornerstone of Confucianism came from the patriarchal system established in the Western Zhou Dynasty. This system was tailor-made to solve the new dynasty of the Western Zhou Dynasty. The patriarchal system combined with the enfeoffment system formed the political rule of the Zhou Dynasty, which was very applicable at the beginning of the Western Zhou Dynasty. However, with the increase and development of social productivity alone, the competition brought about by population growth has begun to become fierce. Once there are too many people and less meat, disputes will inevitably arise. The enfeoffment system began to disintegrate, and the big princes began to swallow the little princes; on the other hand, the original inheritance system was not implemented in the patriarchal system, and the strong were unwilling to decide their own destiny by their status, capable and ambitious. Gradually overstep the patriarchal system. Of course, this historical evolution process was very slow. During this period, it experienced quantitative changes for hundreds of years, until the beginning of qualitative changes in the middle and late Spring and Autumn Period. The Confucian thought in the Confucian period mainly advocated self-denial, restoring propriety, and seeking benevolence. The three major propositions are that Confucius put forward reform ideas from the standpoint of aristocratic rule. His main purpose is to realize the former “peace and prosperity” by restoring and complying with the Western Zhou system. Confucius is a politician, he is not a saint to be sacred and unoffended by later generations. This must be kept in mind. Reading the words of Confucius carefully, he basically revolved around the self-denial, the restoration of rituals and the seeking of benevolence. First of all, you must restrain your own desires that you shouldn’t have, insist on honoring the Zhou rituals, and pursuing higher morals. This is Confucianism of Confucius. As a politician, Confucius has no mercy against political opponents, and kills those who deserve to be killed. Killing the Qi National Song and Dance Troupe is also for the benefit of his own Lu State. He praised Guan Zhong for saving the Chinese civilization. Confucius resolutely opposed the following crimes, especially rebellion, and resolutely did not allow it. When he arrived at Mencius, he was very different from Confucius. Mencius sublimated Confucianism from political doctrine to humanistic doctrine. Mencius represented the civilian class. All of Mencius’s remarks were scolding the rulers at that time for not caring about the world and the people’s livelihood. Mencius, except for not daring to confuse Confucius, will confuse everyone. In the eyes of Mencius, Guan Zhong is a fart. Mencius even warned the monarch that the monarch is unkind and the people can be unrighteous, which is tantamount to openly challenging the ruler. The difference between Confucianism and Mencius is also based on the difference of the times. Mencius was from the Warring States period. He lived in a time when humanity was more awakened and social contradictions were greater. The people were demanding the right to survive and hoped that there would be no war. Then Xunzi further developed Confucianism. The restoration of Zhou rituals was a reversal of history, but it was necessary to observe the new ritual system. Xunzi was not known to ordinary people like Mencius. Although Mencius spoke on behalf of ordinary people, he had no political ability. Xunzi did. Xunzi’s Confucianism is to keep pace with the times, and to adhere to the humanistic aspirations of practicing Confucianism, but also to give consideration to political rule. Many people don’t understand that Xunzi, as a Confucianist, could have two disciples of the Fa school. In fact, the thoughts of the various schools of thought are interlinked, but they have different emphasis. Many Confucianism and legalism are interlinked, and the conflict is only in the supervision of rights. Confucianism still follows a hierarchy of privileges, while legalists treat them equally. The biggest reason why legalism was slandered by later generations was that there were many nobles and nobles between the monarch and the common people who were privileged, and this part of the rights was directly obliterated by the legalists. It is easy to understand the country as a company. The Confucian management model is a privileged level, and the officials at the top level crush people to death. Legalists mean that everyone except the boss is under the supervision of the law. The officials have different functions and different salaries, but they cannot exceed their powers. Legalists advocate the supervision of the whole people. Therefore, the legal reforms in various countries ultimately choose the legalists. It is only Qin. The reform of the country is only the bottom line. As for the slander of the Legalists for aggression, it is extremely ridiculous. Since ancient times, the development of human civilization has been based on the weak and the strong. Throwing this kind of pot to the Legalists? When Confucianism entered the Han Dynasty, especially during the period of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, the monarch needed a doctrine to stabilize his rule, and the aristocracy also needed a doctrine to maintain their privileges. Then only Confucianism was the most suitable for the philosophers. That’s why it was possible to ban a hundred schools of Confucianism. At this time, Confucianism began to tailor, optimize, and modify various doctrines for this kind of co-governance between the emperor and the ministers. Since Han Confucianism, Confucianism has long been different from pre-Qin Confucianism. They served their own interest groups. I’m just a brief statement here. If you want a detailed argument, you can read my column to let you know the real philosophers.


