Biden hosted the Online Leaders Climate Summit at the White House on April 22. More than 40 global leaders were invited to attend the summit. In his opening speech, Biden announced that by 2030, the United States will cut its carbon emissions by 52% compared to 2005. This is double the emission reduction target during the Obama administration. Biden said this will enable the United States to achieve a net-zero emissions economy no later than 2050. When Biden released its new emission reduction targets, it only disclosed its vision, but did not release specific plans, budgets or legislative proposals.
On the 22nd, the leaders’ climate summit hosted by the United States was held in video format. On the first day Biden took office, he rejoined the Paris Agreement and listed climate issues as four priorities. And intends to re-lead the advancement of the world’s climate issues. The Biden administration hosted the online leaders climate summit this time and invited the leaders of 38 countries, including China and Russia, as well as the presidents of the European Commission and the European Council. These 38 countries include 17 countries that account for 80% of global carbon dioxide emissions, as well as the countries most vulnerable to climate change. The Biden administration hopes to declare to the world that the United States will regain its dominance in global climate governance. But the reality is that the United States has accumulated too many debts in the field of climate. It has not yet proposed new nationally determined contributions. It has not given an explanation on how to make up for the four-year action gap of the previous government withdrawing from the Paris Agreement, and it has not delayed the green climate for a long time. The fund’s debts are covered. Europe did not buy it. French President Macron and German Prime Minister Merkel coordinated their positions with China in a small-scale video conference before the US summit. In his speech at the opening ceremony of the conference, Biden announced the expansion of the US government’s emission reduction commitments: by 2030, reduce US greenhouse gas emissions by 50% to 52% compared to 2005, and achieve net zero emissions by 2050. Biden’s plan has been questioned by the US media. The Wall Street Journal believes that the Bush administration has withdrawn from the “Kyoto Agreement” to the Trump administration withdrew from the “Paris Agreement”, the United States has been repeatedly on climate issues, causing many The country doubts the promises it has made. House Republican Leader McCarthy said: “Americans do not need arbitrary commitments, nor do they need a Democratic’command and control’ approach. This approach may weaken our economy without solving the real problem of global emissions. “The Republican Party does not support emissions reduction, and the United States has too many variables. The world’s largest carbon emitters are China (103.57 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year), the United States (54.14 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year), India (22.74 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year), and Russia (years of carbon dioxide emissions) 16.17 million tons), Japan (12.37 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year), Germany (7.99 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year). The EU’s goal is to reduce emissions by 55% in 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Achieve “net zero emissions” of greenhouse gases by 2050. Developed regions such as the United States and the European Union actually reached the highest peak of carbon emissions in the 1990s, and these years have themselves been in the process of slowing down carbon emissions. China is the world’s largest carbon emitter, and its goal is to reach its peak carbon by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. It takes 60 years from Europe’s carbon peak in 1990 to the 2050 carbon neutral target. China’s commitment to achieve carbon neutrality from carbon peak to carbon neutrality is much shorter than the time taken by developed countries. It requires China’s hard work. my country’s carbon dioxide emission curve has tended to grow steadily since 2012, and the growth rate of emissions has declined, and the total carbon emissions have been reduced for two consecutive years in 2015 and 2016. Although my country’s carbon dioxide emissions have rebounded slightly since 2017, the growth rate has been far lower than the level before 2012. The growth rates of carbon emissions in 2017 and 2018 were only 1.4% and 2.3%, respectively. In 2019, China’s carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) dropped by 45.8% in total compared to 2005. my country has already fulfilled the goal of reducing China’s carbon intensity by 40%-45% by 2020, which was promised to the international community in 2009, compared with 2005. . China’s energy production and utilization methods have undergone major changes, and a multi-wheel-driven energy stable supply system has basically formed, and energy conservation has been comprehensively promoted. China’s renewable energy investment has exceeded US$100 billion for five consecutive years. In the past ten years, the area of forest resources has increased by more than 70 million hectares. In the past two decades, 25% of the world’s new forest area has come from China. In 2020, clean energy will account for 23.4% of total energy consumption, an increase of 8.9 percentage points from 2012. The cumulative installed capacity of hydropower, wind power, and solar power generation ranks first in the world. A complete industrial chain of clean energy equipment manufacturing such as hydropower, nuclear power, wind power, and solar power has been established to strongly support the development and utilization of clean energy. Carbon neutrality has no less impact on countries and industries than any great change in history. China not only insisted on fulfilling its promises, but also launched the “China Plan” to help the world successfully achieve carbon neutrality, the Global Energy Internet. The so-called Global Energy Internet refers to clean energy + UHV + smart grid. Help the world and various countries plan the “nine horizontal and nine vertical” global backbone power grids. The Global Energy Internet Development Cooperation Organization was established in March 2016. If mankind wants to make the economy take off further, it must get rid of the constraints of fossil energy and turn new energy and renewable energy into a perpetual motion machine for human economic development. A global power supply network can truly help countries overcome their energy supply difficulties and balance the uneven distribution of energy in the world. UN Secretary-General Guterres highly recognized the role of the Global Energy Internet. He has participated in activities hosted by cooperative organizations many times and said that building a global energy Internet is the core of human sustainable development and the key to global inclusive growth. Liu Zhenya, former chairman of the State Grid Corporation of China, current chairman of the Global Energy Internet Development Cooperation Organization, and chairman of the China Electricity Council, said that this strategic vision is quite epoch-making. The energy Internet built on the basis of UHV will not only become a weapon for China to achieve carbon neutrality, but also the key to global carbon neutrality. This is determined by the characteristics of global new energy. China has proposed a worldwide solution. With the advancement of carbon neutrality, the “Chinese solution” of the Global Energy Internet will surely be accepted by more and more countries.