In order to make this answer a bit of reference value, not to be a meaningless persuasion/no persuasion to retreat, just write something, of course, every school may not be exactly the same: 1. To study a PhD in biology, you must be satisfied with starvation and interest. Two, otherwise absolutely do not read a Ph.D. 2. Many people continue to read a Ph.D. because they can’t figure out what to do in the future. Don’t do that. It’s a waste of your own time. 3. In general, it is recommended to go abroad to study a PhD in biology, especially It is the United States, which is still good for future career development. 4. Compared with domestic, the advantages of the United States are high wages, low pressure (mostly), and easy immigration. If the boss is good, it is similar to being in heaven. The disadvantage is that the information is not equal. The unequal treatment of local and international students may be worse than the domestic choice of the wrong tutor. 4. The strength of the tutor is definitely not limited to deciding your article and graduation. The American academic circle is in a group, and the industry needs networking. A strong tutor is right. Your job search is not a bit helpful but decisive. 5. When choosing a school, you should talk to the seniors and sisters of the school. The good biology is the opportunity to rotate. This is really valuable. First of all, everyone with poor reputation is the tutor. Clearly, secondly, my mentor, such a hidden player, takes advantage of the rotation to find seniors from different laboratories, and they will speak truth after drinking. 6. If there is an uncoordinated conflict with the boss during the Ph.D., if you want to continue to have academic development, Change the laboratory immediately. (Personal and experience of people around you) If there is a drama for graduation, you just want to graduate, don’t tear your face, in the words of my committee, the student who tears his face with the boss always ends ugly 7. The academic world hardly exists to control the boss, our college is known as The three powers of department/pi/committee are separated, but Professor Tenure can’t fail at all. Students challenging the authority of the mentor are also prickly at the head of the department. Of course they don’t want to see it. My lab mate prepared all the evidence that the boss grabbed her authorship to appeal (the gray area is difficult to determine, just say that your contribution is not enough authorship, what can you do), the dean backhands a forwarding, our pi revenge is even more ruthless 8. When did we find ourselves not It’s not too late for academics/not to like biology. The key is to try/prep immediately if you find it. If you don’t try, you never know what you like. 9. Don’t use PhD/academics as a way to escape social interaction. Academia needs social networking occasions. A lot, of course, especially in the United States, networking is the most important thing. It is recommended to go to the career center of the school more than one year in advance to chat and learn. They will teach you how to write email and how to hug your thighs. 10. The academic faculty is definitely the smoothest that everyone yearns for, but it is full of objective facts, don’t put yourself Confined to a career, evaluate your own strength objectively, turn off Zhihu, and go outside to chat with people in different fields. 2.20 If you don’t want to continue reading the Ph.D. and go to some academic directions, refer to 11. If you want to know the industry, you can go to the local life science big company coffee chat/intern/ community/entrepreneurship/incubator related activities. Explain a misunderstanding. Entrepreneurship-related training is not only to encourage you to start a business (I personally think that fresh grads can’t do anything good), for our Ph.D., it is to understand the ecology of local biomedicine and learn from the development trajectory of others. 12. Want to jump out Biology graduates can read CS/stats master (my school sisters Zhang). If you want to have a deeper development in medicine, you can consider taking a master’s degree in regulatory science/PKPD. 13. The school is good, the grades are good, and you are not afraid to deal with people. You can try the consulting industry (high salary but frequent business trips, tired). Biological dogs can enter management/biological consultation. The preparation is to find more people in the consulting industry to chat and establish contacts and practice cases (more than half a year is better, and one or two months of training for beginners). MBB, especially BCG, recruits more doctors, and of course the requirements are relatively high. If you focus on biomedical consulting, related companies actually travel less, and they are more willing to recruit people who understand the industry. Therefore, they usually pay more attention to the industry information investment industry, especially the pharmaceutical-related investment. Because the startups are very hot in the past two years, they also start to recruit fresh grads. La, but they prefer to have internship experience, and the salary at the beginning of the job is not very high. 14. It is better to start from a large pharmaceutical company when you just graduate, but the requirements for articles/projects are relatively high. CRO/CMO companies are developing very fast now and recruit more fresh grads. If you really can’t find a job and want to go to the pharmaceutical industry, you can consider a start-up company position. There are many positions now, the salary is not low but tired and unstable. 15. For the position, research R&D cell culture/protein purification technology recruits a lot of people ( Master’s salary is low, Ph.D. is quite high), PD, Msat, etc. are not so scientific research is also OK. The major is not popular/research is not good, but you are not afraid of dealing with people, you can invest in majors such as PM/RA and have a larger medical relationship. You can consider applying for a medical liaison officer (MSL) of a pharmaceutical company. The salary is higher and there are more business trips and more exchanges with people than sales. Force the grid to be much higher. There are many business trips, foreign countries have relatively high language requirements, and I don’t know how to do it in China. 16. The next step is to return to the country to find civil servants/high school teachers from all over the country. It is stable and has many holidays. In fact, it is a good choice. There are also some research institutes that directly recruit Ph.Ds. Generally, they will directly have an establishment. However, the salary is low and the pressure of scientific research is very different. Some of them can be mixed directly and wait for death.