By zhiwo

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6 months ago

In fact, whether it is the Middle East, India or China, once the barbarians have long been hanging and attacking the originally very open Middle East, Wahhabi will immediately be wrapped up in Hinduism, not to mention the opening of China’s original Han and Tang Dynasties. Cheng Zhu Neo-Confucianism was born. It can’t beat the barbarians or the women of the family. Unlike the Middle East and India, China has crawled out, why can it be crawled out? This is China’s easy acceptance of Marxism. Because the master of Confucianism, Xunzi said that the heavens are permanent, not for the Yao to survive, but to respect the objective laws. It is not that you are omnipotent when you cultivate morality. Starting in the Song Dynasty, Mencius overpowered Xunzi, and Zhu Xi revised the Four Books and Five Classics. Mencius also compiled Mencius into one of the four books. At the same time, the Zizhi Tongjian and other books of the Song Dynasty also indicate that China will encounter problems in the future. It is not to find a solution, but to find similar experience from ancient times. Surrounded by an army of millions of enemies, one said we will cross Chishui four times, and the other said we will cultivate our virtues. Once we have cultivated our virtues, we will be able to solve the opponent. I guess you would know which one to choose if you close your eyes… ···This is the pinnacle of Confucianism. Xunzi’s legacy has encountered problems. To study and solve problems, it is not a omnipotent cultivating virtue. After all, I have cultivated virtue for 300 years, but I was still dangling by foreigners…

6 months ago

Zhuzi was originally a family. “The Book of Changes” determined the humanistic direction of Chinese civilization, eradicated the soil of mysticism, and the Chinese people have since been insulated from religion. On this basis, Laozi gave a complete framework, including ontology, epistemology, and methodology. It should be noted that Lao Tzu is not opposed to benevolence, justice, courtesy and wisdom. These are the universal values ​​of mankind. Isn’t opposition to these cults and terrorism? How can it be passed on for thousands of years? What Lao Tzu opposes is the deliberately advertised, nameless benevolence, justice, etiquette, and wisdom, because that way is to seek fish from the roots of the tree, and should be compatible with them with virtue and realize them by the way. Confucius agreed with Lao Tzu’s understanding of Tao and virtue, and proposed “to be committed to Tao, based on virtue, relying on benevolence, and enjoyment in art”, and further confirmed the Chinese ontology “respect for ghosts and gods and stay far away”, “Zi does not speak. ‘Strange, power, chaos, god'”. Confucius also believes that the final state of individuals who constantly improve their own values ​​is to “do whatever they want without overstepping the rules”, which is a manifestation of Lao Tzu’s thought of “the way of nature”. Confucius inherited the metaphysical part of Laozi, but focused on the relationship between people. The object he faced was the common people, not the monarch, so he inherited Lao Tzu’s thoughts and focused on “benevolence”. For the common people, this is teaching in accordance with their aptitude. Mozi pushes benevolence to the extreme and believes that the ultimate form of benevolence should be pursued in one step, that is, “universal love”. This point complements Confucius’ ideal of a world of great harmony. There is no conflict between Confucianism and Mozi, but Mencius did not understand the difference between “reality” and “should”. When he criticized Mozi, he stood from the perspective of reality, saying that “universal love” is difficult to achieve, but it should not be achieved if it is difficult to achieve. ? This is the limitation of Mencius. Mencius inherited Confucius, but because the environment of the Warring States was worse and Confucianism talked about gentlemen, Mencius retreated and pursued “righteousness.” Later, Xunzi’s environment became even worse, so he proposed “evil nature”, which is the basis for legalists to “rule the country by law.” Han Fei’s collection of the great achievements of the Legalists, combining law, force, and technique, provides a complete set of teaching materials for future generations of centralized monarchs, and these things are the specific practice of Laozi’s “outside the body”, but blindly emphasized that it is a loss. Biased. Later, Qin destroyed the six countries with legalism, but the authoritarianism eventually collapsed. The Han Dynasty established the country based on Taoism, and later dominated Confucianism. In fact, it was still external Confucianism and internal law, and law was Taoist art, so it can also be said that external Confucianism and internal Taoism. As for Buddhism, nihilism is adopted for the world, but unlike nihilism, he added a concept of reincarnation, which reconciles the contradiction between nihilism and society. But after all, the introduction of mysticism is no longer a comparison with academics. Later generations often referred to both Laozi and Laozi, but Zhuangzi and Laozi are not the same. If Confucius inherited Lao Tzu, Zhuang Tzu is closer to Buddhism. Of course, Zhuangzi was independent of Buddhism and developed China’s own “nihilism.” However, Zhuangzi is not completely nihilism, he added a purpose to nihilism, “freedom”. The introduction of this purpose made Zhuangzi’s entire system not go negative, but instead turned his pen to a bright future. This is the culmination of nihilism without introducing mysticism. It is a realm that transcends everything, so it becomes a good medicine for world-weary people. The above are theories. In terms of practice, Confucianism has put forward relatively specific methodologies, such as “Ge Zhizheng, Xiu Qi Zhiping”, “Study and practice”, “Knowledge and practice unity” and so on. Confucian entry into the WTO is not just talking about it. In terms of building values, it is indeed very grounded. Of course, the Mohist school who was also a prominent scholar of the pre-Qin Dynasty was even more sinking, proposing a formal logic system, and making a lot of achievements in the field of engineering technology. At the practical level, it is even better than Confucianism.

6 months ago

It is not accurate for Confucianism to say that it is “a kind of” thought. The early Confucian Confucianism, the dominated Han Confucianism, Ming and Song Confucianism, and the Mind of the Ming Dynasty were completely different species, but they all topped the shell of Confucianism. It is recognized that Confucius is the ancestor, and then each sings their own scriptures. The core spirit of each Confucianism was developed according to the background and cultural environment of the time, and was interpreted by cultural leaders. Song Lu Jiuyuan’s “Quotations”: “Or ask Mr.: Why not write a book? The answer is: the six classics annotate me! I annotate the six classics! If you must find a thought that is in the same line, it is that Confucianism in all dynasties has a social structure, All Confucianists are idealistic in transforming the ideals of society that are embarked on by interpersonal relations.

6 months ago

A study of interpersonal relationships, and the development of an interest distribution system based on superiority and inferiority. Of course, Confucianism also studies other social issues. Six key words of Confucianism: self-cultivation, communication, and governance. Defects of Confucianism: 1. Confucianism is only suitable for stagnant societies. Since the mid-Han Dynasty, China has entered a society where productivity is relatively stagnant. The social physical wealth produced every year has not increased rapidly, and it belongs to the stock market. In order to maintain a stagnant society, it is necessary to pay attention to a system of profit distribution strictly based on respect and inferiority. 2. In the era of scientific and technological progress and rapid productivity improvement, Confucianism will hinder the development of science and technology, because Confucianism never pays attention to science and technology. Princes, brothers of the Eight Banners, were born with a priority in the distribution of wealth. In ancient times, they formed a solid chain of profit distribution. If the poor in ancient times wanted to get ahead, there was only Confucian imperial examination and surrender to this system, but scholars still had a ceiling , The royal family is the natural master. Suppress the merchants, fearing that the ancient merchants will grow and challenge the imperial power. This is contrary to the industrial revolution after the end of the Qing Dynasty. In the era of science and technology, scientists and engineers enjoyed priority in the distribution of wealth. Scientists and engineers could not be reused, and their status was not as good as that of the emperor of the eight flags at the end of the Qing Dynasty, thus restricting the development of science and technology. 3. What you say is benevolence, justice and morality. The actual action is to use low-tech salt and iron monopoly methods to scrape away wealth. Benevolence, justice and morality are for honest people. The level of respect determines what you can do and what you can’t. As for economic power, where there are monopoly resources, the imperial power will use whatever to make money. This is the secret of the ancient royal family’s wealth.

6 months ago

Do you know why the law needs to be changed every year? Because no matter how good the rules are, people find loopholes, and with the development of the times, no matter how good theories are, sooner or later they will become castles in the sky. When are you talking about Confucianism? The founder of Confucianism was Confucius, the first major reform was Mencius, the biggest reform was in the era of Liu Bang, and the most far-reaching was the era of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. After that, there are a lot of reforms between Confucianism at different stages, and there are big differences. In particular, what you said about crossing oneself is very similar to the thoughts at the stage of Confucian and Zen exchanges. Yes, Zen thoughts are importantly influenced by Confucian thoughts. Thoughts actually influence each other. You must first pay attention to when you are asking Confucianism. The great reformers Shu Sun Tong and Confucius and Mencius are both Confucianists. In fact, the ideological difference is greater than the difference between American imperialism and ours. After years of thinking, you have to look at it in stages. In a nutshell, it’s really inappropriate.

6 months ago

Through the Analects, you can roughly understand what kind of thinking Confucianism is. Dao is governed by politics, and all is to be punished, and the people are free and shameless. Tao is moral, Qi is courteous, shameful and moral. Forgive me! Do unto others, do not impose on others. Restraining oneself and returning rituals is benevolence, one day denying oneself and returning to rituals, the world returns to benevolence. The theoretical basis of Confucian world peace is human shame and empathy. Of course, Mencius’s four-pointed heart was added later, and then it developed into affection. Confucianism realizes that emotion is the origin of behavior, and hopes to achieve peace in the world through the cultivation of the heart (the so-called self-cultivation is righteousness and sincerity). Simply put, human nature is inherently good. This is the theoretical basis. Through self-cultivation, this is the method to achieve the golden mean, so as to achieve the goal of returning to the world. Confucius taught people to self-denial and return to courtesy, what did Mencius say? There is no other way of learning, just ask for peace of mind. What did Zhu Zi say? The saint has a thousand words, only teaches people, preserves the principles of nature, and destroys human desires. Wang Yangming teaches the unity of knowledge and action, to conscience, what is to conscience? In fact, it is the same as Zhu Zi’s. Zhu Jing is actually righteous and sincere, that is, being self-conscious, and it is going to be restrained when one’s thoughts are moved. This is a problematic thought.

6 months ago

Governing the Country and Ping the World The general classic essays “Da Xue” and “Da Xue” from Confucianism reveal the core ideas of Confucianism: the way of a university is to be clear and virtuous, to be close to the people, and to stop at the best. The core of Confucianism is to promote Mingde, improve people’s livelihood, and achieve the supreme pure goodness. Confucianism is the unity of being one and oneself, it is not only to cultivate one’s own virtue, but also to improve the whole world. How to do it? “The Daxue” explains the method of Confucianism, also called the Eight Outlines. In ancient times, those who want to know the virtues in the world, first rule their country; those who want to rule their country, first align their families; those who want to align their families, first cultivate their bodies; those who want to cultivate their bodies, first correct their hearts; want to correct their own Those who want to be sincere, first know their intentions. Zhizhi is in the study of things. The character is then known, the knowledge is then the sincerity, the sincerity is then the heart is right, the heart is right and the body is cultivated, the body is cultivated and the family is Qi, the family is Qi and the country is governed, and the country is governed by the world. In ancient times, those who wanted to promote integrity in the world must first govern their own country; if they wanted to govern their own country, they must first manage their own families and families; if they wanted to manage their own families and families, they must first Cultivate your own character; if you want to cultivate your own character, you must first correct your own mind; if you want to correct your own mind, you must first make your own thoughts sincere; if you want to make your own thoughts sincere, you must first gain knowledge ; The way to gain knowledge is to understand and study everything. Knowledge can be obtained only through the knowledge and research of all things; knowledge can be obtained to be sincere; the mind can be corrected only when the mind is sincere; the character can be cultivated only after the mind is correct; the family and family can be managed well after the character is cultivated; Only after the family can govern the country can the country be governed well before the world can be peaceful.

6 months ago

Write a dialogue “Kong Hei” Mozi: Hello, I want to oppose Confucius and Confucianism. Reporter: Are you? Mozi: I am Mozi. Reporter: Oh, Mozi. You can’t, your reputation and status are not as good as Confucius. Confucius, that’s the sage of Confucius! Mozi: Is Confucius the truth? Reporter: Wang Yangming believes that learning is a public school in the world, not something that Confucius can privately own. Confucius’ words are not absolute truth. Wang Yangming: The husband’s heart of learning is worthy of learning, but not from the heart. Although the words come from Confucius, I dare not think it is true. Mozi: That’s right. Reporter: But Confucius is still the most influential educator and thinker of the Chinese nation. Mozi: Confucius, how do you deserve to be an educator? What is the purpose of education? It makes people change their destiny! Confucianism advocates “fate theory.” Confucianism believes that people’s poverty, prosperity, longevity, natural disasters, and world affairs have certain fixed numbers, which cannot be increased or decreased. In my opinion, if the people in the upper ranks adopt this theory, they must not be able to handle government affairs well; the people in the lower ranks must not be engaged in production if they adopt this theory. “Mozi·Gongmeng”: “Fate is also a matter of life, rich and poor, longevity, peace and security, there are extremes, and no gains or gains. Those who do it for the top must not listen to the rules; those who do it for the bottom must be Don’t engage in it.” The Confucian “fate theory” and “education change destiny” propositions are contrary to each other! Reporter: If education is to change the personal destiny of students, some of them are too small. Education is for the purpose of cultivating talents for the Chinese nation, cultivating people who are truly talented, learn, and work hard, and realize China’s rejuvenation. Mozi: Then Confucius is not even an educator. Confucianism, but the most empty talk! Isn’t it ridiculous that Confucianism opposes “profit and righteousness”? In my opinion, handouts must be combined with actual benefits to bring actual benefits to people. Reporter: In the relationship between righteousness and profit, Confucianism believes that the two are opposites. Confucius said: “A gentleman is a metaphor for righteousness, and a villain is a metaphor for profit.” Mencius also said: “Wang Yi said benevolence and righteousness are nothing but profit?” In the eyes of Confucius and Mencius, righteousness and profit can only be one of the two. Mozi: I think that handouts must bring practical benefits to people, otherwise it will only be empty talk. The reason why the ancient Mingjun saints were able to unite the world and rectify the princes was that they cared for the people sincerely, graciously worked for the people, and linked their dedication to faith and righteousness so that the people could see the benefits. Therefore, the people will never abandon the king for life, and will never tire of life. “Mozi · Festival”: Zimozi said: “The ancient sage of the king of Ming is the king of the world and the righteous princes. He loves the people and is loyal, benefits the people, is connected with loyalty, and shows benefits for life. Don’t succumb, die without scrolling. The ancient sage of the king of Ming is the king of the world and the righteous princes, so.” Reporter: Now China is a socialist society, and there have been no monarchs for a long time. Your set of “monarchs and people” is out of date! Mozi: If I am out of date, Confucius is out of date? Reporter: Your Mo family has no descendants. Confucius’ Confucianism and Confucianism are endless. Mozi: Those spiritual descendants of Confucius seem to be noble and moral gentlemen on the surface, but in fact they are extremely pedantic! In the face of the country’s economic embarrassment, they not only failed to make plans to solve practical problems, but they also understood the words of Confucius and Mencius one-sidedly and rigidly. “Suppress the end but open up benevolence and righteousness, without showing profit” and so on, thinking that “gentlemen” should avoid talking about financial gains, “emphasize righteousness and despise profit”, as if as long as they do what they call “benevolence and righteousness”, money can fall from the sky. Same down. Zhuangzi: They may not be really pedantic. They may also cover up their incompetence with the slogan of “not talking about money and profit”. Reporter: Are you? Zhuangzi: I am Zhuangzi. Reporter: What are you doing here? Zhuangzi: I also came to oppose Confucius. Mozi: You line up, I haven’t finished opposing Confucius! Education promotes innovation, while Confucianism promotes “retroversion”. Confucianism believes that a gentleman must wear ancient clothes and speak old sayings in order to conform to “benevolence, justice and morality.” They also said that a gentleman should “follow and not act”, that is, to follow the predecessors and not to innovate. Isn’t this going against the purpose of “education should promote innovation”? “Mozi: Non-Confucianism”: The Confucian said: “A gentleman must obey the ancient language, and then benevolence.” Ying Zhi said: The so-called ancient words will all taste the new ones, and the ancients who obey them, are they not gentlemen? But then he must be served by non-gentlemen, and words are not the words of a gentleman, and then benevolent? He also said: “A gentleman follows and does not make it.” Ying Zhi said: the ancient Yi used to make a bow, the tenants used as armours, Xi Zhong made carts, and cleverly made boats; however, today’s abalones, letters, carts, and craftsmen are all gentlemen, and Yi, Dian, Xi Zhong, and Qiao Chui are all villains? And the way it follows, people must do it; but it’s all inhumane. Zhuangzi: Are there any believers in the Confucian retro thinking? Reporter: Yes. Wang Mang and Fang Xiaoru highly praised the Confucian “retroversion” mentality, and they should also pursue the “retroversion” in politics. Wang Mang resumed Zhou Li and restored the mine field system in the Western Zhou Dynasty, causing great chaos in the world; Fang Xiaoru and Emperor Jianwen also wanted to restore the mine field system in the Western Zhou Dynasty, but they were ousted by Zhu Di before the operation began. Zhuangzi: Education advocates expressing true feelings. The disciples of Confucius only paid attention to external etiquette and ignored the inner emotions of people. We created a fable that wrote: Zi Sanghu passed away, Confucius heard the news of his death and asked Zi Gong to go to the funeral of his assistant. Zigong saw the two friends of the deceased arrange and sing elegies and said that they did not pay attention to etiquette. The two said that Zi Gong only pays attention to etiquette and ignores people’s inner feelings. “Zhuangzi”: Zi Sanghu, Mencius Fan, and Ziqin Zhang Xiang and Friends said: “Which one can interact with the non-phase and the non-phase with the non-phase; who can climb the sky and travel in the fog, scratch the infinity, forget each other To live, to end without end!” The three of them looked at each other and smiled, not against their hearts, and then met with friends. Mo Ran had a time, but Zi Sanghu died and was not buried. Confucius heard it and sent Zi Gong to serve Yan. Or arrange the music, or drum and piano, and the song said: “Sanghuhu! Sanghuhu! But the opposite is true, and I am still a man!” Zi Gongxi went in and said, “Dare to ask Lin The corpse and the song, the courtesy?” The two of them looked at each other and laughed and said: “It is the evil knowledge and courtesy!”) Reporter: This is what you used to mock Confucius’ disciples, right? Zhuangzi: In my eyes, Confucianism emphasizes an externalized ritual, while Taoism supports people’s true feelings. Compared with Taoism, Confucianism is so hypocritical! Reporter: Confucian hypocrisy? Zhuangzi: That’s right. I think that the Confucian “sews clothes in a shallow way, pretends to be hypocritical”, is good at literary decoration, and engages in Chinese ci, so that the people “leave the real and learn the hypocrisy”. The Confucian advocates etiquette and pays too much attention to ceremonial techniques, which is flashy and unrealistic, and has gone from formality to hypocrisy. “Zhuangzi Ji Shi”: Today I cultivate the way of civil and martial arts, grasp the debate of the world, to teach future generations, to sew shallow clothing, to pretend to be hypocritical, to confuse the master of the world, and the desire for wealth and honor is better than the one who steals. Why does the world not mean that the son is the thief, but that I am the thief? “Zhuangzi”: Lu Ai Gong asked Yan He: “I take Zhongni as the virgin, and the country is full of crusty?” He said: “It’s awkward, rubbish! Zhongni painted with feathers, and engaged in Chinese speech. The purpose is to support, and tolerance is to look at the people, not knowing or not believing. To accept the heart, to dominate the god, how can a husband be enough to serve the people! He is suitable for you? You can make mistakes? Mistakes can be carried out! It’s not because you look at the people. It’s not for the future generations to worry about it. It’s hard to treat it! It’s hard to treat people without forgetting, it’s not a natural cloth, and merchants don’t despise. Jin and wood are also; those who are tortured inside, move and pass. Those who are tortured outside, Jinmu hears it; those who are tortured inside are eaten by yin and yang. Those who are free from punishment outside and inside, only real people can do it .”

6 months ago

Confucianism is very complicated. From ancient times to the present, there is no thought that can shake his orthodox status. By the way, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism were fighting in ancient times, and no one was convinced. So now trying to unify these three schools of thought, the perspectives are all modern. Returning to Confucianism, Confucianism is essentially an idea of maintaining order, which is why many dynasties adopt this school. When rulers believe in Taoism and Buddhism, it is often when the country collapses. Confucianism also advocates many traditional personal virtues, such as benevolence, justice, etiquette, wisdom and faith. Confucianism seldom talks about the world and the universe. It was only after the Song Dynasty that new Confucianism emerged. For example, the Four Sentences of Hengqu were born during this period, which largely opposed the nihility of Taoism and Buddhism that were very popular at that time. One more thing, Confucian scholars are not stereotyped old antiquities, they are mostly scholars who are practical and practical. Confucian scholars do not believe in the next life, so they pay more attention to realizing the value of life in this life. In the same way, many of them understand etiquette, know how to advance and retreat, and have wisdom. They are really not the kind of silly characters in novels.

6 months ago

Set the rules for the world. Develop corresponding relations for each link of the social structure. Confucius put forward “the emperor, the minister, the minister, the father, the son and the son,” and constructed a good social vision. But it did not say what should be done if the two parties did not fulfill the corresponding conditions. Then Mencius spoke. For example, “the emperor and minister”, “the emperor treats his ministers like soil and mustards, and his ministers treat him as enemies.” “Mencius” probably means this. Monarchs and ministers, fathers and sons, brothers, husbands and wives, scholars, teachers and students, Confucius and Mencius are committed to serving the society. The corresponding relationship sets a rule, to the effect that I treat you well, you treat me well, and everyone is good together. The main reason for Confucian criticism was that many people later concealed the correspondence. The superiors blindly demanded the loyalty of the subordinates, the officials demanded the people to obey, the parents demanded the obedience of the children, the teachers demanded respect from the students, and the husband demanded the wives to obey. And what is the solution to the concealed imbalance of correspondence? Is to cut him. The father is not kind and the son is not filial. The officials are unknown and the people do not follow. Teachers do not respect morals and disciples. Even if the emperor is not a good official, he can be regarded as a bandit, Mencius tells you, you can cut him off. Of course someone can say that Confucius never said that. Here we draw on the words of Lu Xiucai in “Wulin Biography”. If you don’t say it, that may not be the meaning. (I didn’t say anything, I didn’t believe it) You want to say that a person who is committed to building a corresponding relationship in the social structure only thinks about the good side and never the bad side. Whoever believes this will believe it. Anyway, I don’t believe it, it’s inconvenient. That’s all.

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